1 cẩm nang gia công kim loại việt nam 2008

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  1. 1. CmnanggiacngkimloiVitNam GIA CNG KIM LOI VIT NAM Hng dn hu dng v cng ngh gia cng kim loi mi nht
  2. 2. 33 P M K N S H 3 P M K N S H 3 P M K N S H 33 P M K N S H 3 333 P M K N S H ISCAR VIETNAM REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE Room D2.8, Etown Building, 364 Cong Hoa Str. Tan Binh District, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam Tel +84-8-8123 519/20 Fax +84-8-8123 521 www.iscar.com, [email protected]
  3. 3. www.kraas-lachmann.com Big in Turning www.walter-tools.com
  4. 4. Mi khoan hp kim lin khi Loi ph CVD dng cho tin thp Dao tin ren Tui th cao, khng st v khi gia cng va p MMT series dng ct ren chnh xc, hiu qu gia cng thp khng g v nhng nguyn vt liu kh gia cng. Dng c khoan gn mi hp kim, gia cng nng sut, cht lng n nh. Li ct vi hnh dng c bit (rnh xon) thch hp gia cng thp thng thng cho ti cc loi thp kh gia cng. Dng c khoan gn mi hp kim DNG C GIP SN XUT NNG CAO HIU QU http://www.mitsubishicarbide.com
  5. 5. Dao phay g, m vt Dao phay ngn MSTAR Dao phay 2 li CBN u cn nh - ngng di Gia cng vch vi chnh xc cao, mnh ct vi 4 li ct tit kim chi ph Nhiu kch thc, kch c la chn cho thn dao v mnh ct 29 loi vi 1793 kch c khc nhau thch hp cho nhiu loi gia cng. Li ct CBN thch hp cho cng on gia cng tinh khun mu Dao phay mt u loi m vt DAO CHT LNG CAO NNG CAO HIU QU SN XUT 4th Floor, Siam Terminal Building, 2991 Lardproud Road, Klongjan, Bangkapi, Bangkok 10240. THAILAND Tel: (66-2) 370-3060 Fax: (66-2) 370-3068 141 Co Bac St., District 1, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Hp no: 84-90-961-1395 Email: [email protected] Vietnam (Representative Office)
  6. 6. CONTENTS Forward 6 Introduction Tng Hp 8 Chapter 1 Cutting Tools Xu hng mm 14 Li ct trong gia cng tin 20 Bc tin mi trn my phay a 24 Bharat Forge Daun: Hiu qu kt hp tnh nng 28 Chapter 2 Measurement o lng v kim tra 32 Nhng quy lut v tnh di ng 38 La chn u d CMM: S la chn ca nh v ch 46 Chapter 3 Machine Tools Th thch trong cng ngh dp khun 50 S dng nh sng 56 a dng ha: My a trc 62 Siu chnh xc 70 Chapter 4 CAD/CAM Software Cng ngh dp trong tng lai 78 Chapter 5 Lubricants Th b lng qun 84 Product Showcase 92 Listing of Advertiser Distributors in Vietnam 94 METALWORKING GUIDEBOOK VIETNAM
  7. 7. Workpiece shown: Insert for injection-mould tool / Automotive industry DMG Vietnam Representative Office Unit #302, Blue Star Building, 93 Linh Lang Str., Ba Dinh District Hanoi Vietnam Tel.: +84 4 766 59 24 / 766 59 25, Fax: +84 4 766 59 26 DMG Asia Pacific Pte Ltd.: 6 Kian Teck Way Singapore 628754, Tel.: +65 66 60 66 88, Fax: +65 66 60 66 99, E-Mail: [email protected], Website: www.dmgasiapacific.com Find the latest information on the HSC 55 linear at: www.dmgasiapacific.com DMG innovative technologies HSC newly definedHSC 55 linear Linear drives in all axes, 28,000 rpm HSC-spindle with HSK-A63 Innovations HSC 55 linear DMG ERGOline control with a 19" screen, Heidenhain iTNC 530 and DMG SMARTkey for the administration of personalised operating modes and user rights New design: 40% more transparency and flush surfaces made from brushed chrome 28,000 rpm. HSC spindle with HSK A63 in the standard version, excellent rigidity during chip removal, longer tool service life, lower maintenance costs and better surfaces 18,000 rpm. or 42,000 rpm.* Thermo-symmetrical gantry design with linear drives in all axes 80 m/min rapid traverse and accelerations greater than 2 g 5-axis configuration with a rotary swivel table in the gantry design* *Optional Technical data and machine subject to modifications. Our standard terms and conditions apply.
