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Transcript of A Report on Our Protecting Pangolins and Protecting the Earth file. · PDF file 2019. 4....

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    A Report on Our Protecting Pangolins and Protecting the Earth with

    Nigeria in 2019

    By China Biodiversity Conservation and Green Development Foundation

    (CBCGDF) Pangolins Working Group

    - CBCGDF Pangolins Investigation Team

    April 2019

    (Photo credit: CBCGDF undercover investigating volunteer “African Warrior” from Lagos,

    Nigeria)

    Summary

    Pangolin is the mammal in the world suffers the most severely from illegal trade.

    The huge market demand and high profits brought about by the so-called

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    "edible and medicinal value" are the catalysts that cause smugglers to take

    risks and are the boosters that lead pangolins to extinction.

    Relevant data show that between 2017 and 2019, in several major cases

    involving the smuggling of pangolin scales, the seized pangolin scales were

    from Nigeria. The problem of illegal trade in pangolins in Nigeria does require

    worldwide attention; how to solve this problem also needs to be highly valued

    by the international community.

    In March 2019, the Pangolin Working Group of the China Biodiversity

    Conservation and Green Development Foundation (CBCGDF) urgently

    established the Pangolin Investigation Team in Nigeria, and then sent the

    CBCGDF’s investigating volunteer “African Warrior” to Nigeria to investigate the

    consumption of pangolins.

    (Photo credit: CBCGDF undercover investigating volunteer “African Warrior” from Lagos,

    Nigeria)

    I. Why investigates Nigeria?

    There are four species of pangolins in Africa: black-bellied long-tailed

    pangolins, white-bellied long-tailed pangolins, giant pangolins, and South

    African pangolins. Both giant pangolins and South African pangolins are not

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    distributed in Nigeria. The black-bellied long tailed pangolins are distributed in

    southeastern Nigeria. They are found in primary and secondary rainforests,

    artificial forests (shrubs), swamps and farmland. The long-tailed pangolins

    mainly inhabit in the lowland tropical humid forests of Nigeria, the area

    between forests and savannah grasslands, and in areas where there are no

    hunts, and may also live in arable land and fallow land.

    The above two species of pangolins are captured locally in Nigeria, consumed

    or traded in the market, and their scales are used for medicine, including

    traditional African western medicine, resulting in a sharp decline in the number

    of pangolins.

    China continue to be persistent hotspot for seizures of pangolin scales,

    recording 55.8 tons of seized scales respectively between 2014-2018.

    According to several media reports, the amount of smuggled pangolin scales

    seized by China from 2016 to 2019 is on the rise, many of which were from

    Nigeria.

    (see details:

    https://www.maritime-executive.com/article/over-seven-tons-of-pangolin-

    scales-seized-in-hong-kong

    https://clubofmozambique.com/news/shipped-nigeria-china-biggest-ever-

    pangolin-scale-seizure-reports/

    https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/customs-seizure-shines-

    spotlight-pangolin-worlds-most-trafficked-animal-180961580/

    https://africasustainableconservation.com/2019/02/01/hong-kong-seize-huge-

    shipment-of-pangolin-scales-and-ivory-from-nigeria-bound-for-china/

    https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/law-and-

    crime/article/2184462/customs-officers-deliver-hk62-million-blow-smugglers

    https://wildaid.org/world-pangolin-day-comes-amid-alarming-number-of-

    seizures/

    https://news.mongabay.com/2018/05/pangolins-on-the-brink-as-africa-china-

    trafficking-persists-unabated/

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2351989418304414

    http://qbzx.forestpolice.net/2019/0202/c1204a77382/pagem.htm

    , etc.)

    https://www.maritime-executive.com/article/over-seven-tons-of-pangolin-scales-seized-in-hong-kong https://www.maritime-executive.com/article/over-seven-tons-of-pangolin-scales-seized-in-hong-kong https://clubofmozambique.com/news/shipped-nigeria-china-biggest-ever-pangolin-scale-seizure-reports/ https://clubofmozambique.com/news/shipped-nigeria-china-biggest-ever-pangolin-scale-seizure-reports/ https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/customs-seizure-shines-spotlight-pangolin-worlds-most-trafficked-animal-180961580/ https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/customs-seizure-shines-spotlight-pangolin-worlds-most-trafficked-animal-180961580/ https://africasustainableconservation.com/2019/02/01/hong-kong-seize-huge-shipment-of-pangolin-scales-and-ivory-from-nigeria-bound-for-china/ https://africasustainableconservation.com/2019/02/01/hong-kong-seize-huge-shipment-of-pangolin-scales-and-ivory-from-nigeria-bound-for-china/ https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/law-and-crime/article/2184462/customs-officers-deliver-hk62-million-blow-smugglers https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/law-and-crime/article/2184462/customs-officers-deliver-hk62-million-blow-smugglers https://wildaid.org/world-pangolin-day-comes-amid-alarming-number-of-seizures/ https://wildaid.org/world-pangolin-day-comes-amid-alarming-number-of-seizures/ https://news.mongabay.com/2018/05/pangolins-on-the-brink-as-africa-china-trafficking-persists-unabated/ https://news.mongabay.com/2018/05/pangolins-on-the-brink-as-africa-china-trafficking-persists-unabated/ https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2351989418304414 http://qbzx.forestpolice.net/2019/0202/c1204a77382/pagem.htm

