(12) United States Patent (10) Patent No.: US .(73) Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.,

Click here to load reader

download (12) United States Patent (10) Patent No.: US .(73) Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.,

of 14

  • date post

    04-Sep-2018
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    212
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of (12) United States Patent (10) Patent No.: US .(73) Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.,

  • USOO8429961 B2

    (12) United States Patent (10) Patent No.: US 8,429,961 B2 Irani et al. (45) Date of Patent: Apr. 30, 2013

    (54) WIRELINE CONVEYED SINGLE PHASE (58) Field of Classification Search ........................ None FLUID SAMPLINGAPPARATUS AND See application file for complete search history. METHOD FOR USE OF SAME

    (56) References Cited (75) Inventors: Cyrus A. Irani, Houston, TX (US);

    Scott L. Miller, Highland Village, TX U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS (US); Paul David Ringgenberg, Frisco, 3,611,799 A 10/1971 Davis TX (US); Luis Rubio Faria, Recreio dos 4,570,481 A 2f1986 McLaurin Bandeirants (BR); Josana Silva (Continued) Andrade, Granja dos Cavaleiros (BR): Pedro Varela, San Marcos (BR) FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS

    EP O534732 9, 1993 (73) Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc., GB 2348222 9, 2000

    Houston, TX (US) WO O163093 8, 2001 WO 2004O99564 11, 2004

    (*) Notice: Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this OTHER PUBLICATIONS patent is extended or adjusted under 35 Competitor Product Update, Schlumberger DST Sampling Sys U.S.C. 154(b) by 345 days. NSA. Rail but Admitted Art). pling Sy

    (21) Appl. No.: 13/008,764 (Continued)

    (22) Filed: Jan. 18, 2011 Primary Examiner Robert R Raevis (74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm Lawrence R. Youst

    (65) Prior Publication Data

    US 2011/0174068 A1 Jul. 21, 2011 (57) ABSTRACT O O An apparatus (10) for obtaining fluid samples in a Subterra

    Related U.S. Application Data nean well (14). The apparatus (10) includes a wireline con (63) Continuation-in-part of application No. 11/951,946, Veyance (22) and a fluid sampler (12) Supported by and posi

    filed on Dec. 6, 2007, now Pat. No. 7,874,206, which is tioned with the wireline conveyance (22) in the well (14). The a continuation-in-part of application No. 1 1/702, 810, fluid sampler (12) includes an actuator (24) operable to estab filed on Feb. 6, 2007, now Pat. No. 7,472,589, which is lish a fluid communication path between an exterior and an a continuation-in-part of application No. 11/438,764, interior of the fluid sampler (12), a plurality of sampling filed on May 23, 2006, now Pat. No. 7,596,995, which chambers (26) operable to receive fluid samples therein and a is a continuation-in-part of application No. self-contained pressure source (28) in fluid communication 11/268,311, filed on Nov. 7, 2005, now Pat. No. 7, with the sampling chambers (26) operable to pressurize the 197,923. fluid samples obtained in the sampling chambers (26) to a

    pressure above Saturation pressure, thereby preventing phase (51) Int. Cl. change degradation for the fluid samples during retrieval of

    E2IB 49/00 (2006.01) the fluid sampler (12) to the surface. (52) U.S. Cl.

    USPC ....................................................... 73/152.23 37 Claims, 5 Drawing Sheets

    102 134 104 138 16 132 146

    144 142 128 116

  • US 8,429,961 B2 Page 2

    U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS 7, 195,063 B2 * 3/2007 Nogueira et al. ............. 166,264 7,197.923 B1 4/2007 Wright et al.

    is: A 38. singenberg 7,243,536 B2 * 7/2007 Bolze et al. ................ T3,152.24 ing 7,246,664 B2 7/2007 Shammai et al. 4,787,447 A 11, 1988 Christensen

    4,878.538 A 11, 1989 Chri 7,258,167 B2 8, 2007 Shammai et al. sy sy rStensen 7.367.394 B2 * 5/2008 Villareal et al. .............. 166,264

    4,883,123 A 11, 1989 Zunkel et al. 7,380,599 B2 6/2008 Fields et al. 4,903,765 A 2f1990 Zunkel 7,395,712 B2 7/2008 Irani et al. 4,928,541 A 5/1990 Toon et al. ................. 73,864.63 7,428,925 B2 9, 2008 Brown et al. 5,009, 100 A 4, 1991 Gruber et al. 7,430,965 B2 10/2008 Walker 5,058,674. A 10, 1991 Schultz et al. 7,472,589 B2 1/2009 Irani et al. 5,230,244 A 7, 1993 Gilbert 7,596,995 B2 10/2009 Irani et al. 5,240,072 A 8, 1993 Schultz et al. 7.621,325 B2 11/2009 Shammai et al. 5,329,811 A 7, 1994 Schultz et al. 7,673,506 B2 3/2010 Irani et al. 5,368,100 A 11, 1994 Lewandowski et al. 7,762,130 B2 7/2010 Irani et al. 5,540,280 A 7, 1996 Schultz et al. 7,874,206 B2 1/2011 Irani et al. 5,687,791 A 11/1997 Becket al. 7.946,166 B2 5, 2011 Irani et al. 5,934,374. A 8, 1999 Hrametz et al. 7,967,067 B2 6/2011 Irani et al. 6,065,355 A 5, 2000 Schultz 2004/OOO3657 A1 1/2004 Manke et al. 6,073,698 A 6, 2000 Schultz et al. 2005, 018361.0 A1 8, 2005 Barton et al. 6,182,753 B1 2/2001 Schultz 2005/0205301 A1 9, 2005 Irani etal 6,182,757 B1 2/2001 Schultz 6,189,392 B1 2/2001 Schultz OTHER PUBLICATIONS 6, 192,984 B1 2/2001 Schultz 6,301.959 B1 10/2001 Hrametz et al. Schlumberger, PVT Express, Accurate, mobile fluid analysis ser 6,439,307 B1 8/2002 Reinhardt vice; (Oct. 2005). 6,491,104 B1 12/2002 Willie et al. Schlumberger, MDT Single-phase sampling; (2006). 6,622,554 B2 9, 2003 Manke et al. & 8 OTC 18201, Advances in Fluid Sampling with Formation Testers for 6,668,924 B2 12/2003 Bolze et al. Offshore Exploration: (2006 6,722, 194 B2 4/2004 Malard et al. shore Exploration"; (2006). 6,748,843 B1 6, 2004 Barker et al. Schlumberger MDT drawing, "Single Phase Multisample Chamber': 6,907,797 B2 6/2005 DiFoggio (Undated but Admitted Prior Art). 7,083,009 B2 8, 2006 Paluchet al. EP International Search Report dated Aug. 29, 2007. International 7,090,012 B2 8, 2006 Hill et al. Application No. 07252099.2-1266; (Aug. 29, 2007). 7,128,144 B2 10/2006 Fox et al. 7,140,436 B2 11/2006 Grant et al. * cited by examiner

