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Transcript of 1 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable James Quinn Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy U.S....

  • Slide 1
  • 1 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov James Quinn Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy in the Global Context Rio de Janeiro, Brazil August 9, 2011 U.S. Brazil Industrial Energy Efficiency Workshop
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  • 2 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov The Global Night Sky
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  • 3 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Global Consumption: Fuel Breakout Note: Chart presents total primary energy supply. Source: International Energy Agency, 2010 Key World Energy Statistics. Total World Energy Consumption, 2008 The world relies on fossil energy.
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  • 4 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Global Consumption: Sector Breakout Note: Chart presents total final energy consumption. Other sectors include agriculture/forestry, fishing, and non-specified. Source: International Energy Agency, 2008 Energy Balance for the World, accessed 14 July 2011. Total World Energy Consumption, 2008 = 334.5 quads (12.0 BTCE) World energy is used predominantly for transport, industry, and buildings.
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  • 5 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Million tons of oil equivalent (Mtoe) Global Consumption: Projected Growth Note: Chart presents total primary energy supply. *Includes international aviation and international marine bunkers. **Other includes combustible renewables & waste, geothermal, solar, wind, tide, etc. *** Based on a plausible post-2012 climate-policy framework to stabilise the concentration of global greenhouse gases at 450 ppm CO2-equivalent. Source: International Energy Agency, Key World Energy Statistics 2010. RS: Reference Scenario (based on current policies) 450 PS: 450 Policy Scenario*** (based on policies under consideration) To meet growing energy demand, global energy supply is projected to rise 40% from 2007 to 2030.
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  • 6 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Global Energy Challenges Energy efficiency and renewable energy provide solutions to global energy challenges. Clean Energy Solutions Overarching Challenges: Carbon reduction Market delivery of clean energy technologies Research and development needs Economic growth Workforce development Security Environment Economy
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  • 7 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov End-use efficiency Power plants Renewables Biofuels Nuclear CCS End-use potential End-use efficiency is key to abatement of GHG emissions from energy consumption. Source: OECD/IEA 2009, World Energy Outlook 2009. Notes: Gt refers to gigatons of carbon dioxide. End-use efficiency includes Buildings, Appliances, Lighting, Transportation, and Industry. World abatement of energy-related CO 2 emissions in the 450 Scenario, 2007-2030 Gt CO 2 Global Energy Solutions: Energy Efficiency
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  • 8 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Economic, climate, and energy security challenges require transformational change. Incremental change will not be enough. Transforming the energy landscape necessitates strong policy. Realizing Potential: Transformational Change
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  • 9 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Solution: Building a Clean Energy Economy Building the clean energy economy requires a planned, systematic approach: Drive high-impact innovation Move innovation to the marketplace rapidly and at scale Attract the best and brightest people Communicate plans and achievements to engage the public
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  • 10 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Renewable Energy Solar Wind Biomass/Biofuels Water Power Geothermal Energy Efficiency Building Technologies Weatherization Vehicle Technologies Industrial Technologies Fuel Cells Federal Energy Management Opportunities: Innovation Focus Areas
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  • 11 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Renewable Energy Opportunities Converting Biomass Harnessing the Wind Capturing Sunlight Water Power
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  • 12 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Biomass Opportunities Converting Biomass for Transportation: In 2010, the U.S. produced 13 billion gallons of ethanolmeeting 7% of light duty fuel needs. Since 2006, the U.S. has led the world in ethanol production. ~10 million flexible-fuel vehicles are on U.S. roads.
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  • 13 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Trough Tower Dish Solar Energy Opportunities Capturing Sunlight: U.S. goals are to enable solar energy to be cost-competitive by 2015 and to accelerate widespread market penetration through: Photovoltaics (PV) Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Systems (Grid) Integration Market Transformation
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  • 14 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Wind Opportunities Harnessing the Wind: The United States has 41,281 MW of installed wind capacity (as of 2011 Q1), the second most of any country in the world. More than 5,000 MW of wind generating capacity was added in the United States in 201025% of all new electric capacity. The United States has the potential for wind energy to supply 20% of the nations electricity by 2030. The immense offshore U.S. wind resource (>4,000,000 MW) remains an untapped market.
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  • 15 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Hydropower Opportunities Water Power: Largest current source of clean, domestic, renewable energy in U.S. 257 million megawatt-hours (MWh) of electricity was generated from conventional hydropower in 2010 7% of all U.S. electricity production Currently in early-stage development of marine and hydrokinetic energy industries
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  • 16 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Geothermal Opportunities Geothermal Energy: The United States is the world leader in online capacity of geothermal energy and electric power generation. Installed capacity is 3,100 Mwe. Total of 123 new projects are underway in 15 states, totaling an additional 3,500 Mwe. Potential of enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) is >100 GW by 2050.
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  • 17 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Building Efficiency Opportunities Building energy codes and appliance standards Cost-effective, energy-efficient building technologies and practices Building envelopes Equipment Lighting, daylighting, windows Cool roofs Advanced sensors and controls Combined heating, cooling, and power Whole building design Building technologies available today can lower energy use and reduce pollutionat a low or negative net cost.
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  • 18 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Industrial Efficiency Opportunities Energy efficiency can yield cost, productivity, energy supply resiliency, and competitiveness benefits to industry. Develop Next-Generation Manufacturing Processes & Materials Manufacturing processes that limit energy intensity Materials technologies that lower life-cycle energy consumption and provide low-cost, high performance Foster the Energy Management Industry Identify, deploy, certify, and reward effective energy management Develop tools and protocols to enable industry to measure and manage energy usage Promote education and hands-on training for a new generation of energy management engineers
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  • 19 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Vehicle Efficiency Opportunities Research and development Electric vehicles and components Nonconventional fuels and lubricants Advanced engine technologies Lightweight, high-performance materials Partnerships with state and local organizations Deployment and education Energy efficiency can improve fuel efficiency, reduce GHG emissions, and reduce national dependence on imported oil.
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  • 20 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Global Energy Management System Standard ISO 50001: New energy management standard for buildings and industry Potential Impacts: Could influence up to 60% of the worlds energy use across many economic sectors Companies will implement the standard in response to: Corporate sustainability programs Energy cost reduction initiatives Demand created along the manufacturing supply chain Carbon and energy legislation and international climate agreements
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  • 21 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov In July 2010, at the Clean Energy Ministerial, the U.S. launched a Global Energy Efficiency Challenge with initiatives in appliances, buildings, industry, vehicles, and the Smart Grid. Australia Belgium EU Brazil Canada China Denmark France Germany India Indonesia Italy JapanKorea Mexico NorwayRussia South Africa Spain United Arab Emirates United States United Kingdom Global Superior Energy Performance
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  • 22 | Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energyeere.energy.gov Now is the time to change the way that we use energy. Together, we must confront climate change by ending the worlds dependence on fossil fuels, by tapping the power of new sources of energy like the wind and sun, and calling upon all nations to do their part. And I pledge to you that in this global effort, the United States is now ready to lead. - President Obama, April 5, 2009 Prague, Czech Republic A Clean Energy Future
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  • 23 | Energy Effici