A Report on Aquaculture Value Chain Analysis in the Niger ... A Report on Aquaculture Value Chain...

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  • Foundation for Partnership Initiatives in the Niger Delta (PIND) 1st Floor St. James Building,

    167 Ademola Adetokunbo Crescent, Wuse II, Abuja, Nigeria

    A Report on

    Aquaculture Value Chain Analysis in the Niger Delta

    2011

  • i

    Table of Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................................................................ 5

    Vision for Growth ................................................................................................................................. 7 Strategies for Value Chain Improvement ............................................................................................. 7 The Pilot Project ................................................................................................................................... 9 Appropriate Technology ..................................................................................................................... 11

    INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................... 12 Fisheries in Nigeria ............................................................................................................................ 12 Niger Delta Fisheries ......................................................................................................................... 12 Catfish and Tilapia ............................................................................................................................. 13 Methodology ...................................................................................................................................... 13 Key Findings ...................................................................................................................................... 14

    THE END MARKETS ............................................................................................................................ 15 The Fresh Fish Market ....................................................................................................................... 18 Smoked Fish Market .......................................................................................................................... 19 Imported Frozen Fish ......................................................................................................................... 20 The Export Market ............................................................................................................................. 20

    THE VALUE CHAIN MAP .................................................................................................................... 21 Inputs ................................................................................................................................................. 21

    Feed ......................................................................................................................................... 21 Feed Considerations ................................................................................................................ 21 Feed Availability in Nigeria. ...................................................................................................... 21 Feed Manufacturing ................................................................................................................. 22

    Hatcheries .......................................................................................................................................... 22 Integrated Systems .................................................................................................................. 22 Stand Alone Hatcheries ........................................................................................................... 23

    Types of Hatcheries ........................................................................................................................... 23 Indoor Hatcheries ..................................................................................................................... 23 Outdoor Hatcheries .................................................................................................................. 23 Simple Hatcheries .................................................................................................................... 23 Complex Hatcheries ................................................................................................................. 23

    Steps in Producing Fingerlings in the Hatchery ................................................................................. 26 Production (Grow-Out Fish Farmers) ................................................................................................ 26

    Small Scale Farmers (Household Growers) ............................................................................ 27 Medium Scale Commercial Farmers (Also Have Hatcheries) ................................................. 27 Large Scale Commercial Farms .............................................................................................. 27

    Production Methods ........................................................................................................................... 27 Pond Culture ............................................................................................................................ 27 Cage Culture ............................................................................................................................ 28 Pen Culture .............................................................................................................................. 28 Fish Culture in Tanks ............................................................................................................... 28 Borrow-Pits Culture .................................................................................................................. 28 Flow-through System ............................................................................................................... 29 Water Recirculation System ..................................................................................................... 29

    Wholesalers ....................................................................................................................................... 29

  • ii

    Market Women ......................................................................................................................... 29 Caterers ................................................................................................................................... 29

    The Value Chain Map ........................................................................................................................ 30 Description by Channel ...................................................................................................................... 30

    Fresh Fish Channel .................................................................................................................. 30 Smoked Fish Channel .............................................................................................................. 30

    Points of Leverage ............................................................................................................................. 31 Producer Associations ............................................................................................................. 31

    SUPPORTING ORGANIZATIONS AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK .......................................... 33 Support Organizations ....................................................................................................................... 33 Privately Owned ................................................................................................................................. 33 Regulatory Framework....................................................................................................................... 33

    VALUE CHAIN DYNAMICS ................................................................................................................. 34 Trends and Drivers ............................................................................................................................ 34

    Trends ...................................................................................................................................... 34 Drivers ...................................................................................................................................... 34

    VISION FOR GROWTH ........................................................................................................................ 36 Production .......................................................................................................................................... 36 Quality Feed and Fingerlings ............................................................................................................. 36 Increased Smoked Fish Production ................................................................................................... 37 Major Opportunities For Economic Growth........................................................................................ 37

    Increased Production ............................................................................................................... 37 Processing .................................................................................