36151299 Project on Substation 220kv 132kv

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Transcript of 36151299 Project on Substation 220kv 132kv

  • 7/29/2019 36151299 Project on Substation 220kv 132kv


    1. Introduction:

    1.1. About the substation:


    substation in Asia to have 5 isolator system bus arrangements. The most important of any substationis the grounding of the instruments, transformers etc. used in the substation. For grounding of thesubstation a metallic square or some poly shaped metal boxes are placed in the ground. Theseground the extra high voltage to the ground. As it is dangerous to us to go near the instrumentwithout proper earth. If the instruments are not ground properly they may give a huge shock toanyone who would stay near it and also it is dangerous for the costly instrument as they may getdamaged by this high voltage.

    1.2. Construction Site Selection & Layout


    EHV Sub-Station forms an important link between Transmission network and Distributionnetwork. It has a vital influence of reliability of service. Apart from ensuring efficienttransmission and Distribution of power, the sub-station configuration should be such that itenables easy maintenance of equipment and minimum interruptions in power supply. Flexibilityfor future expansion in terms of number of circuits and transformer MVA Capacity also needs tobe considered while choosing the actual configuration of the sub-station. EHV Sub-Station is


  • 7/29/2019 36151299 Project on Substation 220kv 132kv


    constructed as near as possible to the load center. The voltage level of power transmission isdecided on the quantum of power to be transmitted to the load center.

    Generally, the relation between EHV Voltage level and the power to be transmitted is as follows:

    S.NO. POWER TO BE TRANSMITTED VOLTAGE LEVEL1) Upto 150 MVA 132 KV.2) From 150 MVA to 300 MVA 220 K.V.3) 300 MVA to 1000 MVA 400 K.V.


    Main points to be considered while selecting the site for EHV Sub-Station are as follows:

    i) The site chosen should be as near to the load center as possible.

    ii) It should be easily approachable by road or rail for transportation of equipments.

    iii) Land should be fairly leveled to minimize development cost.

    iv) Source of water should be as near to the site as possible. This is because water isrequired for various construction activities; (especially civil works,), earthing and fordrinking purposes etc.

    v) The sub-station site should be as near to the town / city but should be clear of publicplaces, aerodromes, and Military / police installations.

    vi) The land should be have sufficient ground area to accommodate substation equipments,buildings, staff quarters, space for storage of material, such as store yards and store shedsetc. with roads and space for future expansion.

    vii) Set back distances from various roads such as National Highways, State Highwaysshould be observed as per the regulations in force.

    viii) While selecting the land for the substation preference to be given to the Govt. land overprivate land.

    ix) The land should not have water logging problem.

    x) The site should permit easy and safe approach to outlets for EHV lines.


  • 7/29/2019 36151299 Project on Substation 220kv 132kv


    1.4. Process of Land Acquisition

    After the selection of site of the proposed EHV Substation and finalization of the arearequired, proceedings for acquisition of land have to be initiated. The acquisition ofland generally takes quite a long time. Forecasting and planning of substation and

    selection of substation site needs to be done much in advance taking into account thenormal period of acquisition of land. The acquision of land should not in any waydisturb the commissioning of programme of sub-staion. In MSETCL a landacquisition is carried out by the concerned Civil wing. The proposal for acquisition ofland is submitted to the District Collector in case of Govt. land and to the landacquisition officer in case of private land through the PWD Authorities accompaniedby following documents:

    (i) 7/12 abstracts along with the resolution of local authority.

    (ii) Village map with suitable land duly marked on it.

    (iii)Sales statistics around the area.

    (iv)No Objection Certificate from the Forest Deptt. if applicable.

    (v) The certificate in case of private agricultural land that the owner of the land does notbecome landless if his land is acquired.

    (vi)These papers should be submitted after their due scrutiny. The land selected should bemarked on the village map by taking joint measurements with Revenue Authorities.

    (vii) Once the proposal is submitted to land acquisition officer further legal proceedingsare completed by him, and the award is given followed by allocation of land to theutility.

    Possessions of land are taken by taking joint measurements.


    All the substation equipments / materials received on site should be stored properly, either inthe outdoor yard or in the stores shade depending on the storage requirement of that particularequipment.

