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  • 10/4/2012


    A Presentation ofA Presentation ofA Presentation ofA Presentation of

    UL EnvironmentUL Environment 40119188

    Healthy Indoor Air Quality by Design ULEIAQ

    Paul Bates Date

  • 10/4/2012


    Participants will understand the impact of indoor air poll tion on h man health The

    Course Description

    indoor air pollution on human health. They will also be able to identify sources of indoor air pollutants and view several case studies of the effects of controlling versus not controlling indoor environmental quality at the design phase of building construction. Emphasis is drawn to the importance of emissions of VOCs over content only requirements. Moreover, the participants will learn the value of selectingparticipants will learn the value of selecting certified low emitting products as a proven method for controlling VOC emissions (volatile organic compounds) that invade the indoor environment.

    Learning Objectives

    At the end of the this course, participants will be able to:

    1. Understand the impact of indoor air pollution on human health

    2. Identify sources of indoor air pollutants

    3. Understand the difference between low VOC emission and low VOC content

    4. Understand the value of selecting g certified low emitting products

  • 10/4/2012


    Healthy Indoor Air Quality by DesignHealthy Indoor Air Quality by Design

    Credit(s) earned on completion of this course will be reported to AIA CES for AIA members. C tifi t f C l ti f b th

    This course is registered with AIA CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not i l d t t th t bCertificates of Completion for both

    AIA members and non-AIA members are available upon request.

    include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. _______________________________________ Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation.

  • 10/4/2012


    This CEU is registered with the Interior Design Continuing Education Council (IDCEC) for continuing education credits. This credit will be accepted by the American Society of Interior Designers (ASID), International Interior Designers Association (IIDA), and Interior Designers of Canada (IDC).

    The content included in not deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by IDCEC of any material or construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product

    Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services should be directed to the instructor or provider of this CEU.

    This program, Healthy Indoor Air Quality by Design, is registered for 0.1 CEU value. The IDCEC Class Code is:

    •This CEU will be reported on your behalf to IDCEC and you will receive an email notification. Please log in and complete the electronic survey for this CEU. •Certificated of completion will be automatically issued once you have submitted the online survey for this CEUthis CEU. •Attendees who do no belong to ASID, IIDA, or IDC and do not have a unique IDCEC number will be provided with a Certificate of Completion from the CEU provider.


  • 10/4/2012


    ASHRAE  Standard 62.1‐2010 states: Air in which there are no known  contaminants at harmful concentrations as determined by cognizant  authorities and with which a substantial majority (80% or more) of  people exposed do not express dissatisfaction

    What’s your opinion?

    Today’s Docket

    Indoor Air  Quality

    Enhance the 

    Content v Emissions

    Enhance the  quality of air

    Who to trust

  • 10/4/2012


    Volatile Organic  Compounds  (VOCs)

    Inorganic and  organic  particulates,  allergens

    Formaldehydes /  Aldehydes

    I o g i  & Inorganic &  combustion   gases

    Mold & mildew

    Carcinogenic and endocrine  disrupting pesticides were 

    detected in more than 50% of  those tested

    Fire retardant chemicals  (PBDEs) were  in the 

    serum of nearly all  people sampled

    BPA was found in 90% of urine samples; females higher levels than  men, children had highest levels

  • 10/4/2012


    Eye irritation

    Headache Upper Respiratory Irritation


    Di iDizziness


    Sore or dry throat

    Nose bleed

    Every day in the U.S.e y day t e U.S.

    40,000people miss work due to asthma 30,000 people suffer attacks 5,000 people visit the ER due to a severe attack

  • 10/4/2012


    Air pollutants 

    are 2‐5X higher inside  than outside

    $63 B /year loss from lost productivity and increased healthcare  costs (National Energy Management Institute, 2010)

    1.5 M out of 4.5 M US commercial buildings have unacceptable  IAQ affecting 55Mworkers (US EPA and NEMI 2010)

  • 10/4/2012


    Shift from natural to mostly synthetic  materials

    Buildings don’t breathe

    Designs can lack necessary contextual  response

    Decreased ventilation

    Compacted work spaces

    Not addressed: Particulates smaller than 10 micrometers Pe ti idePesticides Flame retardants Plastics: Bisphenol‐A (BPA), Plasticizers, Phthalates

  • 10/4/2012


    95% of the  materials  submitted by submitted by  manufacturers  are listed as  “proprietary in  nature” and  th f   t therefore not  disclosed to  the public.  (Enviro & Human Health Inc, report 2010)

    Only 5 of the 20,000 Only 5 of the 20,000  chemicals  introduced since  1976 are banned by EPA (source:  Environment and Human Health, Inc. report, Wargo, 2010)

  • 10/4/2012


    26 un‐tinted paint samples tested  Stated content VOC level between 0 g/l and 150 g/l Tested using dynamic Environmental Testing chambers and 14 day  testing

    Content v. Emissions


    Findings: 7 samples had formaldehyde emissions above the CA CREL limit for  dry product emissions (9ug/m3) 2 samples had ethylene glycol emissions above the ½ CA CREL limit  (200ug/m3)

    Conclusions: VOC content can not be correlated to VOC emissions Impact: If used, TVOC levels may impact building clearance testing

  • 10/4/2012


    CAL 01350 covers 35 individual chemicals of concern when there are over 13,000 that emit from man‐made products

  • 10/4/2012


    Content v. Emissions in LEED Credits LEED Program

    2009 Version 3 BD&C BD&C Healthcare

    BD&C Schools ID&C

    Credit 4.1- Adhesives/Sealants content content emissions contentAdhesives/Sealants content content emissions content

    Credit 4.2 Paints Coatings content

    content (Op 2 paint)

    emissions content

    emissions (Op 2 ceiling /wallpaper)

    Credit 4.3 Flooring Systems emissions emissions emissions emissionsFlooring Systems emissions emissions emissions emissions

    Credit 4.4 Composite

    Wood/Agri-fiber content content emissions content

    Credit 4.5 Furniture/Furnishings n/a emissions emissions emissions

  • 10/4/2012


    Respond to site context

    Effective programmatic layout

    Proper ventilation design and Proper ventilation design and  zoning

    Low‐emitting material  specifications

    International Green Construction  Code (IgCC)—March 2012;    Chapter 8

    ASHRAE 189.1 – 2009:  Chapter 8

    Collaborative for High  Performance Schools—2002;  Section 2.2

    NAHB National Green Building  Standard (ICC 700)  2008;  Standard (ICC 700)  2008;   Chapter  9

    CALGreen—2011; Section 4.5  Residential and Section 5.5 non‐ residential

  • 10/4/2012


    Wet before dry – beware the sink effect!

    Protect your ventilation

    Employ a moisture and  IEQ manager

    Encourage good  housekeeping for all  onsite workersonsite workers

    Pre‐occupancy Indoor  Air Quality Test

    Flush‐out of building OR  perform air testing Flush out usually more expensive ; 14,000  cu. ft/sq ft of floor area  (outdoor air)

    IAQ T i   P  C di  R  IAQ Testing:  Prepare, Coordinate, React  Specify Low Emitting products when  possible

    Use EQ Credit 3.1 Construction IAQ Mgmt  Plan during Construction

    Use only qualified LEED professionals and Use only qualified LEED professionals and  consultants to perform

    React in case of failure

    Report should comply with LEED Online  project documentation 

  • 10/4/2012


    Green procurement  guidelines

    Establish a high  performance cleaning  programp g

    Educate staff on green  housekeeping procedures

    Establish regular HVAC  and