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2 Ivane Javakhishvili Institute of History and Ethnology ISSN 1512-3154 Studies in Modern and Contemporary History 1(7) `UNIVERSAL~ Tbilisi 2010 3 ivane javaxiSvilis istoriis da eTnologiis instituti ISSN 1512-3154 axali da uaxlesi istoriis sakiTxebi 1(7) gamomcemloba `universali~ Tbilisi 2010 4 :( (UDC) 94(100) ,15/18" + 94(100) ,1918/..." :-84 saredaqcio kolegia: gia gelaSviliSoTa vadaWkoriavasil kaWarava vaJa kiknaZevoicex materski(poloneTis mecnierebaTa akademia) gela saiTiZe(redaqtoris moadgile) malxaz sioriZe avTandil sonRulaSvili (redaqtori) xaTuna qoqraSvili(pasuxismgebeli mdivani) dodo WumburiZe(redaqtoris moadgile)niko javaxiSvili EDITORIAL BOARD: Gia Gelashvili Shota Vadackoria Vasil Kacharava Vazha Kiknadze Wojciech Materski(Academyof sciences of Poland) Gela Saitidze(Deputy editor) Malkhaz Sioridze Avtandil Songulashvili(Editor) Khatuna Kokrashvili(Executive secretary) Dodo Chumburidze(Deputy editor) Niko Javakhishvili

gamomcemloba `universali~, 2010 Tbilisi, 0179, i. WavWavaZis gamz. 19, : 22 36 09, 8(99) 17 22 30 E-mail: universal@internet.ge 5 S i n a a r s iContents ) = s | | = s | ~ / U U Pl a t o n J o s e l i a n i 2 0 0gela saiTiZe.................................................................................!3 platon ioseliani redaqtori, publicisti (c::cpob 200 b_ob :oo) Gela Saitidze Platon Ioseliani Editor, Publicist xaTuna qoqraSvili ..................................................................... 35 Pplaton ioseliani saeklesio istoriis mkvlevari (1o:co oooobo_:) Khatuna Kokrashvili Platon Ioseliani The Researcher of the Church History (General review) | s | s = | | sThe History of the Georgian dodo WumburiZe......................................................................... 4 rusuli kolonizacia afxazeTSi da dasaxlebaparnauTi Dodo Chumburidze Russian Colonialization in Abkhazia and the Settlement Parnauti caca CxartiSvili ....................................................................... 64 afxazeTis Teatraluri cxovreba XIX saukunis80-90-ian wlebSi da istoriuli mexsiereba Tsatsa Chkhartishvili Theatrical Life in Abkhazia in the 80-90es of the 19th Centuryand Historical Memory oTar gogoliSvili .................................................................... 77 aWara ucxoeli istorikosis TvaliT (XlX b-ob 80-o:bo b_po) Otar Gogolishvili Historian Evgeni Veidenbaums Writings about Adjara ilia vadaWkoria .......................................................................... 84 gazeTi `iveria~ saqarTvelos istoriis wyaroebisa da gamoqveynebuli mecnieruli literaturisSesaxeb (1886-1889 ww.) Ilia Vadachkoria The Newspaper Iveria About the Sources of the History of Georgia and Published Scientific Literature (1886 - 1889) 6 qeTevan mania................................................................................. 8 qarTuli nacionaluri identobis wrTobisprocesi `iveriis~ (1887) mixedviT Ketevan Mania The Process of National Identity Hardening According to ,Iveria" (1887) nato sonRulaSvili.................................................................. !!3 identobrivi avtonomiurobis ideali: Tavisuflebis idea da misi kultivacia beWduri mediis saSualebiT XX saukunis 10-iani wlebis qarTul erTobaSiNato Songulashvili Identical Autonumous Ideal: the Idea of Freedom and its Cultivation on the Basis of Printing Media in the 10-years Georgian Unity of XX century irina arabiZe................................................................................ !25 damatebiTi cnobebi eqvTime TayaiSvilis1917 wlis eqspediciasTan dakavSirebiT Irina Arabidze Additional Information About Ekvtime Takaishvilis Expedition in 1917 lela saraliZe............................................................................ !32 e. w. ,samxreT oseTis" avtonomiuri olqis Seqmnisistoriidan (1917-1922 ww.) LLela Saralidze From the History of So Called ,South Osetia" Autonomous OblastFormation in 1917 1922SoTa vadaWkoria......................................................................... !68 Sida qarTlis mTis osebis sagadasaxlebo politikada qarTuli politikuri azri (XX b:(bob 20-o:bo b_po) Shota Vadachkoria Exile Policy of the Shida Kartli Osetians Living in the Mountains and Geor-gian Political Thinking (The 20es of the 20th century)nugzar zosiZe .............................................................................. !0 baTumis olqi 1920 wlis pirvel naxevarSi Nugzar Zosidze Batumi District in the First Part of year 1920 nino RambaSiZe .............................................................................. 200 vaxtang RambaSiZe cxovreba da moRvaweoba Nino Ghambashidze Vakhtang Ghambashidze The Life and Activity 7 Tamar TamaraSvili ..................................................................... 