1881 Iowa Settlers Manual - Making
Embed Size (px)
Transcript of 1881 Iowa Settlers Manual - Making
THE HOMESTEAD MANUALVALUABLE INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE REUTINd PRINCIPALLY
PRESENTED TO EACH NEW SUBSCRIBER FOR THE IOWA HOMESTEAD.
CAREFULLY PREPARED FROM
THE BEST AUTHORITIES
OF THE IOWA HOM^^C-^OlGHr 6 leai Sc'^DE8 MOINEB, IOWA
PUBLISHED BY THE HOMESTEAD COMP^^Y,1881.
144remain half anliour.
THE HOMESTEAD MANUAL.Take weakit
as will cover the yarn,
a boil; take the yarn out of the copperas-water
one half an hour; then put
into the lye one-half hour; repeat the
process until the color
hard water, then in
hard soap-suds, soak one hour, and afterward wash in hard water.Coloring Cotton Blue.
Take two pounds of copperas, one-half pound of prussiate of potash, oil of vitrol. Dissolve the copperas in enough water to cover the goods, and scald two hours. Take out the goods and rinse in cold water; then empty the kettle and put in fresh soft water, sufficient toone poundcover the goods well; add the prussiate of potash, put in the goods andboiloil
then take out the goods and to the liquor add the
of vitrol and stir well.
goods again and
until the color is as dark as is desired.
in cold water.
Copper and Brass Kettles, Used for Dyeing, to Clean. you have been dyeing any color in your copper or brass boiler, itquently tinged with the dye used;it is oil
therefore customary to cleanof vitriol and water, a littleit
these utensils with a small quantity offine
sand or ashes, and a coarse flannel cloth; rubbed quite dry.
must afterwards be
CEMENTS.For Fastening Blades,chalk1,
2 parts, preparedis filled
powdered and mixed.
of the blade
the powder, the lower end of the iron heated and pressed
Black, for Bottles.resin
pitch hardened by the addition of
and brick-dust.in the east for uniting jewels, glass
Cement usedin just as
solve 5 or 6 pieces of
mastic, each about the size of a large pea,
spirit as will render it liquid.;
Soften some isinglass by
a 2-ounce vial of strong glue, to
of it in good which must be
added two small
rubbing until they are
THE HOMESTEAD MANUAL.
tigtly recommended by a cor-
respondent of the Boston Journal of Chemistry. Take 10 parts by measure of litharge, 10 parts of plaster of Paris, 10 parts of dry whitesand, 1 part of finely powdered resin, and
mix them, when wantedoil.
use into a pretty
putty with boiled linseed
wood, stone, metal, or glass, and hardens under water.for marine aquaria, asit resists
It is also
the action of salt water.it
It is better
not to use the tank until three days after
has been made.
For Repairing Fractured Bodies of all Kinds.ground upon a slab with linseedair,
varnish, and kept out of contact ofkinds.
cement capable of repairing fractured bodies of a few weeks to harden. When stone or iron
are t be
cemented together, a compound of equal parts of sulphur with pitchanswers very well.
liquid of the consistency of molasses.
This will join wood so stronglyis
even resist the continual flexion of a bow, as
in Japan, China,
and the East Indies.spears,to
this composition is
for bows, and
fluid is thinly
smeared over each faceThisalso used to
be united, a thin piece of muslin interposed,is
and the whole being pressed tightly together,is
left to the
and fancy ornaments.the finest powder;
thin piece of muslin, then wet the edges of the broken china with the
white of an egg, dust some lime on
and join immediately.excellent
For Cisterns and Casks.cisterns
cement for rendering
and water-casks tight
made by incorporating thoroughly eightThis
parts of melted glue, of the consistency used by carpenters, with four parts of linseedoil,
boiled into varnish with litharge.
hardens in about forty-eight hours, and renders the joints of woodencisterns
A compound of glue,
weight of Venice turpentine, made as above, serves to
glass, metal and wood to one another. Fresh-made cheese curd, and old skim-milk cheese, boiled in water to a slimy consistence, dis-
solved in a solution of bicarbonate of potash, are said to form a good
THE HOMESTEAD MANUAL.The gluten of wheat,well prepared,
cement for glass and porcelain.is also
of eggs, with jQour and water well mixed,
and smeared over linensmall apparatus.
forms a ready lute for steam joints in
Cement, Alabaster and Plaster. Ornaments of alabaster or may be joined together by means of a little white of egg, thickfinely
ened with finely powdered quick-lime, or by a mixture of newly baked
powdered plaster of Paris, mixed up with the least possible
quantity of water.
egg thickened with finely powdered quickglass, china, marble, alabaster, spar
It does not resist moisture.
GtErman Cement An excellent cement for glass or earthenware is made as follows: Take two parts gum shellac and one part Veniceturpentine; fuse together in an iron pot; and,into sticks.
wanted for use, melt near a gentle heat.
be taken, while fusing the material to keep the vessel closed, as the turpentineis
two parts litharge and one part each of
unslacked lime and
pulverize separately, and mix.
wet up with old drying
Cement to Mend Iron Pots and Pans.phur and onepart,
two parts of
by weight, ofit
black lead; put the sulphur in an
old iron pan, holding
until it begins to melt, then add the
lead; stir well until all is
mixed and melted; then pour out on an iron
break into small pieces.the same
cient quantity of this being placed
upon the crack of the iron potin
mended, can be soldered with a hot ironsolders his sheets.rivet in it
a small hole in the pot, drive a copper
and then solder
over with this cement.
Cement for Leather.common
mixture of India rubber and shellac
varnish makes a very adhesive leather cement.isinglass, with a little
strong solution of
excellent cemeat for leather.
shoemakers for invisible
it, makes an The following is the compound used by repairing: To ten parts bisulphide carbon and
diluted alcohol added to
THE HOMESTEAD MANUAL.
one part spirits turpentine add enougli gutta percha to make a tough, The surface to be joined must be perfectly free thicklv flowing liquid,
from grease, whichpressure
apply a hot iron for a time.
accomplished by laying a cloth upon them and The coat is applied to both surfaces, and
the joints are dry.
Cement for Petroleum Lamps.
for attaching the brass works to petroleum lamps
cement particularlaly adapted is made by Puscher,
by boiling three parts resin with one of caustic soda and five of water. The composition is then mixed with half its weight of plaster of Parisand set firmly in halfto three-quarters of
It is said to be of
great adhesive power, and not permeable to petroleum, a low conductor Zinc white, white of heat, and but superficially attacked by hot water.lead, or p