プライミング効果の発達的検討(1)kiyou.lib.agu.ac.jp/pdf/kiyou_03F/03_8_1F/03__8_73.pdfプライミング効果の発達的検討(1)...

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Transcript of プライミング効果の発達的検討(1)kiyou.lib.agu.ac.jp/pdf/kiyou_03F/03_8_1F/03__8_73.pdfプライミング効果の発達的検討(1)...

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    Collins, A. M. , & Loftus, E. F. 1975 A spreadingactivationtheory of semantic processing. Psychological Review, 82,

    407-428.

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    -76-

  • Bulletin ofThe Faculty ofPsychological & Physical Science, No. 8, 73-77, 2012

    The Developmental Change of Priming Effect:

    A Preliminary Examination of a Priming Task by Children

    Aki AKAMINE, Fumi ITO, Masahito SAKAKIBARA, Mitsuro KIDA

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to examine developmental changes in priming effects from young children

    (preschoolers and school-aged children) to adults. Using a priming task, we investigated whether young children are able to perform the task as well as adults. Five adults (ages 33-48) and 3 children (ages 5, 7 and 8)

    were asked to complete a same-different task with visual stimuli. In the 3-prime task, a series of 3 words in the

    same category were presented successively as prime, followed by a target picre. In the l-prime task, a single

    word was presented as prime before a target picture. In both tasks, participants were required to discriminate

    whether the target picture relatd to the prime or not. In adults , reaction time (RT) to the target belonging to the

    same category was shorter in the l-prime task than in the 3-prime task. These results suggest that the amount of

    words presented as a prime may change the priming effect. Additionally, in the 3-prime task, there was a

    decrease in RT to the target belonging to the same category compared to that belonging to a different category.

    Younger children performed only the 3-prime task. Although younger children could perform the task

    accurately, only the 8-year-olds showed a result in RT similar to that ofthe adults.

    -77