16 Basic Desires

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    16 BASIC DESIRE THEORY OF

    MOTIVATION

    Latest theory of motivation

    Gained popularity in recent

    years

    Proposed by Steven Reiss in

    1998, a leading professor inohio state university of

    medicine.

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    STORY BEHIND THIS THEORY

    This man cheated death in1995.

    Got a serious problem in liverbut managed to survive aftera series of painful medicalpractises.

    Got d stimuli to propose thistheory.

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    THE PLEASURE PRINICIPLE

    Many psychologists have assumed that human behaviour is

    guided by desire to feel good.

    They are called pleasure theorists orhedonists.

    Steven Reiss oppose this idea.

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    THEN WHAT DRIVES USuu. Plato ------------------------- curiousity

    Sigmund Freud------------- sex/libido

    Alfred adler----------------- superiority

    William james and william mc dougall proposedthe principles ofpsychology with a list of basic instinctual desires.

    Saving, construction, curiousity, exhibition, family, hunting,order, play, sex, shame, pain, herd(social contact), vengeance.

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    THEN CAME ABRAHAM MASLOWuu..

    Abraham Maslow, was the first person to come out

    with a satisfying motivation theory,with a look of

    human nature primarily from a motivational perspective.

    Steven Reiss appreciates Maslow for this approach.

    What he did is extended his idea with a list of 16basic desires

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    LETS LOOK INTO OUR THEORY

    All desires are trait motive.

    This theory guide us towardsvalue based happiness(and notfeel good happiness).

    A bridge between philosophy and psychology.

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    A table of basic desires

    Basic desire Associated emotion Behaviour

    Power Competence, influence Leadership, achievement

    Independence Freedom Self reliance

    Curiousity wonderment Truth seeking, problem

    solving

    Acceptance Self confidence Assertive behaviour

    order Security, stability Makes many rules, clean,

    perfect, compulsive

    saving Ownership Collecting, frugality

    Honor Loyalty Character, morality,

    principled behaviour

    Idealism Compassion , sense of

    justice

    Social causes, fair play

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    A table of basic desires(contd.)

    Basic desire Associated emotion Behaviour

    Social contact Happiness, belonging Party, join groups, clubs

    Family love Parent, homemaker

    Status Self importance Concern with reputation,

    showing off

    Vengeance Anger, hate Revenge

    Romance Lust, appreciation of

    beauty

    Sex, courting

    Eating Hunger Eating ,dining, cooking

    Physical exercise Vitality Physical activity,

    participatory sports

    Tranquility Safety, sense of peace Avoid stressful situations

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    WHERE IS DESIRE OF SURVIVAL,

    KNOWING GOD, AND WEALTH?

    Steven Reiss questions

    why u want to live?

    why u need wealth?

    what drives you towards god?

    The answer for all these questions is hidden within thosesixteen desires!

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    THE SEVENTEENTH DESIREuu?

    System of 16 basic desires theory is a scientific theory.

    For anyone who are interested in adding 17th

    desire.->It must be valued intrinsically rather than its effects

    on something else.

    ->must have explanatory significance.->must be largely unconnected to the 16 basic desires.

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    MARLON BRANDO AS GODFATHER

    High power , order,

    honor, status.

    Low-eating, tranqulity

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    AL PACINO AS SCARFACE

    High- power,

    independence, family ,

    romance, vengeance.

    Low-honor, tranquility.

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    VEERU IN RAAVAN

    High sex, vengeance,

    honor.

    Low- tranquility.

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    HARRISON FORD AS INDIANA

    JONES

    High- curiousity, honor,

    physical activity.

    Low-acceptance,

    tranquility.

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    LEGENDARY HERO -ZORRO

    High honor ,

    independence ,

    romance.

    Low- tranquility.

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    SHAHID AS SCOUNDRELS IN

    KAMINEY

    High- saving

    Low- order, honor .

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    CHE GUEVERA

    High honor

    Low-romance, power,

    saving.

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    MGR AS AAYIRTHIL ORUVAN

    High-order,

    independence, physical

    exercise, honor.

    Low-saving, power.

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    VANDIYA DEVAN IN PONNIYIN

    SELVAN

    High- honor, romance,

    tranquility.

    Low- power.

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    LEAD ROLE IN NAAN MAHAN

    ALLA

    High- vengeance, family.

    Low- order, idealism,

    saving.

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    KUMAR IN PUDHUPETTAI

    High- power, sex, family.

    Low- honor, idealism.

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    GANDHIJI

    High- idealism, honor,

    independence.

    Low- physical exercise.

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    KABIR KHAN IN CHAK DE INDIA

    High- honor,

    acceptance, order.

    Low- tranquility.

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    SRK as Don

    High-power,

    vengenance, sex.

    Low- family, honor.

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    FLETCHER IN DASAVATHARAM

    High power, sex.

    Low- family, idealism.

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    LEAD ROLE IN THE SAME FILM

    High-honor, idealism.

    Low- physical exercise,

    tranquility.

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    DEVA IN AYAN

    High curiousity,

    honor, vengeance.

    Low-saving, order.

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    RAJINI AS BABA

    High- curiousity,

    idealism, power.

    Low-saving, order,

    romance.

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    FICTIONAL CHARACTER AGENT

    47

    High vengeance, physical

    activity.

    Low-family,sex.

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    LASTLY- THE ABSOLUTE IDIOT

    Thanks to Steven

    Reiss, our sir, and

    to you all for yourpatience.

    (And please dont ask anyquestionsyeah I have

    high tranquility!)