3D Holography: When Might it become Economically Feasible?

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Master's students use concepts from my (Jeff Funk) forthcoming book (Origins of New Industries) to analyze the technical and economic feasibility of 3D Holography. Improvements in lasers and holographic media are gradually making this more feasible. See my other slides for details on concepts, methodology, and other new industries..

Transcript of 3D Holography: When Might it become Economically Feasible?

  • 1. HOLOGRAPHY Chew Guang Wei HT093271W Ho Seow Yan HT093116E Lim Su Ru HT093278B Ong Lip Sin HT093131U Wee Chong Liang Justin HT093290BMT5009
  • 2. Content2 Introduction Evolution of Displays Value Proposition Holographic System Setup Technology & Cost of Holographic System Limitations of Holographic System Components of Holographic System F t Future Opportunities O t iti Entrepreneurial Opportunities
  • 3. Holography g p y3
  • 4. Timeline of Holography g p y4 1960:Pulsed ruby laser y was developed 1962:White light reflection hologram 2010: Development of moving 3D holograms 2009: Interactive holographic g p displays developed 1983:Mastercard first credit g card to use holograms 1947: Dennis Gabor developed the theory of holography
  • 5. Evolution of Displays p y 5 1940 1964 1972 1980 1997 2004 2010 Plasma Display 3D movies LCD enters invented enter market market Next generation: 3D Holographic Display Cathode Ray Liquid Crystal Plasma enters 3D TV enters Tube (CRT) Display (LCD) market market enters market invented Type Advantages Disadvantages High Definition High resolution 2D images com/ 3D Display High resolution Narrow viewing angles dmarkettrends.c Stereoscopic Require viewing glasses Not true 3D imagery 3D Holographic Life-like images Life like Require large amount ofhttp://www.3d Display Volumetric 3D display processing Interactivity Constraint by size of holographic material
  • 6. Value Proposition p6 1. . High Definition: g e o : Images projected are full coloured, high resolution and life-like 2. Ease of customization: E f t i ti Ability to project hologram anywhere 3. 3 Ease of delivery and transmission: Real time transmission to multiple locations 4. 4 Volumetric View: 360 degree view with different perspectives 5. Interactivity: Ability to interact directly with image
  • 7. Holographic System Setup g p y p7 Satellite Object 3D Hologram Light Transmission Source Medium Holographic Camera Media System Computer System Computer System
  • 8. Technology for Holographic System gy g p y8 Keyy Prototype yp Technology expected by gy p y Sub-System 2016 Light Source 200mW 500mW Diode-Pumped Diode Pumped Solid Diode-Pumped Diode Pumped Solid State (DPSS) Pulsed Laser State (DPSS) Pulsed Laser Holographic 17 At least 42 Media Photorefractive Polymer Advanced Photorefractive Polymer 2-second refresh rate 6 to 24 fps refresh rate Transmission 100Mbps Up to 40Gbps Media Fiber Optics Computer System 4-core 16-core and beyond
  • 9. Projected Cost of Holographic System j g p y9 42" Holographic System S stem 200,000 EstimatedCostBreakdown Computer System 150,000 Holographic Media $) Cost ($ LightSource Light Source 100,000 Transmission 50,000 0 2011 2016 2021 2030 Year
  • 10. Limitations of Holographic System g p y10 Laser System Performance trade off with cost and safety Microprocessor Large amount of processing required g p g q Multiple complex algorithms and calculations Photorefractive Polymer Size of hologram dependent on size of material Refresh rate
  • 11. Photorefractive Polymer11 Fiber Optics
  • 12. Light Source: Evolution g 12 Mercury Solid-state Semiconductor arc lamp laser l laser di d l diodes (1948) (1960s) (1980s) Dr. Theodore [1] Maiman studies a ruby crystal in the shape of a cube in a laser.[1] http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/269607/holography/92904/Pulsed-laser-holography
  • 13. Laser System: Performance y 13 1) The lower the laser power the longer the exposure time power, A second to few minutes for CW lasers vs. nanoseconds for Pulsed lasers 2) Laser power requirement i) Increases with Size of holograms