100th Anniversary of the Sinking of the Titanic

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  • As the 100th anniversary of the sinking of Titanic approaches it struck an iceberg on April 15, 1912 a plethora of memorials and events are planned. There are Titanic cruises that will follow the path of the ill-fated ocean liner; an exhibition at the National Geographic Museum in Washington; a touring artifact exhibit in the U.S.; the re-release of James Camerons blockbuster Titanic in 3D; an auction of items recovered from the sunken ship; a new Sea City museum in the English port of Southampton, where Titanic picked up passengers and began its final voyage; and the opening of the worlds largest Titanic experience in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

  • A poster advertises the RMS Titanic's maiden voyage. (The New York Times)

  • Workmen stand next to the screws of the RMS Titanic at a shipyard in Belfast, Northern Ireland. (The New York Times)

  • The hulls of the RMS Titanic, left, and of her sister ship, the RMS Olympic, are surrounded by construction scaffolding at a shipyard in Belfast, Northern Ireland. (The New York Times)

  • Workers leave the Harland & Wolff Shipyard in Belfast, where the Titanic was built. The ship is visible in the background of this 1911 photograph. (Harland & Wolff Collection/Cox Newspapers)

  • A 1912 advert for the Titanic. Source: Claes-Gran Wetterholms .

  • The Titanic as it left on its first & final voyage from South Hampton in 1912.Source: Library of Congress

  • The Titanic departs Belfast on April 2, 1912 for its first sea trial. Eight days later it began its maiden and final voyage. (Palm Beach Post files)

  • The Titanic shown just outside London on its fateful voyage in 1912. CP PHOTO

  • A photograph Captain Smith (second from right in front), the captain of the Titanic and all of his officers.Source: Claes-Gran Wetterholms

  • An old photograph of Captain Smith, who went down with the Titanic. Beside him, his first officer, McElroy.Source: Claes-Gran Wetterholms

  • A photograph the Titanic's coal bunkers filled with workers. This image was taken prior to the Titanic's maiden voyage. Afour pound lump of coal from boiler room No. 1, where all the firemen did their duty till the end, is on display.Source: Claes-Gran Wetterholms

  • Two views of the grand staircase between the boat deck and the promenade deck aboard the RMS Titanic in undated photos. (The New York Times)

  • First class accommodations aboard the RMS Titanic in an undated photo. (The New York Times)

  • First class accommodations aboard the RMS Titanic in undated photos. (The New York Times)

  • The menu for passengers aboard the RMS Titanic for April 14, 1912, and a second class dining room in an undated photo. (The New York Times)

  • The gymnasium aboard the RMS Titanic in an undated photo. (The New York Times)

  • A photograph the Titanic's deck for second-class passengers. This photo was taken on April 11, 1912.Source: Claes-Gran Wetterholms

  • A photograph an iceberg on the horizon. The photograph was taken from another ship just 36 hours prior to Titanic's collision with iceberg..Source: Claes-Gran Wetterholms

  • Sinking of the Titanic witnessed by survivors in lifeboats, between 2:00 and 2:20 a.m. on April 15, 1912.CP/COURTESY EVERETT COLLECTION

  • Sinking of the ocean liner the Titanic witnessed by survivors in lifeboats. May 15, 1912.CP/COURTESY EVERETT COLLECTION

  • A telegraph message from a ship called Olympic reports that it has received word from the Titanic that it has stuck an iceberg.MATT CAMPBELL/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

  • Eager to hear the latest news about the sinking of the RMS Titanic, people gather outside the offices of The New York Sun, right, on April 15, 1912.

  • April 16, 1912 front page of The New York Times. (The New York Times)

  • An iceberg, presumed to be the one that was struck by the RMS Titanic, is pictured from the deck of the cable ship Mackay-Bennett on April 15, 1912. (The New York Times)

  • Survivors of the RMS Titanic approach the RMS Carpathia on April 15, 1912. (The New York Times)

  • Lifeboats which carried survivors from the RMS Titanic are uploaded to the RMS Carpathia in the hours after the disaster. (The New York Times)

  • Survivors of the sinking of the RMS Titanic rest on the deck of the RMS Carpathia on April 15, 1912. (The New York Times)

  • Eager to hear the latest news about the sinking of the RMS Titanic, people gather outside the offices of the White Star Line in New York on April 15, 1912. (The New York Times)

  • Survivors of the sinking of the RMS Titanic rest on the deck of the RMS Carpathia on April 15, 1912. (The New York Times)

