オントロジー工学に基づく�知識の体系化と利用

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Transcript of オントロジー工学に基づく�知識の体系化と利用

  • kozaki@ei.sanken.osaka-u.ac.jp

    2014/5/30 JASPIC

  • 1996.4 /B4D3 2002.4 2002.12 2008.8

    ISWCInternational Semantic Web Conference JIST Joint International Semantic Technology conference EKAW: Inter on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management ICBO: International Conference on Biomedical Ontologies FOIS: International Conf on Formal Ontology in Information Systems

    Linked Open Data Linked Open Data

    2014/05/30 2

  • Linked Open Data

    2014/05/30 3

  • Linked Open Data

    2014/05/30 4

  • API

    Linked Open Data (LOD) etc.

    DB2014/05/30 5

  • 1997-

    2002-2007

    NEDO 2006-

    2007-2009 RISS

    2007-2010

    2008-2012

    2008-2010 Hc-082

    2009-2011

    2012-

    2013-

    2014/05/30 6

  • Linked Open DataLOD LOD LODOpen Data

    DB

    2014/05/30 7

  • 2014/05/30 8

  • 2014/05/30 9

    An explicit specification of conceptualizationby T. Gruber

  • http://www.kanzaki.com/bass/

    2014/05/30 10

  • 2014/05/30 11

    ...

  • 2014/05/30 12

    is-a

    part-of

    attribute-of

    262.3 24

  • ==

    1996

    http://www.hozo.jp ,20131

    2014/05/30 13

  • is-ais-a

    p/opart-of

    a/oattribute-of

    2014/05/30 14

  • 2014/05/30 15

  • vs vs

    is-a

    2014/05/30 16

  • 2014/05/30 17

  • 2014/05/30 18

  • 192014/05/30

  • 2014/05/30 20

  • 2014/05/30 21

  • 2014/05/30 22

  • 2014/05/30 23

  • identity

    Is-a p-is-ais-a 4part-of

    2014/05/30 24

  • 2014/05/30 25

  • 26

    depend on

    playing

    _1

    -1

    __

    depend onplayable

    2014/05/30 26

  • 2014/05/30 27

  • R2-1)(>22)

    R2-2)B1 ,R1)

    B1,R1)

    role

    R2-2)

    B2)

    B2)

    :B1)/ B2):R1)

    R2-1)/R2-2):

    2014/05/30 28

  • 2014/05/30 29

  • 2014/05/30 30

    role

    role

    role

    role

  • 2014/05/30 31

    role

    role

    , role

    , role

    role ,

  • vs. vs.

    2014/05/30 32

  • 2014/05/30 33

    [RH]

  • 2014/05/30 34

  • Linked Open DataLOD LOD LODOpen Data

    DB

    2014/05/30 35

  • 2014/05/30 36

    Semantic WebISWC,ESWC,ASWC229 88

    http://www.hozo.jp http://www.ei.sanken.osaka-u.ac.jp/hozo/onto_apps/

    20125

  • 2014/05/30 37

    is-a is-a

    vs.

  • rdfs:Classowl:Class is-a

    rdfs:subClassOf is-a

    Restriction

    transitivePropertyinverseOf

    disjointWithoneOf

    KIF,SWRL

    RDF(S)

    OW

    LO

    WL

    SWRL

    382014/05/30

    RSS,FOAF

    Web

  • (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)

    2014/05/30 39

  • (1)

    ()

    402014/05/30

  • (2)(6)(7)

    (2)

    (6)

    (7)

    2014/05/30 41

  • (3)

    1)

    WebWeb

    ()

    422014/05/30

  • (4)

    DB

    432014/05/30

  • (5)

    (1)

    (2)

    (a)

    A

    B

    (1)

    (2)

    (b) 442014/05/30

  • (8)

    e

    452014/05/30

  • (9)

    (1)(8)

    462014/05/30

    [02]

  • Semantic Web

    (A)/

    (B)(C)

    D)

    (E)

    (1) 1 4 12 1 0 18

    (2) 2 2 49 5 1 59(3) 1 3 28 5 0 37(4) 1 0 35 5 0 41(5) 3 0 39 4 0 46(6) 4 1 30 5 0 40(7) 1 2 25 4 1 33(8) 0 1 51 12 10 74(9) 0 2 8 1 0 11

    13 15 277 42 12 359

    2014/05/30 47

  • 2014/05/30 48

    (A)/

    (B)(C)

    D)

    (E)

    (1) 2 2 11 1 3 19

    (2) 2 1 14 0 0 17(3) 2 0 1 2 0 5(4) 4 0 4 0 0 8(5) 2 0 18 3 0 23(6) 5 1 14 1 1 22(7) 1 1 25 4 3 34(8) 1 1 46 7 4 59(9) 0 0 1 2 0 3

    19 6 134 20 11 190

  • 5%

    19%

    10%

    13%

    13%

    11%

    9%

    20%

    3% (1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8)(9)

    2014/05/30 49

    10%

    19%

    3%4%

    12%

    12%18%

    31%

    2%

    (1)(2)(3)

    (4)(5)(6)

    (7)(8)(9)

    Semantic Web

  • 2014/05/30 50

  • Linked Open DataLOD LOD LODOpen Data

    DB

    2014/05/30 51

    (2)(3)(4)(5)

  • Linked Open DataLOD

    Semantic Web WebSemantic Web

    Semantic WebLOD LODOpen Data

    LOD Open Data Open Data

    2014/05/30 52

  • Web

    We URLUniform Resource Locator

    Web

    HTMLHyperText Markup Language Web hyperlinkWeb

    Web URL

    2014/05/30 53

  • HTML

    2014/05/30 54

    WebURL

    (SankeiBiz) []