  • U.S. Patent Apr. 30, 2013 Sheet 2 of 5 US 8,429,961 B2

    52

    SN N & N (s

    (2 Ka

    % 2 %

    &z3

    88

    94

  • US 8,429,961 B2 Sheet 3 of 5 Apr. 30, 2013 U.S. Patent

    SE-ERSS( -EEEEE| SNSN NOES, ```` NSN:

    SERERS( SL, LJN` ) s?>>>>>>>>>>>>>>**>)+zzzzzzzzzzzz!!!!!!!!!!! _______) Zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz-rzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz ??E N SN

  • US 8,429,961 B2 Sheet 4 of 5 Apr. 30, 2013 U.S. Patent

    eN eN

    200

    ?

    SSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSN N

    200

    Fig.6B

    200

    1O

    202

    eN

    N`f, No.s

  • US 8,429,961 B2 Sheet 5 of 5 Apr. 30, 2013 U.S. Patent

    N ?!!!!!!!!!! [XLON LIAL(V) NALN) NALINDNIK >>(NCS)ZZZZZZZZZZZ SSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSS &

  • US 8,429,961 B2 1.

    WRELINE CONVEYED SINGLE PHASE FLUID SAMPLINGAPPARATUS AND METHOD FOR USE OF SAME

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

    This is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 11/951,946, filed Dec. 6, 2007, which is a continuation-in part of application Ser. No. 11/702,810, filed Feb. 6, 2007 now U.S. Pat. No. 7,472,589 issued Jan. 6, 2009, which is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 1 1/438,764, filed May 23, 2006 now U.S. Pat. No. 7,596,995 issued Oct. 6, 2009, which is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 11/268,311, filed Nov. 7, 2005, now U.S. Pat. No. 7,197,923 issued Apr. 3, 2007.

    TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION

    This invention relates, in general, to testing and evaluation of Subterranean formation fluids and, in particular, to a wire line conveyed single phase fluid sampling apparatus for obtaining multiple fluid samples and maintaining the fluid samples above Saturation pressure using a self-contained pressure source during retrieval from the wellbore.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

    Without limiting the scope of the present invention, its background is described with reference to testing hydrocar bon formations, as an example.

    It is well known in the subterranean well drilling and completion art to perform tests on formations intersected by a wellbore. Such tests are typically performed in order to deter mine geological or other physical properties of the formation and fluids contained therein. For example, parameters such as permeability, porosity, fluid resistivity, temperature, pressure and Saturation pressure may be determined. These and other characteristics of the formation and fluid contained therein may be determined by performing tests on the formation before the well is completed. One type of testing procedure that is commonly performed

    is to obtain a fluid sample from the formation to, among other things, determine the composition of the formation fluids. In this procedure, it is important to obtain a sample of the for mation fluid that is representative of the fluids as they exist in the formation. In a typical sampling procedure, a sample of the formation fluids may be obtained by lowering a sampling tool having a sampling chamber into the wellbore on a con Veyance Such as a wireline, slick line, coiled tubing, jointed tubing or the like. When the sampling tool reaches the desired depth, one or more ports are opened to allow collection of the formation fluids. The ports may be actuated in variety of ways Such as by electrical, hydraulic or mechanical methods. Once the ports are opened, formation fluids travel through the ports and a sample of the formation fluids is collected within the sampling chamber of the sampling tool. After the sample has been collected, the sampling tool may be withdrawn from the wellbore so that the formation fluid sample may be analyzed.

    It has been found, however, that as the fluid sample is retrieved to the surface, the temperature of the fluid sample decreases causing shrinkage of the fluid sample and a reduc tion in the pressure of the fluid sample. These changes can cause the fluid sample to reach or drop below saturation pressure creating the possibility of asphaltene deposition and flashing of entrained gasses present in the fluid sample. Once Such a process occurs, the resulting fluid sample is no longer

    10

    15

    25

    30

    35

    40

    45

    50

    55

    60

    65

    2 representative of the fluids present in the formation. There fore, a need has arisen for an apparatus and