  8. 8. Cm nang gia cng kim loi Vit Nam Vit Nam, c nh gi l con rng kinh t mi nht trong khu vc ng Nam , Vit Nam, hp dn gii kinh doanh quc t vi doanh s t c trong nm 2007. t nc bc vo thi k lin tc pht trin kinh t vi GDP tng trng 8,6% trong nm 2007 v xut khu tng 21%. Nhiu lnh vc cng nghip tng sn lng hng chc phn trm. Trong s : sn xut xe hi (tng 52,2%), sn xut xe gn my (19,2%), my cng c (69,8%), my iu ha nhit (51,9%), my git (21,3%) v qut in (18,6%). u t nc ngoi trc tip vo Vit Nam ln n 20,3 t la M trong nm qua, gn gp i con s u t y n tng t c trong nm 2006. Cui thng 8/2007, Vit Nam cung cp tng cng 150 khu cng nghip trn 49 tnh thnh (80% tp trung trong 3 khu vc kinh t then cht). n nm 2015, Vit Nam s c thm 113 khu cng nghip. Nhng con s ny ch phn nh mt phn ca th trng Vit Nam y si ng. Phn tch cng nghip d bo mt nm thnh cng na. Trong qu u tin ca nm 2008, theo bo co ca Vn Phng Thng K, sn lng cng nghip quc gia t n 10,2 t la M, tng 16,3% so vi cng k nm ngoi. Khu vc sn xut t nhn c tc tng trng cao nht, tng 22,4% gi tr sn lng cng nghip ln 3,57 t la M. Khu vc vn u t nc ngoi nm hng k tip, tng 17,1% ln 4,3 t la M, tip theo sau l khu vc quc doanh, tng 6,7% ln 2,3 t la M. B Cng Nghip v Thng Mi d on sn lng cng nghip nm nay s t n 42,12 t la M. S vng mnh ca th trng a Vit Nam tr thnh mt im n ngy cng hp dn cho cng nghip gia cng kim loi. Qu o ny tip tc a Vit Nam hng n mc ch tr thnh quc gia cng nghip ha trc nm 2020.
  9. 9. WORLD MANUFACTURING These machines are exhibiting on the upcoming MTA Vietnam 2008, Hanoi SUPER TURBO-X 48 CHAMPION 1.3KW LASER MACHINE VARIAXIS 500-5X II MILLING MACHINE QUICK TURN STAR 200 CNC LATHE
  10. 10. 88 Mazak Trong mi trng cnh tranh hin nay, mt trong nhng xu hng quan trng hn trong lc ny l tng cng s dng my mc a chc nng. Trch t MARCUS SYN. T rong mi trng cnh tranh m phn ln cc cng ty sn xut ang vn hnh hin nay, bt c k thut no c xu hng nghin v nguyn l sn xut tit kim (lean manufacturing) s chc chn c quan tm tt bc. iu ny c bit ng i vi cc cng ty nc pht trin hin ang vt ln tn ti trc sc cnh tranh xut hin t nhng nn kinh t ang pht trin. Nhng nguyn l sn xut tit kim nhn mnh vic ti u ha t ng, qun l chui cung cp hiu qu, tin sn xut/giao hng ng thi hn v khng ngng ci tin cht lng, nm trong danh sch u tin hng u ca bt c cng ty no mun duy tr hot ng kinh doanh lu di. Mt trong nhng xu hng quan trng hn hin ny c l l vic tng cng s dng my mc cng c a chc nng. Trong th trng my mc cng c, nhu cu my mc a chc nng ang ngy mt tng ln. Cc loi my mc ny kt hp phay, tin, khoan v cc quy trnh khc vo 1 c cu duy nht, do gim thiu nhiu Tng Hp I N T R O D U C T I O N
  11. 11. INTRODUCTION 9 chi ph pht sinh t vic ci t nhiu c cu v gim bt sai st c th pht sinh t cc thao tc th cng. My mc a chc nng quen thuc nht l my tin NC vi nhng dng c t trong mm tin, phay tin v u tin Thy S. My tin NC c y cc chc nng phay hoc khoan vi mt trc Y cho php mm tin di chuyn t cnh ny sang cnh kia. My c th phay, khoan v gia cng ngoi ng tm trc. Trc A, B xoay quanh trc Y khoan gc hoc phay vin. My mc a nng c t ng ha cao v c th gim bt thi gian gia cng, ph liu cng nh khc phc vn nan gii thng xuyn do thiu ht th my c tay ngh cao. Nhn chung, phn ln nh sn xut nhng loi my mc ny u trng i lng t hng lun mnh v thm