    The material received should be properly counted and checked for any damages / breakages etc.The storage procedure for main equipment is as follows:

    i) EHV C.T.s and P.T.s Normally, 132 KV C.Ts. and P.Ts are packed and transported inwooden crates vertically while those of 220 KV and 400 KV are packed in ironstructures for extra supports with cross beams to avoid lateral movement. 132 KV C.Ts.and P.Ts. should be stored vertically and those of 220 KV and 400 KV should be stored


  • 7/29/2019 36151299 Project on Substation 220kv 132kv


    in horizontal position. C.Ts and P.Ts. packed in wooden crates should not be stored forlonger period as the packing would may deteriorate. The wooden packages should bestored on a cement platform or on M.S. Channels to avoid faster deterioration of thewooden crates. C.Ts and P.Ts packed in iron cases stored in horizontal position shouldbe placed on stable ground. No C.Ts and P.Ts. should be unpacked in horizontal

    position.ii) L.A. s. and B.P.I. These are packed in sturdy wooden case as the porcelain portion is

    very fragile. Care should be taken while unpacking, handling and storage due to thisreason.

    iii) Batteries, Acid, Battery charger C & R panel, A.C.D.Bs copper piping, clampconnectors, hardwares etc. should be stored indoor.

    iv) Circuit breakers: The mechanism boxes of 33 KV V.C.Bs should be stored on raisedground and properly covered with tarpaulins or should be stored in door. The interrupterchambers should be stored on raised ground to avoid rain water in storage area.

    v) E.H.V. C.B. Now-a-days SF6 circuit breaker are used at EHV rottages. The control and

    operating cabinets are covered in polythene bags and are packed in wooden and ironcrates. These should be stored on raised ground and should be covered with tarpaulins.The arcing chambers and support insulators are packed in iron crates and transportedhorizontally. The +ve pressure of SF6 gas is maintained in these arcing chambers toavoid the ingress of moisture. It should be ensured that this pressure is maintained duringthe storage. Other accessories like pr. Switches, density monitor, Air Piping, controlcables, wiring materials, SF6 gas pipes; SF6 cylinder should be stored in store shed.

    vi) Power transformers: The main Tank - The transformer is transported on trailor tosubstation site and as far as possible directly unloaded on the plinth. Transformer tanksup to 25 MVA capacity are generally oil filled, and those of higher capacity aretransported with N2 gas filled in them +ve pressure of N2 is maintained in transformertank to avoid the ingress of moisture. This pressure should be maintained during storage;if necessary by filling N2 Bushings - generally transported in wooden cases in horizontalposition and should be stored in that position. There being more of Fragile material, careshould be taken while handling them. Rediators These should be stored with ends dulyblanked with gaskets and end plates to avoid ingross of moisture, dust, and any foreignmaterials inside. The care should be taken to protect the fins of radiators while unloadingand storage to avoid further oil leakages. The radiators should be stored on raised groundkeeping the fins intact. Oil Piping. The Oil piping should also be blanked at the endswith gasket and blanking plates to avoid ingross of moisture, dust, and foreign

    All other accessories like temperature meters, oil flow indicators, PRVs, buchholtz relay; oilsurge relays; gasket O rings etc. should be properly packed and stored indoor in store shed.Oil is received in sealed oil barrels . The oil barrels should be stored in horizontal position withthe lids on either side in horizontal position to maintain oil pressure on them from inside andsubsequently avoiding moisture and water ingress into oil. The transformers are received on sitewith loose accessories hence the materials should be checked as per bills of materials.

    1.6. SUBSTATION STRUCTURES: It should be properly checked as per bills of materialsof stacked and stored outside.


  • 7/29/2019 36151299 Project on Substation 220kv 132kv


    1.7. THE FIRE PROTECTION: The fire protection device should be kept in store yard forsafety of equipments during storage.

    1.8. INSURANCE Transport of equipments from one place to other is done, where they are

    actually erected. During transport, erection and commissioning the equipments may getdamaged resulting into loss, hence the equipments should be insured against storage,transportations, erections, testing and commissioning as the paying authorities f