4 Multiculturalism - Porto Editora ... 31 5 Discrimination Follow the clues to complete the...

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Transcript of 4 Multiculturalism - Porto Editora ... 31 5 Discrimination Follow the clues to complete the...

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    Cultural diversity How much do you really know about the world around you and its diverse cultures?

    Take this quiz and find out how culturally knowledgeable you really are. The pictures will help you.

    a. 8 b. 9 c. 1 d. 5

    1. WHAT NUMBER IN CHINESE CULTURE IS CONSIDERED A GOOD OMEN AND IS ASSOCIATED WITH LUCK, CONFIDENCE AND PROSPERITY?

    a. Portugal – Portuguese for “evening attire”.

    b. India – Hindi for “leg clothing”.

    c. New Zealand – Maori for “sleep dress”.

    d. Iran – Kurdish for “night wrapping”.

    2. WHERE DID THE ENGLISH WORD “PYJAMA” ORIGINATE FROM?

    a. Kanzu and Gomesi are ancient Turkish warriors.

    b. Kanzu and Gomesi is a popular children’s cartoon in Egypt.

    c. A Kanzu and a Gomesi are the national costumes for men and women in Uganda.

    d. Kanzu and Gomesi are the names of tools used in farming in Kenya.

    4. WHAT IS A KANZU AND A GOMESI?

    a. Between 450 – 500.

    b. Between 120 – 200.

    c. Between 2,100 - 3,000.

    d. Between 725 – 850.

    3. HOW MANY LANGUAGES ARE SPOKEN (NATIVELY) ON THE CONTINENT OF AFRICA?

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    Extenso 27

    a. A major Swiss bank.

    b. Bear pits, an enclosure housing bears in Bern.

    c. A museum built around Albert Einstein’s 1903-1905 apartment in Bern.

    d. A park in the city of Bern.

    5. THE BÄRENGRABEN IS A FAMOUS TOURIST ATTRACTION IN SWITZERLAND. WHAT IS IT?

    a. A favourite fast-food in Trinidad and Tobago.

    b. A popular series of children’s games in Jamaica.

    c. Traditional English tea with two jam biscuits in Northern England.

    d. A Jamaican cocktail.

    6. WHAT ARE “DOUBLES”?

    a. Each family unit has its own hut and the whole family lives together.

    b. Girls leave their family home at 14 and build a new home for themselves.

    c. Uros people build their house using adobe bricks.

    d. Uros people live on floating homes made of plant materials.

    8. THE UROS PEOPLE LIVE ON LAKE TITICACA IN SOUTHERN PERU. HOW ARE THEIR HOMES DIFFERENT?

    b. Boats a. Jeepneys c. Taxis d. Buses

    7. WHAT IS THE MOST POPULAR FORM OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION IN THE PHILIPPINES?

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    1 Diversity rules Australian culture. Play this cross-out word game and find the hidden message. Just follow the steps given

    and cross out the words in the table.

    Step 1. Cross-out three items of clothing you wear on your head.

    Step 2. Cross-out five words which have a similar meaning to diversity.

    Step 3. Cross-out six foods that have been introduced to Australia by diverse cultures.

    Step 4. Cross-out six languages (other than Indigenous languages) spoken in Australian homes.

    Step 5. Cross-out five religions practised in Australia. Step 6. Put the remaining words into the correct

    order and find the hidden message. The diagram will help you.

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    multiplicity Greek Judaism diversity

    variety all assortment you

    around Korean turban Hinduism

    nachos Spanish it Mandarin

    Christiniaty kebabs is mixture

    bananas range Islam rice

    sombrero Buddhism curry Finnish

    Discover bowler Arabic pasta

    D d - !

    Xplore · p. 173

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    2 Word formation & nationalities Using the suffixes below build the right nationality, according to the country given.

    -ish -(i)an -ese -i

    a. Algeria

    b. Argentina

    c. Australia

    d. Chile

    e. China

    f. Egypt

    g. Finland

    h. Iran

    i. Ireland

    j. Israel

    k. Japan

    l. Korea

    m. Lebanon

    n. Norway

    o. Poland

    p. Pakistan

    q. Peru

    r. Romania

    s. Tibet

    t. Tunisia

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    3 Describing different cultures Fill in the blanks with words from the box and complete this text

    about the Navajos. The hints will help you pick the right word.

    The Navajos, the biggest a.noun of Indians in America, occupy a b.noun that is roughly a hundred square c.noun . It is a sparse, d.adjective land. Most of it is in e.noun , but it extends f.preposition Utah and New Mexico. The Navajos are a pastoral g.noun , constantly h.verb with their sheep, cattle and i.noun .

    They do little j.noun ; they have no k.noun , or even permanent homes. Wherever they go they build new l.noun or hogans, which are m.adjective one room huts made of logs and

    n. noun and chinked with mud.

    The Navajos o.adverb follow the beliefs and p.noun of the old. When a Navajo q.verb in his house, it is never

    r. verb again. The family smashes in the back of the house, and

    there it s.verb , sacred and taboo, until it falls down. Sometimes white men tear down the ruins and use the logs for t.noun .

    Arizona bushes customs farming

    horses reservation used towns

    round houses miles firewood

    dies still tribe people

    dry moving stands into

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    Xplore · p. 173

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    emblem Maori culture spiritual leader later settlers

    sporting teams film industry Hinduism 1 billion

    bungee jumping Kiwis

    4 Culturally diverse countries – New Zealand and India. Fill in the blanks with words from the box and learn more about these countries.

    Did you know that… New Zealand’s culture is a fusion of a. and that of the descendants of the

    early British colonists and b. ?

    Maori culture is increasingly being identified with New Zealand due to haka displays by New Zealand c. ?

    New Zealand has given one special thrill to the world – d. ?

    the Kiwi is the national bird and e. ?

    New Zealanders often call themselves f. ?

    India is vast and has a huge population of g. ?

    India is the birthplace of four world religions: h. , Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism?

    Mahatma Gandhi was a major political and i. of India and the Indian independence movement?

    Bollywood is India’s j. based in Mumbai? Xplore · p. 173

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    5 Discrimination Follow the clues to complete the crossword puzzle. All the words are related to

    forms of discrimination.

    1.

    3. 4. 8.

    5. 9.

    6. 7.

    2.

    D I S C R I M I N A T I O N

    Clues 1. Unreasonable dislike or distrust of people who are different from you in some way.

    2. The belief that one sex is weaker, less intelligent, or less important than the other.

    3. A belief or idea of what a particular type of person or thing is like, which is often unfair or untrue.

    4. Hatred of Jewish people.

    5. Hatred and fear of homosexuals.

    6. Hatred, dislike, or mistrust of women.

    7. Unfair treatment of people, or violence against them, because they belong to a different race from your own.

    8. Unwillingness to accept ways of thinking and behaving that are different from your own.

    9. Strong fear or dislike of people from other countries.

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