7.12D Differentiate between structure and function in plant and animal cell organelles, including...

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Transcript of 7.12D Differentiate between structure and function in plant and animal cell organelles, including...

  • 7.12D Differentiate between structure and function in plant and animal cell organelles,includingcell membrane, cell wall, nucleus, cytoplasm, mitochondrion, chloroplast, and vacuole

  • Structure: Flexible Membrane with small holes, Surrounds cells (outside layer for animal cells, just inside cell wall for plants)

  • Function: Controls what goes in and out of cell (transports material) & Holds in cytoplasm

    Analogy: It is like the bright orange flexible fencing around construction sites because it protects the work site while still allowing things to go through. Plant Cell Animal Cell

  • Structure: Gel-like fluid made mostly of waterThe material inside the membrane

  • Function: Holds organelles keeps cell flexiblemaintains shape of cellAnalogy: It is like the water in a swimming pool because all the stuff that happens in the pool happens in the water. The water supports the swimmer like cytoplasm supports organelles Plant Cell Animal Cell

  • Structure: Bean shape with many layers inside

  • Function: Transforms energy (from nutrients and Oxygen) for cells to useAnalogy: Mitochondria act like a power plant because they both transform other materials to make energy. Plant Cell Animal Cell

  • Structure: Large and round, will usually be located towards the middle of the cell. Membrane bound (eukaryotic)

  • Function: Contains genetic material (DNA), controls cellular activitiesAnalogy: The nucleus is like the brain of a human because the brain controls the actions of the body like the nucleus controls the cell. Plant Cell Animal Cell

  • Structure: Flat, folded membrane, usually around the nucleus

  • Function: Makes proteins for the cell. Internal delivery system.Analogy: ER is like a factory that produces goods and ships what they have made.

  • Structure: Stacked membranes

  • Function: Packages and delivers materials made from ER. In plants, the Golgi made cell wall material.Analogy: Golgi bodies are like FedEx because they package and ship materials around and out of cell.

  • Structure: small and round, usually more found in animal cells. Can move within cells.

  • Function: Digestion of cellular waste. Recycles old cell material to make new molecules.Analogy: Lysosomes are like your digestive system because both can break apart larger materials to make new molecules.

  • Structure: small and round in animal cells, usually a single large bag-like structure in plants

  • Function: stores water and nutrients, aids(helps) in cellular digestion. In plants it works with the cell wall for cell support (turgor pressure).

    Analogy: A canteen is like a vacuole because both are used to store water. Plant Cell Animal Cell

  • Structure: green, bean shaped found only in plant cells

  • Function: contains chlorophyll that makes photosynthesis possibleAnalogy: Kitchens are like chloroplast because both make food for organisms. Plant Cell Animal Cell Only in plant cells!

  • Structure: rigid material that forms the outer layer of plant cells.

  • Function: gives plant cells support and protects cells interior. Analogy: Walls of a building are like a cell wall because both are used for support. Plant Cell Animal Cell Only in plant cells!

  • In your science journal write a few sentences about how you can identify different organelles and types of cells.

  • Cell MembraneGolgi bodyMitochondriaNucleusEndoplasmic ReticulumLysosomeVacuoleCytoplasmRibosomes