1084 Working with ACRYLITE Sheet

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Transcript of 1084 Working with ACRYLITE Sheet

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  • ContentsIntroduction ......................................................... 1Characteristics of ACRYLITE acrylic sheet . ........ 2Cleaning ............................................................... 3Masking ............................................................... 4Some general hints ................................................ 5Cutting ACRYLITE acrylic sheet ............................ 6Cutting with a knife or scriber .................................. 6Cutting with power saws ......................................... 7Cutting with hand saws ........................................... 8Routing and shaping .............................................. 9Turning ................................................................. 9Drilling ACRYLITE acrylic sheet ...........................10Finishing ACRYLITE acrylic sheet ........................11

    Scraping ..............................................................11Filing ...................................................................11Sanding...............................................................12Polishing .............................................................13Forming ACRYLITE acrylic sheet .........................15Forming with a strip heater .....................................15Other forming techniques .......................................17Joining ACRYLITE acrylic sheet...........................18Preparation of the joint ..........................................18Capillary cementing ..............................................19Dip or soak cementing ...........................................20Viscous cementing ...............................................21Glazing with ACRYLITE acrylic sheet ...................22

  • ACRYLITE acrylic sheet. . .CYRO Industries acrylicsheet. . . is a remarkably versatile material. It is strong,lightweight, and transparent. Use it to replace glass inwindows and partitions. It can be colored, textured, andis easy to work witha designers or hobbyists delight.

    Work with it. Get to know it. Be creative. And dontrestrict yourself to other peoples designs. Your new usemay be the best use yet.

    ACRYLITE acrylic sheet is offered in severalversions: ACRYLITE GP cell cast acrylic sheet isavailable in more than 200 colors, thicknesses rangingfrom 0.060" to 2.0" (1.5 mm to 48 mm) and in sheetsizes from 36" x 48" (900 mm x 1200 mm) to 72" x 120"(1800 mm x 3000 mm).

    ACRYLITE FF acrylic sheet is available incolorless, bronze shades, opaque colors, sign colorsand textures; in thicknesses ranging from 0.050" to 1"(1.25 mm to 24 mm) and in sheet sizes up to 75" x100" (1900 mm x 2540 mm). Larger sizes availableupon request.

    ACRYLITE AR and ACRYLITE GAR acrylic

    sheet offer the excellent optical quality and ease offabrication inherent in ACRYLITE acrylic sheet with theadded benefit of an abrasion and chemical resistantcoating on one or both sides.

    Working with ACRYLITE acrylic sheet is easy andfunno more difficult than wood, and a lot moreversatile. Learn a few simple techniques, and you canturn out work that would please the most demandingprofessional. This booklet will tell you how.

    First... get to know your materialACRYLITE acrylic sheet is a high quality plastic. Its

    properties have led to its wide use as a replacement forglass.

    ACRYLITE acrylic sheet is:Lightweight: half the weight of glass.Break resistant: withstands many times the

    impact force of glass of similar thickness.Weather resistant: virtually unaffected by sun,

    extreme cold, salt water spray.Heat resistant: ACRYLITE GP acrylic sheet takes

    a range of temperatures from -30F (-34C) to +200F

    Do it with

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  • (93C), though it may be affected by continuoustemperatures in the 180-200F (82-93C) range.ACRYLITE FF acrylic sheet can be used attemperatures from -30F (-34C) up to +190F (88C). Itis recommended that temperatures not exceed 160F(71 C) for continuous service, or 190F (88C) for shortintermittent use.

    Colorfast: the color is continuous throughout thematerial. Colored acrylic sheets are known for theiroutstanding durability.

    Easy to work with... were going to tell you how.

    Characteristics ofACRYLITE acrylic sheet

    ACRYLITE acrylic sheet behaves differently fromother types of material. Learn what it can do. . . and whatit cant. Learn how to care for it. Youll be sure to get thebest results.

    Expansion and contraction: Like most plastics,ACRYLITE acrylic sheet responds to temperaturechanges by expanding or contracting at a far greater ratethan glass. When using ACRYLITE acrylic sheet for

    outdoor glazing, cut the sheet approximately 1/16"per running foot (or 0.5 cm per running meter) shorterthan the frame size.

    Flexibility: ACRYLITE acrylic sheet is much moreflexible than glass or many other building materials.When using large sheets for windows, it is importantthat rabbets or channels be deep enough to providesupport against high winds (see page 22, Glazing withACRYLITE).

    Electrical Properties: ACRYLITE acrylic sheet isan excellent insulator. Its surface resistively is higherthan that of most plastics. Continuous outdoor expo-sure has little effect on its electrical properties.

