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Transcript of 3.4
- 1. Bell Ringer
- Why is the balance of slave states and free states important to early American government?
2. Annexation of Texas
- South favored adding Texas because it would be a slave state.
- Congress votes to annex Texas in 1845
- Mexico sees addition as an act of war
3. Mexican-American War
- Dispute over boundaries.
- American settlers declare California an independent republic and force out Mexican troops.
- Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo sets modern borders
4. Missouri Compromise of 1820
- Missouri would enter the Union as a slave state, but Maine would enter as a free state.
- Goal was to balanceslave and free states to keep both groups happy.
- Outlawed slavery north of Missouri
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5. 6. Quick Review
- Why did the US go to war with Mexico?
- Why did Southern States want Texas to join the Union?
- What was the goal of the Missouri Compromise when it came to slave and free states?
7. Kansas-Nebraska Act
- Kansas and Nebraska permitted to hold elections to determine they would be free or slave.
- Both pro-slavery and abolitionist supporters migrate to Kansas to vote.
- Bleeding Kansas
- Disagreements turn violent
8. The Caning of Charles Sumner 9. Key Question
- If a slave is taken North passed the Missouri line, is that slave free?Why or why not?
10. The Dred Scott Decision
- Scott v. Sandford
- Scott sues for his freedom when taken to free state
- Court ruled that slaves wereproperty
11. John Browns Raid
- October, 1859 John Brown leads an attack on an arsenal in Harpers Ferry, VA.
- Browns rebellion crushed by Robert E. Lee
- Brown hanged for treason
- Becomes martyr to abolitionists
12. Election of 1860
- Democratic party split North/South
- North:Stephen Douglas
- South:John Breckinridge
- Republicans run Abraham Lincoln
- Lincoln wins Presidency without a single Southern vote (Wasnt on the ballot)
- Only wins 39% of the popular vote.
13. Election of 1860 14. Quick Review
- Why did Kansas become a battle ground between abolitionists and slavery supporters?
- Why was the Dred Scott decision a blow to the abolitionist movement?
- How did John Brown contribute to North-South tensions?
- Why was the election of 1860 controversial?