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    Collation – Typical cases involving seizures of smuggling pangolins in

    Nigeria:

    On January 16, 2018, the Customs of Hong Kong and the Customs of the

    Mainland carried out joint operations and seized 8,300 kilograms (about 13,000

    pangolins), which was shown to be from Nigeria;

    (see details: https://ewn.co.za/2019/02/01/hong-kong-seizes-record-eight-

    tons-of-pangolin-scales)

    On February 16, 2018, Nigerian Customs operatives seized 55 sacks of

    pangolin scales weighing 2,001kg, valued at N408.32 million, and 218 pieces

    of elephant tusks weighing 343kg and valued at 85.2 million at a warehouse in

    Ikeja, Lagos, South West Nigeria, arresting a Chinese suspect, Ko Sin Ying.

    (see details: https://businessday.ng/businessday-

    investigation/article/pangolins-vanishing-in-the-wild-2/)

    On March 15, 2018, in the case of the seizure of smuggling pangolin scales in

    Ikeja, Nigeria, 329 bags of pangolin scales were found in an apartment of a

    Chinese, weighing 8.4 tons and worth 1.72 billion naira (about 33 million yuan);

    (see details: https://www.pulse.com.gh/bi/politics/politics-nigerians-are-

    helping-chinese-nationals-traffic-an-endangered-species/vg6b56p)

    On July 20, 2018, the Customs of Hong Kong seized about 7,100 kilograms of

    pangolin scales in a cargo container, equivalent to 11,000 pangolins, worth 3.55

    million, which was shown from Nigeria;

    (see details: http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-07/20/c_137338114.htm)

    On August 9, 2018, 21 bags of pangolin scales weighing 1031 kilograms were

    seized in a store in Lagos, Nigeria.

    (see details: https://www.von.gov.ng/nigeria-customs-impound-various-

    contraband-goods/)

    On September 26, 2018, the customs of Guangzhou cracked a large smuggling

    case of pangolin scales. The scales weighed 7.26 tons, and it was estimated

    that more than 10,000 pangolins were killed.

    (see details:

    https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2166083/15000-pangolins-

    slaughtered-7-tonnes-scales-seized-china)

    On September 28, 2018, Vietnamese customs seized 805kg of pangolin scales;

    (see details: https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/nearly-a-ton-of-

    pangolin-scales-ivory-seized-in-vietnam-which-has-banned-the-trading-of)

    https://ewn.co.za/2019/02/01/hong-kong-seizes-record-eight-tons-of-pangolin-scales https://ewn.co.za/2019/02/01/hong-kong-seizes-record-eight-tons-of-pangolin-scales https://businessday.ng/businessday-investigation/article/pangolins-vanishing-in-the-wild-2/ https://businessday.ng/businessday-investigation/article/pangolins-vanishing-in-the-wild-2/ https://www.pulse.com.gh/bi/politics/politics-nigerians-are-helping-chinese-nationals-traffic-an-endangered-species/vg6b56p https://www.pulse.com.gh/bi/politics/politics-nigerians-are-helping-chinese-nationals-traffic-an-endangered-species/vg6b56p http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-07/20/c_137338114.htm https://www.von.gov.ng/nigeria-customs-impound-various-contraband-goods/ https://www.von.gov.ng/nigeria-customs-impound-various-contraband-goods/ https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2166083/15000-pangolins-slaughtered-7-tonnes-scales-seized-china https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2166083/15000-pangolins-slaughtered-7-tonnes-scales-seized-china https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/nearly-a-ton-of-pangolin-scales-ivory-seized-in-vietnam-which-has-banned-the-trading-of https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/nearly-a-ton-of-pangolin-scales-ivory-seized-in-vietnam-which-has-banned-the-trading-of

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    On January 16, 2019, the customs of Hong Kong and mainland took a joint

    action against cross-border smuggling of endangered species and seized about

    8,300 kilograms of pangolin scales;

    (see details: http://www.china.org.cn/china/2019-02/