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Transcript of 14738700 Ar Kanzo Tange

25 /06/2012

JAPANESE ARCHITECT KENZO TANGE 1

25 /06/2012

GROUP 9 MEMBERSNAME SHAWUL GULILAT BILISUMA DEREJE TULU NIGGUSIE REDIAT BIRHANU ID RET/3002/03 RET/640 /03 RET/ /03 RET/ /03 SEC B B B B

SUBMITTED TO INS. GEMECHIS A.JAPANESE ARCHITECT KENZO TANGE

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Nationality - Japan

Kanzo Tange

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Kanzo TangeContentsLife and time Profession Influences Philosophy Famous quotes Major works Contribution and achievements bibliography

Saint mary churchJAPANESE ARCHITECT KENZO TANGE 4

1.0 Life and Time1.1 Born:Imabari , Shikoku. September 4, 1931

1.2 Died :March 22, 2005

1.3 Education:High School In Hiroshima Graduated in Architecture Courses from Tokyo Imperial University in 1938. In 1942, he returned back to the University for Graduate Course.

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1.4 Profession: He seeked employment in 1938 in the

office of Kunio Maekawa for 4 yrs. Werkbund.

While being in office, he joined Japanese In 1946, he accepted professorship in

Tokyo University.

In 1949 ,he began his successful private practice. By 1957, Tange and Asso. Adopted firm name KENZO TANGE AND URTEC(derived from urbanist architecture) (CIAM)JAPANESE ARCHITECT KENZO TANGE

KANZO TANGE WITH PRIME-MINISTER LEE KUANG IN 1972

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1.5 Influences: People/Places/Art & Architectural Movements/ Period & Architectural Style His first mentor, Maekawa, developing

International Style and Bauhaus Principles under him. Antonin Raymond in Japan and office of Le Corb

while working on Villa Savoye and Swiss Pavilion. Western Renaissance Architecture, especially

Michelangelo.

He developed strong sense of greatness of Rome

and Greece and developed a concept of Communication Space. (CIAM)

Congress Internationaux darchitecture Moderne

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2.0 Philosophy2.1 Architectural Theories / Styles/Principles of Ideas/Concept/Beliefs:He believed that Japanese are searching freedom of expression symbolizing new postwar society free from old technocratic regimes. He demonstrated that unique regionalism could be developed ,and recognized within the circumstance of International Style. He marked a remarked awareness of Japanese Architectural traditions expressed through a contemporary interpretation of architectural form. Concept of Communication Space. Young architects should be allowed in the lapse of flights of fantasy so that architecture may progress. Architectural expression of shift of agrarian to an industrial to an information based society must be considered Modernism.JAPANESE ARCHITECT KENZO TANGE 8

An influential protagonist of the Structuralist movement.

He believed in combining traditional Japanese styles with modernism. Influenced from an early age by the Swiss modernist, Le Corbusier Winner of the 1987 Pritzker Prize for architecture

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2.2 Famous Quotes"Architecture must have something that appeals to the human heart, but even then, basic forms, spaces and appearances must be logical. Creative work is expressed in our time as a union of technology and humanity. The role of tradition is that of a catalyst, which furthers a chemical reaction, but is no longer detectable in the end result. Tradition can, to be sure, participate in a creation, but it can no longer be creative itself. "Architecture always should be a reflection or expression of social structure... dynamic-- always advancing forward from the past to the future." ~ Kenzo Tange

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Yoyogi National Gymnasium St. Mary's Cathedral

Hiroshima Peace Monument

JAPANESE Tokyo metropolitan government building ARCHITECT KENZO TANGE

Fuji TV headquarters

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3.0 Works3.1 Major Architectural Works 3.1.1 Hiroshima Peace Memorial Building, Hiroshima

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Date: 1949 to 1956 Building Type: Museum and Community Center Construction System: Concrete Climate: humid subtropical Context: Urban

Style: Modern Notes: By competition. Simple linear mass on columns with louvered walls

Site PlanJAPANESE ARCHITECT KENZO TANGE 13

The building is raised up on pillars, its structure a framework of exposed concrete. The complex as a whole has a monumental quality. There are two secondary buildings, one on either side It consists of an auditorium, a hotel, an exhibition gallery, a library, offices and a conference center to the west, and an assembly hall with capacity for 2,500 people to the east Together they form a kind of screen for the square of Peace, which extends to the north, in which up to 50,000 people can congregate around the monument to Peace. The monument...in the form of a hyperbolic parabola, brings together modern tendencies and techniques and the ancient form of the Haniwa, the traditional tombs of the rulers of old Japan.

