540 current issues demanding responses
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Transcript of 540 current issues demanding responses
- 1. Presented by LorenzaToussaint
2. Crucial Curriculum Issues
- Development of thinking
- Competition in education with other nations
- Vocational Education
- Moral Education
- School Safety
3. Curriculum for Thinking
- In 1894 The Committee of Ten
- -held that the chief purpose of
- education was to train the mind
- - compromised that all the principal subjects might
- accomplish this purpose of consecutively taught so
- that they would enhance the process of
- observation, memory, expression, and reasoning.
4. The Focus of a Thinking Curriculum
- Contrast in Goals for Thinking
- -a curriculum where students explore
- issues affecting their lives and the
- Social Reconstructionists Goals of Thinking
- -favor critical thinking
- -Blooms Taxonomy (logical thinking and
- Humanistic Goals for Thinking
- -value creative thinking
- -various exercises to explore the unfamiliar and
- creating something new
- - fluency(through such techniques as
- - flexibility(changing the focus of thought)
- - elaborating( adding new material to existing
- - risk taking(trying out a new idea)
Contd 6. Contd
- Academicians Goals for Thinking
- -prize the paradigmatic or logico-
- scientific mode of thinking
- -based on categorization, conceptualization and the
- operations for establishing and relating categories.
- -3 kinds of knowledge are taught:
- 1.Curriculum for Teaching Basic Operations
- -classifying, generalizing, deducing
- 2.Curriculum for Teaching Problem Solving
- -students learn the heuristics (helping to learn) of
- diagrammingbreaking a problem into sub problems,
- findinganalogous problemsand working backwards.
- 3.Domain-Specific Knowledge
- -current focusis noton the acquisition and coverage of
- subject matter but on how the subject can be taught so that
- students think about thecontent in fresh ways and acquire
- intellectual tools that can be useful in other contexts.
8. Curriculum Competition:An International Comparison
- See Table 11.1 Results of the Trends in InternationalMathematics and Science Study (TIMSS)
- - U. S. ranked 24 thamong nations whose 18-24 year olds are
- earning advanced science or engineering degrees.
- - Poor performance of U. S. students on conceptual tasks may
- reflect U. S. teachers traditional practice of emphasizing
- procedures rather than connecting concepts to acting.
- -Is the curriculum in the U. S. schools lagging behind those in other
- countries?If so, why and what should be done about it?
- PISA (Program for International Studies Assessment, 2000) results indicatedfive factors that are necessary for success in school learning and continued study and learning:
- - using strategies for learning
- - enjoying reading
- - taking responsibility for reaching both goals set
- by teachers and ones own goals.
- - believing in ones ability to learn and achieve.
- - knowing situations where cooperative or
- competitive learning is more appropriate.
10. Vocational Education
- Education through work
- - subjects are coordinated with work-related
- experiences (Ex. Cooperative Education)
- Education about work
- - examine the world of workbecome aware of
- career choices.
- Education for work
- - prepared for entry into a family of occupations for
- specific careers.
- 4 issues face curriculum planners:
- 1.Purpose should it aim at broad intellectual
- development and guidance.
- 2.Access - should it open to the slow as well as to the
- 3.Content - how well does it match the present and
- future needs of the economy?
- 4.Organization - should it be restructured in order to
- close the gap between the vocational programs of
- the school and the requirements of work?
12. Contrasting Purposes for Vocational Education
- Early Rationale
- - offeredmanual trainingas complementary to
- academic studies and necessary for the balanced education for
- all students.It was a more meaningful way of learning by doing.
- Current Thinking about Purposes of Vocational Education
- - rest on 3 arguments:
- -national interest(pipeline programs with foundation
- technical training and academic courses in high school and
- advanced courses at the college level, with work-related
- -equity(help the young, refugees, and the hard-to-employ to
- find a place in the economy)
- -human development(underscores the intrinsic value of work.
- Students gain a sense of how things work televisions, cars,
- Content of Vocational Education
- Daniel Hull and Leno Pedrotti suggested a means of designing a curriculum for high tech occupations:
- 1.a common core consisting of basic units in mathematics, the
- physical sciences, communications, and human relations.
- 2.a technical core of units in electricity, electronics,
- mechanics, thermics, computers, and fluids.
- 3.a sequence on specialization in lasers or electro-
- optics, instrumentation and control, robotics, and
15. Trends in Vocational Education
- a progressive innovation that introduces broad content.
- dictated by economic rationalism aimed at sorting and ranking students as productive workers.
- Congress has influenced curriculum by demanding that recipients of vocational education funds to teach job-specific skills and assist students from low-income families to go straight from high school into the job market.
16. Moral Education
- Phenixs Basic Questions in Moral Education
- - values, standards, or norms, and the sources and justification
- for these norms.
- 4 approaches:
- 1.TheNihilisticPosition a denial that there are any standards of
- right or wrong.
- 2.TheAutonomicPosition view that norms or values are
- defined by eachperson is the
- cornerstone of the autonomic
- 3.TheHeteronomicPosition asserts that known standards and
- values can be taught and can
- provide clear norms of judgment
- for human conduct.
- 4.TheTelenomicPosition holds that morality is grounded on a
- comprehensive purpose.
18. Character Education
- During the 1960s through early 1980s, values clarification dominated moral education and the teaching of ethics.
- Values clarificationists think that the exploration of personal preferences helps people to:
- -be more purposeful because they must rank their priorities
- -be more productive because they analyze where their
- activities are taking them
- -be more critical because they learn to see through the
- foolishness of others
- -be better able to handle relations with other.
19. School Safety
- Reece L. Peterson and Russell Skiba stress the importance of improving school climates to create safe schools by:
- 1.parent and community involvement
- 2.character education
- 3.violence-prevention and conflict-resolution
- 4.peer mediation
- 5.bullying prevention.