1836 The Tough Year Texan Military ï· Sam Houston was named commander-in-chief of the...
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1836The Tough Year
Texan MilitarySam Houston was named commander-in-chief of the Texas Armythe Texas Navy was created to protect the coast and to attack Mexican ships.
Meanwhile President Santa Anna and 6,000 Mexican soldiers marched north towards Texas, bent on revenge
The Mexican Army advances
By February 1836, Santa Anna was crossing the Rio Grande marching towards San AntonioGeneral Jos de Urrea approached from Matamoros towards Goliad
The Battle of the AlamoOn February 24, 1836 Santa Anna ordered his forces to begin firing on the Alamo. That day William Travis wrote a famous letter To the People of Texas and All Americans to plea for help.
Juan Seguin delivered Travis letter to Houston asking for reeinforcement.
The Battle of the AlamoOn March 6, 1836, Santa Anna launched his assault on the Alamo after 13 days of siege.Texas artillery, under the command of Col. William B. Travis, held the advancing Mexicans off briefly, but they regrouped and eventually overwhelmed the Alamo defenders and poured into the mission by the hundreds.
After a few hours, all the 189 defenders and 600Mexicans were dead..Santa Anna spared the women, children, and a slave named Joe.
Santa Anna felt that the defeat of the Alamo would end the Texas Revolution, but it only convinced the Texans to fight harder.
Goliad MassacreGeneral Urrea was moving up the coastline and defeated many Texan troops on his march to Refugio and Goliad.
While General Urrea fought with Fannins troops stationed in Refugio, Fannin received orders from Sam Houston to retreat to Victoria.
Fannin decided to wait for his troops in Refugio to return before obeying Houston, but those soldiers had been either killed or captured by General Urrea
FanUrrea finally met at the battle of Coleto, where Fannin was wounded.
Goliad Massacre, cont.The Texan prisoners were marched back to Goliad where they stayed for a week.General Urrea wanted to keep them as prisoners of war, but Santa Anna ordered him to execute them all.
Convention of 1836The Convention of 1836 was held at Washington-on-the-Brazos to vote on Independence.George Childress was the main author who drafted the Declaration of Independence. Lorenzo de Zavala, a former Mexican official who fled to Texas, also signed the Declaration, designed the
The Texas ArmySam Houston was the leader of the Texas Army800 soldiersHe led his men east in a retreat starting on March 11, 1836He used this time to train his soldiersOn April 20 his army camped at the San Jacinto River
The Mexican ArmyAntonio Lopez de Santa Anna was the leader of the Mexican Army1300 soldiersAfter the Alamo Santa Anna divided the Mexican Army and chased the Texas Army eastSanta Anna finally caught up with Houston at the San Jacinto River near Harrisburg
The Day Before the BattleThere was a cavalry skirmish on April 20, between Texas and Mexican soldiersDisaster was avoided when Mirabeau B. Lamar heroically saved the Texas commanderLamar was promoted to commander of the Texas Cavalry
The Morning of April 21Sam Houston sent Erastus Deaf Smith, a scout for the Texas Army, to destroy Vinces BridgeThis trapped the two armies at San Jacinto
The Battle of San JacintoAt 3:00 on the afternoon of April 21, while Santa Annas troops are resting, Houston orders the attackThe Texas battle cry was Remember the Alamo! Remember Goliad!
The Battle of San Jacinto
The Battle of San Jacinto
The Outcome of the BattleThe battle lasted about 18 minutes2 Texans were killed and 30 were wounded (7 later died of their wounds)630 Mexicans were killed and 730 were captured including Santa Anna