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ContentsA Bomb Dome Statue of a bomb Children Atomic Bomb Memorial Mound Cenotaph for Korean Victims Memorial Cenotoph Peace Flame Peace Bell Hiroshima National Peace Memorial Hall for Atomic Bomb Victims Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum Peace Gates Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony

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The A Bomb DomeIt is the skeletal ruins of the former Industrial Promotion Hall. It is the building closest to the hypocenter of the nuclear bomb that remained at least partially standing. It was left how it was after the bomb in memory of the bombing. It is probably the most well-known symbol of the park.

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The Statue of the A-Bomb Children.It is dedicated to the memory of the children who died as a result of the bombing. The statue is of a girl Sadako Sasaki, with outstretched arms with a crane rising above her.

Atomic Bomb Memorial Mound.The Atomic Bomb Memorial Mound is a large, grass-covered knoll It contains the ashes of 70,000 unidentified victims of the bomb

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The Hiroshima Peace Memorial MuseumIt is the primary museum in the park dedicated to educating visitors about the bomb. The Museum has exhibits and information covering the build up to war, the role of Hiroshima in the war up to the bombing, and extensive information on the bombing and its effects, along with substantial memorabilia and pictures from the bombing. The building also offers some marvelous views of the Memorial Cenotaph, Peace Flame, and A-Bomb

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The Memorial Cenotaph.Near the center of the park is a concrete, saddle-shaped monument that covers a Cenotaph holding the names of all of the people killed by the bomb. The Cenotaph carries the epitaph, "Repose ye in Peace, for the error shall not be repeated." Through the monument you can see the Peace Flame and the A-Bomb Dome.

Hiroshima National Peace Memorial HallThe Hall of Remembrance which contains a a 360 degree panorama of the destroyed Hiroshima recreated using 140,000 tiles the number of people estimated to have died from the bomb by the end of 1945.JAPANESE ARCHITECT KENZO TANGE 19

3.1.2 St. Mary's Cathedral, Tokyo,Japan

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Date: 1963 Building Type: Church Construction System: Concrete Climate: Temperate Context: Urban Style: Modern Notes: Up-sweeping hyperbolic paraboloid roofs.

An Interior View

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CommentsThe plan of the building is in the form of a cross, from which the walls, eight hyperbolic parabolas, rise up at an angle. These open upwards to form a cross of light which continues vertically the length of the four facades. To this rhomboid volume other secondary constructions are added. their rectangular volumes contrasting with the symbolic character of the cathedral with which they communicate by way of pathways and platforms.

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The bell tower is 60 m in height and stands at a little distance from the cathedral proper, whose interior is finished in exposed concrete. The exterior surfaces are clad in stainless steel, which gives them a special radiance in keeping with the religious character of the building." The baptistery and the baptismal font are among these secondary buildings.

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3.1.3 Fuji Broadcasting Center. Tokyo , Japan

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Date: circa 1990 Building Type:broadcasting center, commercial offices

Construction System: metal cladding Climate: Temperate Context: Urban Style: Modern, Neo-Metabolist Notes: Square tubes and blocks mega structure with sphere.

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Plan - Fuji Broadcasting Center Tokyo, JapanJAPANESE ARCHITECT KENZO TANGE 26

Interior ViewsJAPANESE ARCHITECT KENZO TANGE 27

3.1.5 The National Gymnasium de Yoyogi (Tokyo)Twin gymnasiums designed for the 1964 Tokyo Olympics

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Kanzo tangeDesigned - National Gymnasium Complex for use in the 1964 Olympic Games.At the beginning of the 1970's with a theme of "Human Progress and Harmony," Tange undertook the architectural design for EXPO '70 and the Festival Plaza, completed in late

1966. CABLE

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National Gymnasiums for Tokyo Olympics Tokyo, Japan 1964 Site area: 34,204m2 Floor area: 910,000m2Floors: 2 aboveground 2 underground (Main building) 1 underground 2 aboveground (A