1 Anabolic Steroids and Performance-Enhancing Substances Performance-enhancing drugs: Know the risks

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Transcript of 1 Anabolic Steroids and Performance-Enhancing Substances Performance-enhancing drugs: Know the risks

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1 Anabolic Steroids and Performance-Enhancing Substances Performance-enhancing drugs: Know the risks Slide 2 Introduction: Are you hoping to gain a competitive edge by taking muscle-building supplements or other performance-enhancing drugs? Learn how these drugs work and how they can affect your health. Are you hoping to gain a competitive edge by taking muscle-building supplements or other performance-enhancing drugs? Learn how these drugs work and how they can affect your health. 2 Slide 3 Most serious athletes will tell you that the competitive drive to win can be fierce. Besides the satisfaction of personal accomplishment, athletes often pursue dreams of winning a medal for their country or securing a spot on a professional team. In such an environment, the use of performance-enhancing drugs has become increasingly common. 3 Slide 4 But using performance-enhancing drugs aka, doping isn't without risks. Take the time to learn about the potential benefits, the health risks and the many unknowns regarding so- called performance-enhancing drugs such as anabolic steroids, androstenedione, human growth hormone, erythropoietin, diuretics, creatine and stimulants. You may decide that the benefits aren't worth the risks. 4 Slide 5 Anabolic steroids What are they? Some athletes take a form of steroids known as anabolic-androgen steroids or just anabolic steroids to increase their muscle mass and strength. The main anabolic steroid hormone produced by your body is testosterone. What are they? Some athletes take a form of steroids known as anabolic-androgen steroids or just anabolic steroids to increase their muscle mass and strength. The main anabolic steroid hormone produced by your body is testosterone. Testosterone has two main effects on your body: Testosterone has two main effects on your body: Anabolic effects promote muscle building. Anabolic effects promote muscle building. Androgenic effects are responsible for male traits, such as facial hair and a deeper voice. Androgenic effects are responsible for male traits, such as facial hair and a deeper voice. 5 Slide 6 Why are these drugs so appealing to athletes? Besides making muscles bigger, anabolic steroids may help athletes recover from a hard workout more quickly by reducing the muscle damage that occurs during the session. This enables athletes to workout harder and more frequently without overtraining. In addition, some athletes may like the aggressive feelings they get when they take the drugs. Besides making muscles bigger, anabolic steroids may help athletes recover from a hard workout more quickly by reducing the muscle damage that occurs during the session. This enables athletes to workout harder and more frequently without overtraining. In addition, some athletes may like the aggressive feelings they get when they take the drugs. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4GRBf 49y984 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4GRBf 49y984 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4GRBf 49y984 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4GRBf 49y984 6 Slide 7 7 Definition of Anabolic Steroid Anabolic steroid includes any drug or hormonal substance chemically or pharmacologically related to testosterone, all prohormones, including dehydroepiandrosterone and all substances listed in the Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 2004. Anabolic steroid does not include estrogens, progestins, corticosteroids, or mineralocorticoids. Slide 8 8 Definition of Performance- Enhancing Substance Performance-enhancing substance means a manufactured product for oral ingestion, intranasal application or inhalation containing compounds that: Contain a stimulant, amino acid, hormone precursor herb or other botanical or any other substance other than an essential vitamin or mineral Are intended to increase athletic performance, promote muscle growth, induce weight loss or increase an individuals endurance or capacity for exercise. Slide 9 9 Performance-Enhancing Supplements The Dietary Supplement and Health Education Act of 1994 Limits the Food and Drug Administration from regulating products The Dietary Supplement and Health Education Act of 1994 Limits the Food and Drug Administration from regulating products 18.6% of U.S. supplements contain anabolic steroids International Olympic Committee (IOC) study of 240 supplements 18.6% of U.S. supplements contain anabolic steroids International Olympic Committee (IOC) study of 240 supplements Many products contaminated: lead, pesticides, arsenic, mercury Many products contaminated: lead, pesticides, arsenic, mercury Strengths of the products available can vary Strengths of the products available can vary Effectiveness studies have not been performed among high school age athletes Effectiveness studies have not been performed among high