ch lng my bn ra s cng lc cng tng trong nhng nm ti. LI TH CA A CHC NNG C nhiu l do hp l gii thch vic my mc a chc nng ngy cng tr nn thng dng, c bit nhng nc c nn cng nghip pht trin hn. Mt trong nhng ng lc quan trng l do gi nhn cng cao. Trong gia cng vt cha thnh phm, ci t v iu khin nhiu chi tit c tc ng trc tip n gi nhn cng. V vy, cc phn xng ang ngy cng quan tm theo ui k thut gia cng nhiu chi tit trn cng mt my vi cng c cu ci t c nh. My a chc nng cng to ra li th cnh tranh cho nhng phn xng va v nh, cho php cc phn xng ny gia cng nhiu chi tit phc tp nhanh hn v r hn. Nhng my mc ny tit kim tin bng cch sn xut vt liu s ch t mt my trn mt c cu duy nht thay v sn xut trn hai hoc nhiu c cu my khc nhau. T , ngi s dng nhng h thng ny cn t my mc v ngi iu hnh my hn. My a chc nng cho php cc cng ty loi b nhiu trang thit b c km linh hot, phn ln l my tin v my gia cng. Mt lng nhn cng ng k cng c gii phng cho cc quy trnh sn xut quan trng hn. Nhn cng c th gim n 50% trong nhiu trng hp. Thm vo , gi in sn xut cng c gim thiu. Din tch t xng cng c bo ton. My mc a nng cng gip cng ty kim tin nh trng thu nhng cng vic m thit b gia cng loi thng khng th cnh tranh li. Ngoi ra, nng sut sn xut ca my cng gip tng sn lng. Khi vic gia cng cc chi tit c hon tt trn cng mt my, sn phm s c giao n khch hng vi tin thng xuyn hn bt chp s lng hng t. Mc d thi gian hon tt quy trnh sn xut trn my a nng c th chm hn so vi my thng thng, sn lng tng nh du mt li th quan trng trong ton b phng thc sn xut ca mt phn xng my. Vi my mc a nng, phn xng gia cng cng c th ci tin mu m v chnh xc ca cc chi tit. Sn phm c th c thit k gia cng trn mt my duy nht. iu ny cho php k s trnh vic kch thc khng ng nht v dung sai lm gim cht lng sn phm. Vi kh nng gia cng nhiu c im chi tit trn cng mt mm kp, nhu cu lp t cc c cu c nh phc tp v t tin c loi b. Nhng cng c ct a dng sn c v thit k dng c tho lp linh hot cng gim thiu s lng cng c cn s dng. BIN MT Khi phn xng my ang tnh ton n vic sn xut tit kim hn, ti t ng ha ng nhin c nhc n. My mc a quy trnh thch hp o thi bt quy trnh sn xut, c bit khi kt hp vi ch ti t ng hoc h thng pa-lt. Do , quy trnh sn xut khng cn ngi gim st my tr thnh hin thc. Vi vic s dng my mc a chc nng, thi gian khng c gi tr gia tng c th c gim bt ng k. Thi gian khng c gi tr gia tng y c ngha l thi gian cn thit vn hnh linh kin, ch i, ti c nh v thi gian my b khng. y l nhng quy trnh thao tc in hnh ca trong vic vn hnh gia cng thng thng, v bng cch gia cng hon ton trn mt my, nhng thi gian khng c gi tr gia tng trn hu nh c loi b. Hn na, do nhiu c im tin v phay c th c d t ng m khng cn phi tho g My mc a nng c t ng ha cao v c th tng cng nng sut sn xut, v khc phc vn nan gii thng xuyn do thiu ht th my c tay ngh cao. Mazak
  12. 12. INTRODUCTION 1010 khi my, thi gian chuyn i chi tit kim tra v thit lp CMM c loi tr ng k. Vi yu cu v thi gian t khch hng tr nn kht khe hn, phn xng gia cng phi thng xuyn tm cch thu hp thi gian. My mc a chc nng c th gip phn xng ci thin hiu qu ton din xt v mt thi gian t lc nhn n t hng n lc giao hng. iu ny da trn gi thuyt rng thi gian hon tt chu trnh sn xut khng nhng ch c thi gian gia cng m cn bao gm ton b qu trnh sn xut, vn chuyn, giao hng v chuyn khon t khch hng. T tt c nhng iu nu trn, phn xng gia c