25 Major Rangeland Plants

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25 Major Rangeland Plants. Forbs and Woody Plants. By Karen Launchbaugh. Forbs & Woody Plant. Desert Marigold. Perennial Native. Hairy Leaves. Composite flower with Disk flowers and Ray flowers. Mostly Basal Leaves. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of 25 Major Rangeland Plants

FORBS

Forbs and Woody Plants25 Major Rangeland Plants

By Karen LaunchbaughRange Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT1There are Forbs & Woody PlantFORBSDesert MerigoldPerennialNativeLeafy SpurgePerennialIntroduced & NoxiousTailcup LupinePerennialNativeTall LarkspurPerennialNativeSpotted KnapweedPerennialIntroduced & NoxiousWestern YarrowPerennialNativeWOODY PLANTSBig SagebrushPerennialNativeCoyote WillowPerennialNativeCreosotePerennialNativeDeerbrushPerennialNativeHoney MesquitePerennialNativeJuniperPerennialNativeSaltcedarPerennialIntroduced & NoxiousShadscale SaltbrushPerennialNativeWinterfatPerennialNative

Hairy LeavesMostly Basal Leaves

Desert Marigold Perennial NativeComposite flower with Disk flowers and Ray flowersPage from North American Wildland Plants by Stubbendieck, Hatch and Landholt

Hairly leaves help with water conservation. Range Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT3There are

Desert MarigoldDesert wildflower High ornamental valueComposite flower with Disk flowers and Ray flowersHigh ornamental value

Hairly leaves help with water conservation. Range Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT4There are

Leafy SpurgeIntroducedPerennial

University of Idaho Stillinger Herbarium (http://www.pnwherbaria.org)http://www.ag.ndsu.eduLeafy SpurgeMilky resinNoxious Weed

Thad Berrett

Thad Berrett

Tailcup Lupine Perennial NativeIdaho Rangeland Resource Commission drawing by Beverly Jaquish

Raceme seed headsPalmate compound leavesUniversity of Idaho Stillinger Herbarium (http://www.pnwherbaria.org)Raceme flower. Causes crooked calf syndrome.Range Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT7There are Tailcup LupinePoisonous plant contains alkaloids

Jennifer PetersonJennifer PetersonRaceme flower. Causes crooked calf syndrome.Range Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT8There are

Tall Larkspur Perennial NativePalmate dividedleavesRaceme seed headsUniversity of Idaho Stillinger Herbarium (http://www.pnwherbaria.orgBackpack Guide to Idaho Range PlantsResponsible for more livestock death than any other plant in the N. America. Flowers have a spur on them which is where the name larkspur comes from.Range Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT9There are Tall LarkspurPoisonous plant contains alkaloids

** Poisonous This plant contains a potent alkaloid. More animals die from this plant than from any other in North AmericaPurple flowersPalmately divided leaves

Sheri Hagwood, BLMResponsible for more livestock death than any other plant in the N. America. Flowers have a spur on them which is where the name larkspur comes from.Range Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT10There are

Spotted KnapweedPerennialIntroducedK. LaunchbaughJen PetersonK. Launchbaughwww.usu.edu/weeds/plant_species/weedspecies/spottedknap.html

Composit Seedhead with Disk flowersMontana State University Herbarium (http://www.pnwherbaria.orgSpotted KnapweedNoxious weedDistinct spots

K. LaunchbaughJen PetersonK. Launchbaugh

K. Launchbaugh

Western Yarrow Perennial NativeUmbrella-shaped inflorescence

rhizomatousUniversity of Idaho Stillinger Herbarium (http://www.pnwherbaria.orgBackpack Guide to Idaho Range PlantsOne of the most widespread plants found in N. America. Corymb flower. Has a lot of medicinal value because of its antibacterial properties. Range Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT13There are Western Yarrow

Widely range of occurrence Medicinal Value

deeply divided fern-like leavesJennifer PetersonJennifer PetersonJ. PetersonOne of the most widespread plants found in N. America. Corymb flower. Has a lot of medicinal value because of its antibacterial properties. Range Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT14There are Big Sagebrush Perennial Native

Leaves with 3-tipped ends

Montana State University Herbarium (http://www.pnwherbaria.orgBackpack Guide to Idaho Range PlantsRange Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT15Big SagebrushSeveral sagebrush obligate species like Sage-grouse and Sage Thrashers

Narrow wedge-shaped leaves with 3 tipsFlowers have no petals; same color as leavesRange Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT16

Coyote (Sandbar) WillowPerennialNativeK. LaunchbaughK. LaunchbaughK. Launchbaugh

University of Idaho Stillinger Herbarium (http://www.pnwherbaria.orgBritton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 594.Coyote (Sandbar) WillowImportant Riparian Plant

K. LaunchbaughK. LaunchbaughK. LaunchbaughCreosote Perennial Native

K. Launchbaugh

Leaves with 2 leafletsField Book Of Western Wild Flowers, by Margaret ArmstrongFuzzy Seeds

Utah Valley Sate College Herbarium (http://www.pnwherbaria.orgRange Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT19

CreosoteDesert ShrubLeaves with 2 leaflets

K. Launchbaugh

Yellow flowers withhairy seedsK. LaunchbaughRange Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT20

Deerbrush Perennial NativeField Book Of Western Wild Flowers, by Margaret ArmstrongLeaves have 3 main veinsUniversity of Idaho Stillinger Herbarium (http://www.pnwherbaria.orgRange Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT21

DeerbrushChaparral ShrubSclerophyllous leaves

www.blm.govRange Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT22

Honey Mesquite Perennial Native

Utah Valley State College Herbarium (http://www.pnwherbaria.orgPinately Compound LeavesBritton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 333Range Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT23Honey Mesquite Legume Shrub of SW Desert

Nutritious Seed Pods Range Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT24Juniper Perennial Native

University of Idaho Stillinger Herbarium (http://www.pnwherbaria.orgLeaves look like overlapping scalesBackpack Guide to Idaho Range PlantsRange Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT25JuniperInvasive on rangelands Important winter wildlife habitat

Evergreen (non-deciduous)Jen PetersonRange Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT26

SaltcedarPerennialIntroduced as ornamental

K. LaunchbaughK. LaunchbaughK. Launchbaugh

Utah Valley State College Herbarium (http://www.pnwherbaria.orgSaltcedarIntroduced as ornamentalHighly invasive riparian plant.

K. LaunchbaughK. LaunchbaughK. LaunchbaughShadscale Saltbrush

Perennial NativeIdaho Rangeland Resource Commission drawing by Beverly Jaquish

Alternate leavesUniversity of Idaho Stillinger Herbarium (http://www.pnwherbaria.orgRange Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT29

Shadscale SaltbrushMajor plant of salt-desert shrub region

Ovate or obovate leaves; circular like a rounded scaleRange Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT30

Winterfat Perennial NativeSuffrutescent (half-shrub) that dies back to woody base each seasonBackpack Guide to Idaho Range PlantsUniversity of Idaho Stillinger Herbarium (http://www.pnwherbaria.orgRange Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT31WinterfatImportant half-shrubfor winter forage value

Enrolled leaf marginHairy leaf surfaceRange Plants -- OBJ 3: PPT32