6th Grade UBD - Unit 7 - Geography and Economy of Ancient Rome

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Transcript of 6th Grade UBD - Unit 7 - Geography and Economy of Ancient Rome

  • Slide 1
  • 6th Grade UBD - Unit 7 - Geography and Economy of Ancient Rome
  • Slide 2
  • Where was Rome- Rome grew from a city in central Italy to a huge empire that included parts of Europe, Africa, and Asia. Location Leads to Expansion- Romes location and geography gave it advantages that other locations did not have. Roman Roads and Coins- Roman coins and roads helped make trade and travel much easier during the Roman Empire.
  • Slide 3
  • Roman soldiers were often used as labor on large construction projects. The many roads built by the Romans were just one of the reasons they were able to build a strong and long-lasting empire. Explain what role roads played in shaping the United States. ( 5 minutes)
  • Slide 4
  • Work with a neighbor and compare your answer with theirs. What things are the same and what things are different? (3 minutes)
  • Slide 5
  • Rome was founded along the Tiber River in the center of the Italian peninsula. The Roman Empire extended as far north as modern-day Great Britain and Scotland. The empire extended as far southwest as the country of Morocco and as far east as the country of Syria. The Roman Empire began as a small city in central Italy but expanded greatly over hundreds of years.
  • Slide 6
  • Key Term Rome- The capital city in Italy, was founded in 753 BCE. Rome rose to become the capital of an entire empire comprising almost all of current-day Europe.
  • Slide 7
  • Key Term Italy- A peninsula on the north coast of the Mediterranean Sea, in the southern part of Europe. The Alps form the country's northern border, and the Apennine mountain range runs down its length.
  • Slide 8
  • Video- The Beginning of the Roman Civilization
  • Slide 9
  • Roman civilization had an enormous impact on the world, as the Roman Empire expanded and conquered much of modern-day Europe and the Middle East and parts of North Africa. For more than 1,000 years, Rome ruled this part of the world.
  • Slide 10
  • Slide 11
  • Rome is located in the center of modern-day Italy on a peninsula, which is a piece of land surrounded by water on three sides. This peninsula stretches into the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Slide 12
  • Over time different towns joined together to form the city of Rome. In 509 BCE, the Roman Republic formed, and the city eventually became the political center of a large empire.
  • Slide 13
  • The geography and climate helped the different towns develop into a city and then into an empire. Mountains protected Rome from attack. A warm climate allowed year-round farming.
  • Slide 14
  • Key Term Weather- The state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards heat, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain, etc.
  • Slide 15
  • Key Term Climate- The weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period.
  • Slide 16
  • Reading Handout- Reading Handout- Rome's Natural Sites
  • Slide 17
  • Romes location on the Tiber River in central Italy meant that it could easily sail in the Mediterranean to trade with other places. The mountains and hills of Italy helped keep Romans safe from attacks. Romes warm climate made it a good place for farming, which meant that Romans had plenty of food. Romes location and climate made it an excellent location for growing grains and other crops. Romes geographic conditions helped it to develop a trade-based economy. It also made it easier for Rome to extend throughout the Mediterranean region.
  • Slide 18
  • Access to freshwater allowed Romans to irrigate their crops, increasing agricultural output. Proximity to waterways made trade easier, helping the economy grow.
  • Slide 19
  • Like many other ancient civilizations, Romes farmers depended on a major river. The Tiber River provided them with fresh water. The Romans used the water to irrigate their farms.
  • Slide 20
  • The Tiber also provided drinking water for humans and animals. However, unlike many other civilizations, Rome did not develop in the rivers delta.
  • Slide 21
  • Rome began about 15 miles from where the Tiber River empties into the Mediterranean Sea. This distance gave Rome extra protection. Its enemies had to move inland from the coast to reach the city. However, Rome was still close enough to the sea that Romans could use the river to get to the Mediterranean.
  • Slide 22
  • As the empire got bigger, Roman farmers could not grow enough food to feed the larger population. Rome imported wheat from North Africa and olive oil from Spain. Trade became important for the Roman food supply.
  • Slide 23
  • Key Term Import- Bringing goods or services into a country from abroad for sale.
  • Slide 24
  • Key Term Export- Sending goods or services to another country for sale.
  • Slide 25
  • Romans built thousands of miles of roads and bridges. Soldiers, messengers, and traders throughout the empire used them. Romans had such advanced building skills that some of their roads still exist today. Romans made coins that were used for trade throughout the empire. These coins showed pictures of Roman rulers, gods, and goddesses. The development of roads made travel and trade throughout the empire easier. This helped Rome to expand its influence and empire.
  • Slide 26
  • Video- All Roads Lead to Rome
  • Slide 27
  • Roman emperors stressed road building as a way to increase trade, strengthening the economy, and as a way to move armies, increasing the capability of the empire to conquer even farther-flung lands.
  • Slide 28
  • The phrase all roads lead to Rome is a reminder that Roman roads connected the whole empire to the capital. These roads show the strength of Roman engineering.
  • Slide 29
  • The roads were built of several different layers. Often, the top layers were paved. The Romans also built drainage ditches along the sides of the roads. The ditches kept water from damaging the roads. Some parts of this road system are still used in Europe and the Middle East.
  • Slide 30
  • In addition to roads, Romans also built many bridges. The bridges helped Romans reach territories that were separated by rivers and other bodies of water. These bridges were made of stone.
  • Slide 31
  • Key Term Monetary System- Anything that is generally accepted as a standard of value and a measure of wealth in a particular country or region.
  • Slide 32
  • Reading Handout- Coin Minting
  • Slide 33
  • The development of metal coins used as money to increase the economic power of the empire. The common monetary system used throughout the Roman Empire made it easy and efficient to trade with far-flung territories.
  • Slide 34
  • The Romans made coins out of gold, silver, and other metals. The coins were worth different amounts based on the different metals from which they were made.
  • Slide 35
  • The Romans had coins of several different values. Like today, the government guaranteed the value of the coins.
  • Slide 36
  • The decorations on Roman coins, many of which are still in existence, show present- day historians and archaeologists details of life in the Roman Empire.
  • Slide 37
  • Video- Field Trip to the Money Factory
  • Slide 38
  • Achievements such as roads, bridges, and coins helped Romans develop trade networks that allowed them to grow rich and helped to unify the empire.
  • Slide 39
  • What has been the muddiest point so far in this lesson? That is, what topic remains the least clear to you? (4 minutes)
  • Slide 40
  • Work with a neighbor and compare your muddiest point with theirs. Compare what things are the same and what things are different? (3 minutes)