227 ganaTlebis istoriidan saqarTveloSi (Telavis peda-gogiuri teqnikumi (1924-1939)) Tamar Tamarashvili From the History of Education in Georgia (Telavi Pedagogical Technical In-stitut (1924-1939))| s | s = s i | = Georgia and the World niko javaxiSvili........................................................................238 qarTvelTa kvali baltiispireTSi (XVII saukunis miwurulidan XIX saukunis Sua xanebamde) Niko Javakhishvili Trace of Georgians in the Baltics (From the end of XVII th to the first half of XIX th century) giorgi beJitaSvili ................................................................... 254 poloneTSi qarTuli samxedro emigraciis istoriis zogierTi aspeqti George Bezhitashvili The Certain Aspects of History of the Georgian Military Immigration in Poland avTandil sonRulaSvili........................................................ 260 saqarTvelos urTierToba dasavleT evropasa daamerikis SeerTebul StatebTan XX saukunis pirvelmeoTxedSi Avtandil Songulashvili Relations of Georgia with the Western Europe and the USA In the first quarter of the XX century nodar xorbalaZe ........................................................................ 283 saqarTveloSi ruseTis imperiuli politikisistoriidan Nodar Khorbaladze From Russia's Imperial Politics in Georgia malxaz makaraZe........................................................................... 295 damoukidebeli qarTuli saxelmwifo da ruseTisagresiuli politika Malkhaz Makaradze Independent Georgia and Russian Aggression Politics 8 sofiko davlaSeriZe .................................................................. 2 saqarTvelos damoukideblobis aRdgena daaSS-is politika postsabWour sivrceze Sopho Davlasheridze Restoration of Georgia Independence and Policy of USA of Soviet Spare korneli kakaCia.......................................................................... 306 aSS-saqarTvelos strategiuli TanamSromlobisqartia: icavs Tu ara is saqarTvelos usafrTxoebas? Kornely Kakachia United States-Georgia Charter on Strategic Partnership: Does it protect Georgias Sovereignity? s s | | | sThe History of the Caucasus mzia tyavaSvili ........................................................................... 32! SotlandielTa axalSenis istoriidan Crdilo kavkasiaSi (XlX b:(bob c:b:bobo) Mzia Tkavashvili From the History of the Scots Colony in the North Caucasus(The beginning of the 19th century) i | = | sThe History of the World Tamar anTaZe................................................................................. 32 Uuiliam III oraneli Tamar Antadze William III of Orange vasil kaWarava............................................................................. 342 1952 wlis saprezidento arCevnebi amerikisSeerTebul StatebSi Vasil Kacharava American Presidential Elections of 1952 vasil kaWarava............................................................................. 360 politikuri partiebis ideologia da platformebi aSS-is 1952 wlis saprezidento arCevnebSi Vasil Kacharava Ideology of Political Parties and their Platforms in the Presidential Elections of the United States in 1952 9 ) = sThe Policy Tengiz grigolia........................................................................ 372 ruseTi da irani axlo aRmosavleTis regionalurgeopolitikaSi Tengiz Grigolia Russia and Iran in Close-east Regional Geopolitics Tornike SurRulaia.................................................................. 378 aSS-s nacionaluri usafrTxoebis saagento (`Savi oTaxi~) Tornike Shurgulaia National Security Agency (NSA) of the USA (Black Room) maia amirgulaSvili.................................................................. 385 globalizaciis Tanamedrove tendenciebi Maia Amirgulashvili Modern Tendencies of Globalization | s i | | s |Millitary History Teimuraz dalaqiSvili, xaTuna TodaZe, daviT mamulaiSvili.............................................................................. 34 tradiciuli kavkasiuri sabrZolo iaraRiswarmoebis istoriul-geografiuli mimoxilva(ooroo:co oopo c: b:bppo) Teimuraz Dalaqishvili, Khatuna Todadze, Davit Mamulaishvili Traditional Caucasus Cold Weapons History and Geography of their Production Main Types = s = | | | sReligion. The History of the Church eldar bubulaSvili................................................................. 405 ucnobi masalebi sasuliero ganaTlebis SesaxebXX s-is 20-iani wlebis saqarTveloSi Eldar Bubulashvili Unknown Material about Religious Education (20-ies of the 20th century) sofio andRulaZe....................................................................... 4!2 qarTveli samRvdeloeba sabWoTa totalitarulireJimis damyarebis periodSi da episkoposistefane bodbeli (:bo_ (:rp_:Jo_o) Sophio Andghuladze Georgian Clergy in the Period of Establishing Soviet Totalitarian Regime and the Bishop of Bodbe Stephane (Vasil Karbelashvili) 10 | s sHistoriography merab kalandaZe.......................................................................... 423 dasavleT evropis axali istoriis sakiTxebiXX saukunis qarTul istoriografiaSi Merab Kalandadze Modern History of Eastern Europe Studies in Georgia s i |