    Chemical Resistance: ACRYLITE acrylic sheethas excellent resistance to attack by many chemicals.It is affected, in varying degrees, by benzene, toluene,carbon tetrachloride, ethyl and methyl alcohol, lacquerthinners, ethers, ketones and esters. ACRYLITE acrylicsheet is not affected by most foods, nor are foodsaffected by it.

    ACRYLITE AR and ACRYLITE GAR abrasionresistant acrylic sheet can withstand certainchemicals which come in contact with the coated side.The following table shows how the coating offers betterprotection against certain chemicals.

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  • Light Transmission: Colorless ACRYLITE acrylicsheet has a light transmittance of 92%, which is greaterthan glass. Translucent white ACRYLITE sheet diffuseslight smoothly and evenly, so its excellent for all typesof lighting fixtures and signs. ACRYLITE sheet is alsoavailable in a large variety of transparent, translucent andopaque colors.

    Fire Precaution: ACRYLITE acrylic sheet is acombustible thermoplastic. The self-ignition temperaturerange is 830-910F. Protect it from flames and high heat.Refer to page 24 for further information.

    Cleaning: Wash ACRYLITE sheet with a mild soapor detergent and plenty of lukewarm water. Use a cleansoft cloth, applying only light pressure. Rinse with clearwater and dry by blotting with a damp cloth or chamois.

    Grease, oil or tar may be removed with a good gradeof hexane, aliphatic naphtha, or kerosene. Thesesolvents may be obtained at a paint or hardware storeand should be used in accordance with manufacturersrecommendations.

    Any oily film left behind by solvents should beremoved immediately by washing.

    Do Not Use: Window cleaning sprays, kitchencleansers, gasoline, benzene, carbon tetrachloride orlacquer thinner.

    CHEMICAL RESISTANCE

    Chemical ACRYLITE FF ACRYLITE ARsheet sheet

    Acetone < 15 min > 24 hrsEthylene Dichloride < 15 min > 24 hrsGasoline > 24 hrs > 24 hrsHydrochloric Acid > 24 hrs > 24 hrsMethyl Alcohol > 24 hrs > 24 hrsMethylene Chloride < 15 min > 24 hrsMethyl Ethyl Ketone > 15 min > 24 hrsNitric Acid < 15 min < 24 hrsSodium Hydroxide < 24 hrs > 24 hrsSulfuric Acid < 15 min > 24hrsToluene < 15 min > 24 hrsIsopropanol > 24 hrs > 24 hrsKerosene > 24 hrs > 24 hrs

    Testing for resistance to the above chemicals was conducted perASTM D 1308. Time intervals for visually inspecting the sheet surface;15 minutes, 1 hour and 24 hours. The table shows the time it took thechemical to visually attack the surface.

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  • A liquid detergent and water solution isrecommended to clean ACRYLITE AR and ACRYLITEGAR acrylic sheet. However, the following brand namecleaners have been tested and found to work well onthe coated surfaces. Use care when cleaning sincesome of these cleaners may attack the uncoated sidesor edges of the sheet.

    Fantastik household cleanerFormula 409 household cleanerMr. Clean household cleanerGlass Plus cleanerTop Job household cleanerWindex window cleaner

    Static electricity can attract dust to ACRYLITEacrylic sheet. To reduce it, use an anti-static cleanerwhich is available from your dealer. Or consider using ade-ionizing air gun.

    Masking: ACRYLITE GP acrylic sheet comescovered on both sides with a latex paper masking.ACRYLITE FF acrylic sheet comes covered with eitherlatex paper or polyethylene film masking. ACRYLITEAR and ACRYLITE GAR abrasion resistant acrylicsheet is available with latex paper masking. For allsheet types, the masking protects the sheet from

    scratching during storage and handling. Be sure toleave the masking in place during most phases offabrication and installation. Except for intricate detailwork, you should remove the masking only when yourproject is completed.

    You can remove the masking paper with acardboard tuberolling the paper around it. All maskedACRYLITE sheet should be kept away from heat andsunlight, and masking should be removed soon afterinstallation. If the adhesive has hardened, moisteningthe paper with aliphatic naphtha, hexane, or kerosenewill help soften it. Never use a knife or scraper to removemasking.

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  • Its as easy as working with woodwhen youre working with

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    Some general hints:Dos Keep masking on as long as possible through your

    fabrication operations. Wear safety glasses when working with power tools. Wear gloves when handling large sheets to prevent cuts. Use drill bits which are designed or reground for acrylics

    and carbide tipped circular sawblades and router bits. Make sure al