school age athletes Slide 10 10 Variations of Steroids and Performance-Enhancing Substances Slide 11 11 Why do students take anabolic steroids or performance-enhancing substances? To: Boost athletic performance Boost athletic performance Build muscle Build muscle Increase body mass Increase body mass Lose body fat Lose body fat Slide 12 12 What influences a student to take anabolic steroids or performance- enhancing substances? Slide 13 13 Desire to Emulate Role Models Slide 14 14 Peer Pressure to Succeed Slide 15 15 Media Influences Images that portray steroids in a positive light Slide 16 16 Cover Stories About Steroids Slide 17 17 Desired Body Image Based on Gender Slide 18 18 Dangers of Anabolic Steroids and Performance-Enhancing Substances Steroids are dangerous for two reasons: They are ILLEGAL. They can damage a persons mental and physical health. If used by adolescents, can have permanent negative consequences If used by adolescents, can have permanent negative consequences Slide 19 Risks Many athletes take anabolic steroids at doses that are much higher than those prescribed for medical reasons, and most of what is known about the drugs' effects on athletes comes from observing users. It is impossible for researchers to design studies that would accurately test the effects of large doses of steroids on athletes, because giving participants such high doses would be unethical. This means that the effects of taking anabolic steroids at very high doses haven't been well studied. Many athletes take anabolic steroids at doses that are much higher than those prescribed for medical reasons, and most of what is known about the drugs' effects on athletes comes from observing users. It is impossible for researchers to design studies that would accurately test the effects of large doses of steroids on athletes, because giving participants such high doses would be unethical. This means that the effects of taking anabolic steroids at very high doses haven't been well studied. Anabolic steroids come with serious physical side effects as well. Anabolic steroids come with serious physical side effects as well. 19 Slide 20 20 Some Health Risks for Both Males and Females: Acne, really bad acne, especially on face and back Stunted growth in teens (by causing bones to mature too fast and stop growing at an early age) High blood pressure, unhealthy cholesterol changes, and heart disease Blood clots and stroke Liver damage, jaundice, or liver cancer Headaches, aching joints, and muscle cramps Increased risk of ligament and tendon injuries, which can end an athletes career for good Needle sharing results in higher risk for serious infections like Hepatitis B and C or HIV, which causes AIDS Baldness Slide 21 21 Gender Differences and Risks of Drug Use Young Females Self-esteem Self-esteem Depression/mood Depression/mood Body image* Body image* Media* Media* Young Males Risky behavior Risky behavior Impulsivity Impulsivity Body image* Body image* Media* Media* *Specific, based on gender Slide 22 22 Health Risks for Males: Shrinking of the testicles Shrinking of the testicles Low sperm count Low sperm count Impotence (inability to get an erection) Impotence (inability to get an erection) Increased breast growth in males, especially teens Increased breast growth in males, especially teens Enlarged prostate Enlarged prostate Slide 23 23 Health Risks for Females: Breast shrinkage Breast shrinkage Male-type facial and body hair growth Male-type facial and body hair growth Deepening of the voice Deepening of the voice Problems with menstrual periods Problems with menstrual periods Enlarged clitoris Enlarged clitoris Slide 24 24 Psychological Health Risks: Roid rage- severe, aggressive behavior that may result in violence, such as fighting or destroying property Roid rage- severe, aggressive behavior that may result in violence, such as fighting or destroying property Severe mood swings Severe mood swings Paranoia- extreme feelings of mistrust and fear Paranoia- extreme feelings of mistrust and fear Anxiety and panic attacks Anxiety and panic attacks Depression and thoughts of suicide Depression and thoughts of suicide Slide 25 25 Definition of Cycling Anabolic steroids are taken orally or injected, typically in cycles of weeks or months, rather than continuously. Anabolic steroids are taken orally or injected, typically in cycles of weeks or months, rather than continuously. Cycling involves taking multiple doses of steroids over a specific period of time, stopping for a period, and starting again. Cycling involves taking multiple doses of steroids over a specific period of time, stopping for a period, and starting again. Slide 26 26 Definition of Stacking Users often combine several different types of steroids to maximize their effectiveness while trying to minimize negative effects. Users often combine several different types of steroids to maximize their effectiveness while trying to minimize negative effects. Slide 27 27 Slang for anabolic steroids or performance-enhancing substances You may have heard steroids called: You may have heard steroids called: Roids Juice Hype Pumpers Gym Candy Arnolds Gear Weight