About Thinking

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  • 1. About Thinking Ron Liu 2009
  • 2. Introduction ===> ===> (argument ) / ( vs ) : Discovery, Action, Making sth happening 85% ==> ==> Emotion, Feeling, Intuition
  • 3. ( )
  • 4. ( ) ( )
  • 5. vs ( ) ( / ) ( ) ( ) [ ] [ ]
  • 6.
  • 7. ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) : TO/LOPOSO/GO
  • 8. White Hat: Info Data, Fact, Number, Available Info Red Hat: Feeling, Emotion, Intuition, Black Hat: (Judge, Evaluation, Critics) Yellow Hat: Benefit, Advantage Green Hat: Free Discovery/Craetive, Investigating/Understanding, Proposal/Plan/Suggestion, Al- ternatives,New Idea/Concept, Problem Solving, Action Blue Hat: Control, Process, current situation, next step, summary/conclusion
  • 9. CoRT thinking program AGO: Aim, Goal, Objectives CAF: Consider All Factors, OPV: Other People's View APC: Alternatives, Possibilities, Choices FIP: First Important Priority C&S: Consequence and Sequel PMI: Plus, Minus, Interesting
  • 10. APC, New Idea or
  • 11. (experimental observation) (Empirical observation): MCME Cross Check Write Down Speak Out
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14. vs ( ) ( ) (Implicitly, Explicitly ) ( ) (Certainty about: )
  • 15. : : + (Value Assumption/judgment) ==> Prescriptive Issue Value Conflicts: What is the Choice, Stance, Preference : : Value Conflicts vs vs Reverse Role Play( ) Why the reader has to adopt the assumption behind?
  • 16. : Q: Why should I believe it, How good is the evidence? Absolute true or false ( ) Dependable( ) Opinion(taste, judgment) vs Fact the greater quality/quantity of evidence more dependable the more we can call the claim fact. Major Kinds of evidence: Intuition, personal experience, testimonials, appeal to authorities, personal observation, case example, research study, analogies. Fallacy Cause & Effects: Rival Cause, Contributory Cause, Associ- ation or Correlation, Statistics number
  • 17. Deductively valid( ) Proved beyond reasonable doubt( ) (or ) More likely than not on balance of evidence( )
  • 18.
  • 19. Logic AA BB C C AA D D Po( ) Jump Open Minded Or, Thinking Experiment
  • 20. ===> ( ) : (Po) ( ) ( ) NO Judge Logic New Idea Black Hat New Idea PO Green Hat
  • 21.
  • 22. Communication: Bono's model on Argument, discrepancy 4 Remove emotional wording ( ) ( ) ( ) How to handle ( ) ...... () why
  • 23. Bono's ( ) TO Where are we going, Aim, Focus, Problem, AGO, Blue Hat LO: Situation Observation, Info gathering, White hat, CAF, OPV PO: Ideas/Solutions development generation, APC, Constructive, Green Hat SO: Comparison, Check, Selection, FIP, C&S, Yellow/Black Hat Decision, Conclusion GO: Action Plan, Backup
  • 24. Solution Problem Solution Statement how/why ( ) Aim/Goal/Objective ( / ) ( )
  • 25. 1 MCME key info, index So what? Observation, Insight, Generalization( ) 5W1H Why so ( / / ) Time Place Occasion
  • 26. So What X Y Z Why So? A B C D E F MCME
  • 27. Take Away(I) Thinking Method: , How to, / 4 Info Input
  • 28. Take Away(II) ( ( ) )
  • 29. Reference 1. Teach your child how to think, Edward de Bono, , 1999 11 ( ) 2. Critical Thinking: An Introduction Alec Fisher , 2004 2 ( ) 3. Asking The Right questions, A guide to Critical Thinking M. Neil Browne, Stuart M. Keeley , 2004 ( ) 4. V.R. RUGGIERO, 1990 ( ) 5. 2007 ( MECE ) 6. 2005 ( ) 7. Thinking As a Science Henry Hazlitt, 1982 (Henry Hazlitt quot;Economics in One Lessonquot; 21 ) 8. : 1987 ( ) 9. : 1991 ( ) 10. http://philosophy.hku.hk/think/chi/ 11. Wikipedia, http://www.wikipedia.org/