612. Mongoose.

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    By: Afaq Mahmood 2008-ag-2822

    DVM-6thSemester

    Section A

    Roll o! 6"2

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    #ingdom: Animalia

    $hyl%m: &hordata

    &lass: Mammalia

    'rder: &arni(ora S%)order: *eliformia

    *amily: Herpestidae

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    Atilax Ichneumia

    Bdeogale Suricata

    Crossarchus Mungos

    Cynictis Paracynictis

    Dologale Rhynchogale

    Galerella Liberiictus

    Helogale Herestes

    All these gen%s incl%de more than +0 s,ecies of mongoose!

    n $a.istan/ ndian gray mongooses 1er,estes edardsi3 and

    small ndian mongoose !Herestes "a#anicus$ are ,resent/

    )elonging to the gen%sHerestes%

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    ndian gray mongooses 1er,estes edardsi3 occ%,y coastalarea from Ara)ia to e,al and donard thro%gh $a.istan/ndia/ and &eylon! 4er/ "5+3

    7hey ere introd%ced to the est ndies/ 1aaii/ 9amaica/&%)a and $%erto Rico to control ,oisono%s sna.es and rats!

    orld Boo. 4ncyclo,edia/ "56; Bridges/ "5

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    tem,erate

    tro,ical

    terrestrial

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    ndian gray mongooses ha(e )een o)ser(ed in areasof thic.ets/ in c%lti(ated fields or in )ro.en/ )%shy(egetation! Bridges/ "5

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    Length+ to 8" cm28!< to +"!85 in3

    1er,estids ha(e long )odies/ short legs and

    highly de(elo,ed anal scent glands! 7heir coatsare thic. and coarse in te=t%re! Santia,illai/ DeSil(a/ and Dissanaya.e/ 20003

    7he head and )ody are +8 to centimeters long! 7heyha(e 3

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    Breeding interval

    ndian gray mongooses )reeds to to three times a year!

    Breeding season

    &o,%lation occ%rs in March/ A%g%st and 'cto)er!

    Number of offspring

    2 to < ?ndian gray mongooses 1er,estes edardsi3 @

    " to >; a(g! 2 ?small ndian mongoose !Herestes "a#[email protected]

    Gestation period

    60 to 6> days ?ndian gray mongooses 1er,estes edardsi3 @

    3

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    n small ndian mongoose !Herestes "a#anicus$ Age at sexual or reproductive maturity (female)

    "22 days a(erage3

    Age at sexual or reproductive maturity (male)"22 days a(erage3

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    Average lifespan (wild)

    years

    xtreme lifespan (captivity)

    "2 years high3 7he longest a mongoose has )een .non to li(e is "2!>

    years!

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    A mongoose eats cra)s/insects/chic.en/and rodents!7hey

    also eat liards/ eggs/ )irds/and other mammals! ndian gray mongooses are o,,ort%nistic h%nters feeding

    mainly on mice/ rats/ liards/ sna.es/ and )eetles! ro%nd)irds/ their eggs/ and ,arts of ,lants: fr%its/ )erries/ androots ha(e )ecome a ,art of their diet!

    n ndia/ the ndian gray mongoose feeds on the eggs andchic.s of the red C%ngle fol/ the ,eafol/ and the,artridges! 7hey ha(e )een .non to ,rey in grasslands insearch of sna.es and small mammals

    7hey ha(e also )een .non to ,rey on grassho,,ers/scor,ions/ centi,edes/ frogs/ cra)s/ and fish!

    Animals and Vegetation: Mammals/ 2000; $ostanoic/2002; Santia,illai/ De Sil(a/ and Dissanaya.e/ 2000;hitfield/ "583

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    !rimary "iet#omni(ore !

    Animal $oods#)irds; mammals; am,hi)ians; re,tiles; fish; eggs;

    insects; terrestrial non-insect arthro,ods; aq%aticcr%staceans!

    !lant $oods#roots and t%)ers; seeds/ grains/ and n%ts; fr%it!

    %nown predators leo,ards $anthera ,ard%s3

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    &ays that these animals might be a problem forhumans#inC%res h%mans carries h%man disease3; ho%sehold

    ,est! &ays that people benefit from these animals#,et trade ; research and ed%cation; controls ,est,o,%lation!

    'onservation tatusoer Ris. - east &oncern

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    *or a mongoose to

    ,rotect its self it does a

    )ac. fli,!t also scares

    aay any %nanted,rey.

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    Some mongoose are

    noct%rnal/)%t some )e %,

    d%ring the day!

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    Book Mongoose ;Nature's Predators by JanetHalfmann Edition ; illustrated,annotated.Publiser!"ale

    tt#!$$animaldiversity.umm%.umic.edu$site$accounts$information$Her#estes&'avanicus.tml

    Book (e mongoose and )aribbean *ildlife By"eorge +lbert eaman. Publiser!)arlotte +malie.

    )avallini, P., J. -el. //0. )om#arative beavior andecology of t*o sym#atric mongoose s#ecies 1)ynictis

    #enicillata and "alerella #ulverulenta2. South AfricanJournal of Zoology, 34! 5675/.

    1inton/ 1!/ A! D%nn! "56!Mongooses( )heir *atural History +Beha#ior! ondon: 'li(er E Boyd td!

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