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ACTION RESEARCH. Miss. Sahaya Mary HM,ZIET Faculty. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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A Bengali Teacher of English wanted to increase the amount of English she was using in the classroom. As first step she tried to find out how much Bengali she used in the class and the purpose for which she was using. To find this out she recorded four classes , observed and listened to them and found that she was using 50% English in the class. She also found that the purposes for which she used the same to be classroom management, explanation of content and giving feedback.She then drew up a plan to reduce the amount of Bengali used by her. She familiarised with English expressions that could be used on cards and put them before her. This reminded her of the plan. Each day a different card was in focus. She then continued recording her lessons and after a few weeks she listened to her tape and found that the use of Bengali had reduced considerably

DEFINITIONSAction Research is on the spot research aimed at the solution of an immediate classroom problem. ( Mouly)

According to Kurt Lewin, Action Research is applying scientific thinking to real life problems(classroom for teachers) and represents a great improvement over teachers subjective judgements and their limited personal experiences

INFERENCEThere are two main features of Action Research-Action research is conducted by a ParticipantIt involves immediate application CRITERIAFEATURES OF ACTION RESEARCHOBJECTIVESFind solution to problems in specific contextTRAININGLimited Training NeededSELECTION OF PROBLEMSParticipating, Teaching identifies the problemHYPOTHESISSpecific statement of the Problem serves as HypothesisREVIEW OF LITERATURENot essentialSAMPLEStudents in the class form the sampleRESEARCH DESIGNProcedures are planned and evolved ANALYSIS OF DATASimpleCONCLUSIONApplicability of the solution to the problem specifiedAPPLICATION OF RESULTSFindings are used in the classroom situation by participating teacher to improve their own practiceBasic Criteria for Action ResearchThe purpose of Action Research is to make teachers reflect on their own teaching, which is an essential part of the teachers Professional Development (Schon 1987, Calderhead 1989)Purpose of Action ResearchBenefits of Action ResearchThe MethodIdentification of the PlanEvaluation of the Action PlanNarrowing down the area and looking at the problem as specific questionsEx-Low Achievement in MathSpelling ProblemAbsence of Reading HabitsProblems in WritingPin-Pointing the ProblemHypothesis are intelligent and logical guesses about possible differences, relationships, causes and solutionsLogicalTestableClearDirect in terms of outcomeTestable in short timeFormulation of Action HypothesisFactors governing the Formulation of a Good HypothesisThe problem is clearThe goal to be achieved is specificThere is readiness to look at problems from different perspectivesThe social context is closely examinedThe Tools for Data CollectionTeaching JournalsLesson ReportsQuestionnairesAudio-Video RecordingClass ObservationDATA ANALYSISRationale/BackgroundObjectivesThe Questions/Problem StatementPlan of ActionTimeStepsSampleParticipantsTools UsedTypes of AnalysisInterpretationConclusion and ImplicationsBooks Referred ( Bibliography/Work Citations)

WRITING REPORT- Sources of Data on research on Teaching and Learning

CHANNELS AND AVENUESKVS AWARD FOR INNOVATION AND EXPERIMENTATION IN TEACHING-Teachers with two years of service may apply All tech aided Awards such as KVS- Intel, Microsoft ITLA NCERT ICT Awards have a framework of Action research

Collaborative Action ResearchNCERT Awards for School Innovation for whole school Innovation / Action Research

Action Research encourages a Teacher to be reflective of his own practice in order to enhance the quality of education for himself /herself and the pupils.It is a powerful means of bridging the gap betweenThe theory and practice of education,For her teachers are encouraged to develop their own personal theories of education from their own practice -(Jean McNiff)Teachers the makers of Knowledge

An Action Researcher.

Sources of Data for Action ResearchExisting Data(easiest to gather)Conventional Sources( require selection or development of data collection instruments, relatively easy to acquire)

Inventive Sources( products or performances may be Difficult to acquire and difficult to evaluate)

Records Student grades Attendance Referrals for Discipline Exams/test Scores Behavioural Data Teacher Journal or field notes Number of books read Library Use Writing Samples Grades on Classroom Tests Teacher Observations Outside Observations of Classrooms Student Journals Audio/Video tapes of classroom Exhibits Portfolios Expositions Videotapes

Archival Research literature Policies and regulations about educationPerceptual Data ( Attitudes/Opinions) Surveys Simple Interviews