    - (429) - RBB TODAY(416)

    HTML

  • WebSemantic Web

    Web

    HTML

    Web Web

    Web or or

    WebWeb

    Semantic Web2014/05/30 55

  • Semantic Web

    Semantic Web Web

    Web

    Web

    RDF

    RDFSOWL RDF

    SPARQL

    2014/05/30 56

  • Layer Cake

    Semantic Web

    2014/05/30 57

    http://www.w3.org/2001/09/06-ecdl/slide17-0.html http://www.dajobe.org/talks/200905-redland/

  • RDFResource Description Framework

    Web RDF

    subjectpredicateobject3

    XML URIUniform Resource IdentifierWeb

    URLURI

    2014/05/30 58

    280598

  • RDFResource Description Framework

    Web RDF

    subjectpredicateobject3

    XML URIUniform Resource IdentifierWeb

    URLURI

    2014/05/30 59

    https://koan.osaka-u.ac.jp/koan/lecture#280598

    http://www.ei.sanken.osaka-u.ac.jp/~kozaki/

    http://www.ei.sanken.

    osaka-u.ac.jp/main

    http://www.ei.sanken.osaka-u.ac.jp/~kita/

    280598

  • RDFResource Description Framework

    Web RDF

    subjectpredicateobject3

    XML URIUniform Resource IdentifierWeb

    URLURI

    2014/05/30 60

    koan:lecture#280598 ei:kozaki/

    ei:main

    ei:kita/

    280598namespace)koan:https://koan.osaka-u.ac.jp/koan/eihttp://www.ei.sanken.osaka-u.ac.jp/

  • RDFWeb

    2014/05/30 61

    koan:lecture#280598 ei:kozaki/

    ei:main

    ei:kita/

    280598koan:https://koan.osaka-u.ac.jp/koan/eihttp://www.ei.sanken.osaka-u.ac.jp/

    Class Property

    rdfs:subClassOf

    rdfs:subClassOf

    rdfs:subClassOf

    rdfs:subPropertyOfrdfs:subPropertyOf

    rdfs:type rdfs:type rdfs:typerdfs:type

    rdfs:type rdfs:type rdfs:type

  • RDFSOWL

    RDFSRDF Schema is-a domain/range/

    OWLWeb Ontology Language

    2014/05/30 62

  • SPARQL

    SPARQL RDF

    select distinct * where { ?s ?p ?o . } LIMIT 100

    select distinct * where { ?p ?o . } LIMIT 100

    select distinct ?s where {?s ?o FILTER(regex(str(?o), Osaka", "m")) .}

    2014/05/30 63

    DBPedia http://ja.dbpedia.org/

    *

    Subject

    Osaka

  • Semantic Web

    Web2.0 LinkLinked Data

    2014/05/30

    Semantic Web ()

    RSS,FOAF

    SNSWeb2.0

    DBPediaLinked Data

    2004-2006

    2007

    2008-

    64

  • TED Talk by Tim Berrners Lee (1) 2009/2Raw Data Now!

    2014/05/30

    http://www.ted.com/talks/tim_berners_lee_on_the_next_web.html

    Raw Data Now

    65

  • TED Talk by Tim Berrners Lee (1) 2010/2LOD

    2014/05/30

    http://www.ted.com/talks/tim_berners_lee_the_year_open_data_went_worldwide.html

    /

    Where does my money go?

    http://wheredoesmymoneygo.org/ http://spending.jp/

    66

  • Linked Data

    WWW(World Wide Web)

    Web

    Linked Data

    Linked Data

    Linked DataWebTom Heath, Christian Bizer2013 1

    2013/8/5 2LOD 67

  • LODLOD

    2014/05/30

    2007/5/1

    2007/10/82008/9/182009/7/14

    2010/9/22http://lod-cloud.net/

    2011/9/19DB

    Linked DataWeb 3Web

    DBPedia

    open.govopen.gov.uk

    68

  • DBPedia

    2014/05/30

    WikipediaLODLOD

    http://dbpedia.org/

    DBPediahttp://jp.dbpedia.org/

    69

  • Linked Open DataLOD

    Semantic Web WebSemantic Web

    Semantic WebLOD LODOpen Data

    LOD Open Data Open Data

    2014/05/30 70

  • LOD

    NIIDBDB JSTNBDC

    2012/7/4

    Open Data METI

    LOD

    IT2013/05/24

    Linked Open Data Initiative Open Knowledge Foundation Japan Linked Open Data Japan 2011-

    2014/05/30

    LOD

    71

  • 2014/05/30

    http://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/it2/pdf/120704_siryou2.pdf72

  • 2014/05/30 73

  • 2014/05/30

    http://www.openlabs.go.jp/

    74

  • 2014/05/30

    http://www.opendata.gr.jp/

    (20127)

    75

  • 2014/05/30

    http://datameti.go.jp/

    LODJapan2012

    76

  • 2014/05/30 77

    http://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/it2/dai61/siryou2-1.pdf

    2013/05/24

  • 2014/05/30 78

    http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20130524/k10014805311000.html

    2013/05/24

  • 2014/05/30 79

    http://statdb.nstac.go.jp/

  • G8

    2014/05/30 80

    http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/page23_000044.html

    2013/06/18

    G8

  • 2014/05/30 81

    http://www.data.go.jp/

  • 2011Linked Open Data

    2014/05/30 82

    http://lod.sfc.keio.ac.jp/2014

  • 2013

    2014/05/30 83

    2014

  • 2014/05/30 84

  • 2014/05/30 85

  • Linked Open DataLOD LOD LODOpen Data

    DB

    2014/05/30 86

    (8)(9)

  • 126000

    1

    1921

    /

    872014/05/30

  • 2014/05/30 88

  • 201