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8.1 Exponential Growth
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Transcript of 8.1 Exponential Growth. Learning Targets Students should be able to… Graph exponential growth...

• Slide 1
• 8.1 Exponential Growth
• Slide 2
• Learning Targets Students should be able to Graph exponential growth functions.
• Slide 3
• Go over Chapter 7 test
• Slide 4
• Warm-up/Introduction http://math.rice.edu/~lanius/pro/rich1.html
• Slide 5
• Exponential function- involves the expression b x where b is a positive number other than 1.
• Slide 6
• Base is the number b in an exponential function.
• Slide 7
• Asymptote- is a line that a graph approaches as you move away from the origin. y = a b
• Slide 8
• Exponential growth function- is an exponential function in the form where a > 0 and b > 1.
• Slide 9
• Graph exponential growth functions using y = ab x - h + k xy 03 16 Graph y = 32 x Make a table with x values 0 and 1 Plot the points and draw a curve that runs close to the x-axis and passes through the two points D: all real R: y > 0 Asymptote y = 0
• Slide 10
• Graph y = 34 x -1 xy 03 112 xy 13 2 Make a table with x values 0 and 1 Begin by looking at the un shifted graph of y= 34 x Shift the two points right 1 D: all real R: y > 0 Asymptote y = 0
• Slide 11
• Graph y = 42 x - 3 + 1 xy 04 18 xy 35 49 Begin by looking at the un shifted graph of y= 42 x Make a table with x values 0 and 1 Shift the two points right 3 and up 1 D: all real R: y > 1 Asymptote y = 1
• Slide 12
• 2. Use exponential growth models in real life When a real-life quantity increases by a fixed percent each year (or other time period), the amount y of the quantity after t years can be modeled by this equation: y = a(1 + r) t In this model, a is the initial amount and r is the percent increase expressed as a decimal. The quantity 1 + r is called the growth factor.
• Slide 13
• In 1980 wind turbines in Europe generated about 5 gigawatt-hours of energy. Over the next 15 years, the amount of energy increased by about 59% per year. 1.Write a model giving the amount E (gigawatt-hours) of energy t years after 1980. About how much wind energy was generated in 1984? E=5(1.59) t About 32 hours 2.Graph the model. 3.Estimate the year when 80 gigawatt-hours of energy were generated? About 5.98 near the end of 1985
• Slide 14
• You purchase a baseball card for \$54 dollars. If it increases each year by 5%, write an exponential growth model. V = 54(1.05) t
• Slide 15
• Compound Interest Consider an initial principal P deposited in an account that pays interest at an annual rate r (expressed as a decimal) compounded n times per year. The amount A in the account after t years can be modeled by You deposit \$1500 in an account that pays 6% annual interest. Find the balance after 1 year if the interest is compounded A. Annually B. Semi-annually C. Quarterly =1590 =1591.35 =1592.05
• Slide 16
• 1.2. y = 2 x