  • People gather in New York to await the arrival of survivors of the sinking of the RMS Titanic aboard the RMS Carpathia on April 18, 1912. (The New York Times)

  • Survivors of the sinking of the RMS Titanic are interviewed by reporters as they come off the RMS Carpathia in New York on April 18, 1912. (The New York Times)

  • Crew members who survived the sinking of the RMS Titanic are given dry clothing in New York on April 18, 1912. (The New York Times)

  • A poster prepared by the White Star Line's New York office to promote the RMS Titanic's return trip from New York, scheduled for April 20, 1912. (The New York Times)

  • Officers who survived the sinking of the RMS Titanic are pictured in an undated photo. From left: Fifth Officer Harold G. Lowe, Second Officer Charles H. Lightoller, Third Officer Herbert J. Pitman (seated) and Fourth Officer Joseph G. Boxhall. (The New York Times)

  • Captain Arthur Henry Rostron is presented with an award by Margaret Brown, a survivor of the RMS Titanic sinking who later came to be known as "The Unsinkable Molly Brown," in this undated photo. Rostron was honored for his efforts as commander of the RMS Carpathia, which rescued many of the Titanic survivors from the north Atlantic Ocean and ferried them to safety in New York. (The New York Times)

  • The funeral procession of John Jacob Astor IV, who died in the sinking of the RMS Titanic, enters Trinity Church Cemetery in upper Manhattan in May 1912 photo. (The New York Times)

  • A chronometer from the bridge was displayed at the Science Museum in London in 2003, and a 13-foot by 30-foot portion of the hull, with portholes that looked into first class cabins on Titanic's C deck, was part of the "Titanic: The Artifact Exhibition" at the Metreon in San Francisco in 2006. (Associated Press)

  • Some of the items found in the wreckage of the Titanic that will be auctioned April 12, 2012: a hat, glasses and a bracelet recovered from the ocean floor. (RMS Titanic, Inc., Associated Press)

  • This currency is part of the artifacts collection that will be auctioned on April 12. (Stanley Leary/Associated Press)

  • Some of the items found in the wreckage of the Titanic that will be auctioned April 12, 2012: (l-r) a ship's telegraph; a gold spoon; a cherub that once adorned the grand staircase; and a logometer for displaying the ship's speed. (RMS Titanic, Inc., Associated Press)

  • A Gladstone-style handbag, named after Queen Victorias Prime Minister William Gladstone, who was said to frequently carry this type of leather bag. The bag's turn-of-the-century tanning process repels the microorganisms that eat organic matter on the ocean floor

  • A portion of the ship's hull, known as 'The Big Piece'

  • A pocketwatch, stopped at 10:50

  • This undated family photograph shows Dr John Edward Simpson. The descendants of Dr. Simpson, who died on the Titanic, said on March 12, 2012 they are delighted that a letter he penned days before the ship sank will return to his hometown, Belfast. Simpson's family had appealed for a benefactor to buy the note, which was put up for auction in Long Island, New York. It did not meet the reserve price of $34,000, Philip Weiss Auctions said, but a buyer who did not want to be named then bought it for an undisclosed sum after hearing about the family's campaign to bring the letter to Belfast for public display. Simpson's great-nephew John Martin said the note will soon return to the Northern Irish city, where the Titanic was built. (Press Association)

  • A model of the Titanic sits beside the new $160 million Titanic Belfast visitor center in Northern Ireland on March 7, 2012. The Titanic Belfast, which will open in late March, bills itself as the the world's largest Titanic visitor experience. The center is built on a site close to the famous Harland and Wolff cranes that were used to build the Titanic, and beside the spot where the Titanic was launched in 1911. (Peter Morrison/Associated Press)

  • Brett Irwin of the Public Record Office moves old plans of Harland & Wolff ships from the 19th century in the Titanic Drawing Offices, situated close to the new Titanic Belfast. The plans for Titanic and sister ship Olympic were devised by Harland & Wolff in this building. (Peter Morrison/Associated Press)

  • The hull of a ship is displayed in the Cave area, and a worker adds the finishing touch to one of the walkways in the Titanic Belfast visitor center on March 13. (Peter Morrison/Associated Press)

  • The skylight frame, from either the grand staircase or the aft staircase, rests on the sea floor near the stern debris field of the Titanic on June 6, 2004. (Institute for Exploration/University of Rhode Island)

  • Dishes retrieved from the ocean floor stand in sand in a glass case as part of the "Titanic: The Artifact Exhibit" in Houston in