4-1 Notes Decir, Salir, Specialty Stores, Transportation, Prepositions of Location, Regular...

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Transcript of 4-1 Notes Decir, Salir, Specialty Stores, Transportation, Prepositions of Location, Regular...

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  • 4-1 Notes Decir, Salir, Specialty Stores, Transportation, Prepositions of Location, Regular T Commands
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  • Decir to say/tell To talk about what someone says, use the verb decir. The verb decir has several irregular forms in the present tense. Decir is an (e-i) stem changing verb. Also, it is a go verb. Note: decir que means to say that. This is used to state opinions. Ex. Yo digo que el ftbol es menos divertido que el hockey. I say that soccer is less fun than hockey.
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  • Yo digo I say/tell Nosotros(as) decimos We say/tell T dices You (fam.) say/tell Vosotros(as) decs You all (fam.) say/tell l/Ella/Ud. dice He/She/You (for.) say(s)/tell(s) Ellos(as)/Uds. dicen They/You all(for.) say/tell
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  • Salir to leave/go out To talk about leaving or going out somewhere, you use the verb salir. Note: salir de means to leave from. This is used to say where you are leaving from. salir para means to leave for. This is used to say what destination you are leaving for. Ex. Yo salgo del caf. I am leaving from the coffee shop. Ex. T sales para el caf. You are leaving for the coffee shop.
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  • Yo salgo I leave/go out Nosotros(as) salimos We leave/go out T sales You (fam.) leave/go out Vosotros(as) sals You all (fam.) leave/go out l/Ella/Ud. sale He/She/You (for.) leave(s)/go(es) out Ellos(as)/Uds. salen They/You all(for.) leave/go out
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  • El centro comercial vende todo La carnicera vende carne La farmacia vende cosas de salud La joyera vende joyas La lavandera lava ropa La librera vende libros La panadera vende pan La papelera vende papel, lpices, etc. La pastelera vende pastel y dulces La tienda de msica y videos (duh?) La zapatera vende zapatos
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  • a pie en autobs en avin en barco(crucero) en bici(cleta) en caballo en camioneta/camin en carro/coche en metro en moto(cicleta) en taxi en tren on foot by bus by plane by boat/cruise ship by bike(bicycle) by horse by truck by car (Mex./Sp.) by subway by motorcycle by taxi by train To say how you get from place to place, use ir + en + (way)
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  • P REPOSICIONES DE L OCACIN a la derecha (de) a la izquierda (de) delante (de) detrs (de) enfrente (de) alrededor (de) arriba abajo encima (de) debajo (de) por encima (de) entre to the right (of) to the left (of) in front (of) behind facing, in front (of) around up down on top (of) below, underneath (of) over (with motion) between Use these phrases with estar to describe where something is.
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  • P REPOSICIONES DE L OCACIN ( CONT.) lejos (de) cerca (de) al lado (de) adentro dentro de afuera fuera de derecho EXTRA WORDS desde hasta aqu/all, ac/all far (from) close (to) next to, beside (of) inside inside of outside outside of straight ahead from up to, as far as here/there Use these phrases with estar to describe where something is.
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  • To tell someone you know, a younger person, or someone in your family what to do, use a T command. Regular T commands are the same as the l/ella form of the verb. Ex. Cantar Canta! Sing! Ex. Comer Come!Eat! Ex. Abrir - Abre!Open!
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  • Irregular T Commands Decir- Di Hacer- Haz Poner- Pon Salir - Sal Venir Ven Tener Ten Ir Ve Ser - S Say/Tell Make/Do Put/Place Leave/go out Come Have/Be Go Be
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  • The Irregular T Command Song To the tune of Row, Row, Row Your Boat Di, Haz, Pon y Sal Ven, Ten, Ve y S These are irregular t commands. Learn them right away!
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  • Gracias por su atencin! El fin