РАБОТА В CAE-ПАКЕТЕ ANSYS MECHANICAL:

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«
.. » ( )
CAE- ANSYS MECHANICAL:



2017
2
. . , . .
- . , . . .
CAE- ANSYS MECHANICAL: : . / . .. , .. . – : - , 2017. – 73 .: .
-
Ansys.
. ,
. ,
, ,
Ansys.
24.05.02 « »,
24.04.05, 24.03.05 « » 25.03.01 «
».

.
3
............................................................................................................................................. 1 ............................................................................................. 1.1 ............................................................................................................. 1.2 Ansys ................................................................................................................................ 2 ................................................ 2.1 .......................................................................................... 2.2 ........................................................... 2.3 .............................................................. 2.4 .................................................................................. 2.5 , ................................................................ 2.6 ....................................................................................................... 2.7 Ansys ............................................................... 2.8 .............................................................................. 2.9 ....................................................................................................... 3 .................. 3.1 , .................................................................... 3.2 - ..................................................................................... 3.3 ............................................................................ 3.4 ........................................................................ 4 , ................................................................................................................................................. 4.1 ......................................................................................... 4.2 ........................................................................ 4.3 ................................................................................................ 4.4 ...................................................................................... 5 Ansys ................................................................................................... 5.1 .............................................................................................. 5.2 ........................................................................................................ 5.3 ............................................................................................. 5.4 , ........................... 5.5 .............................................................. 5.6 ....................................................... 5.7 ....................................................................... 6 ............................................................... 6.1 .............................................................................................. 6.2 .................................................................... 6.3 ................................................ 6.4 ............................................................ 6.5 ........................................................... 6.6 ............................................................... 6.7 ..................................... 6.8 ...................................... 7 ........................................................................................... 7.1 ...........................................................................
5 6 6 6 8 8 9 9 10 11 12 12 13 14 15 15 16 18 19 20 20 21 22 22 23 23 23 23 24 26 27 28 29 29 29 29 30 30 30 31 31 33 33
4
7.2 ................................................................................................... 7.3 ...................................................................................... 7.4 ....................................................................................... 7.5 ............................................................................ 8 .................................................................... 8.1 Ansys ............................................................................................... 8.2 .......................................................................................... 8.3 ........................................................................................................ 8.4 ........................................................................................ 8.5 ............................................................................ 8.6 ................................................................................................ 8.7 ...................................................................... 8.8 ............................................................................ 8.9 ................................................ 9 ........................................ 9.1 .................................................................................................... 9.2 - ..................................................................................... 9.3 ..................................................................................... 9.4 ....................................................................................................... 10 , ...................................................... 10.1 ................................................................................................ 10.2 ................................................................................................ 10.3 ................................................................ 10.4 ......................................................................................................... 10.5 ......................................... 10.6 ......................................................................................... 10.7 ................................................................ 10.8 ............................................................................................... 10.9 ................................................................ 10.10 3D- ..................................................... 11 ................................................................................................................ 11.1 ............................................................... 11.2 ................................................................................................................ 11.3 , ................................................................ 11.4 , ................................ 11.5 ........................................................................... 11.6 , ......................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ..............................................................................................
36 38 40 41 46 46 46 47 47 51 52 53 53 53 54 54 55 56 57 59 59 59 59 59 59 59 60 61 61 62 66 66 66 66 67 69 69 72 73
5

. , , , , , , – , .
, , . , , – , .
, Ansys Mechanical, «» .
: , , , .
, : , , , .
, .
6
1
1.1 1) « – – –
», « » , .
( D:\Users\).
– – .
2) . , .
3) (... ). .
1.2 Ansys 1) → → Ansys . → Mechanical APDL Product Launcher .
. 1.1. Working Directory
. Job Name
( ). Run.
. 1.1. Ansys Mechanical
2)
« (GUI)» (. 1.2).
.
1 (Utility Menu,
UM), ,
, ,
.., ,
UM.
1.2.
2 (Ansys Main Menu, ).
,
() , .
3 .
, - .
4 (Ansys input) –
Output Window.
. , .
5 ,
, ..
8
. 2.1.
2.1
1) , ,
1- 20- .
( Beam).
2) , : Main Menu (MM) → PreProcessor (PrPr) →
Modeling → Create → Nodes → In Active CS. :
x y z
1 0 0 0
2 0.5 0 0
3 1 0 0
4 0 -0.4 0
NODE , , ,
.
9
1) . MM → PrPr → Element Type → Add/Edit/Delete.
Beam 188 → OK. ,
. PrPr → Sections → Beam →
Common Sections. , B=0.05 ,
H=0.08 .
2) . PrPr → Material Props → Material Models.
, .
Material Models Available Structural – Density DENS = 7800
(/3). Linear – Elastic – Isotropic. : =2·1011 ();
PRXY=0.3.
2.3 1) : PrPr → Meshing → Mesh
Attributes → Default Attribs
10
Type ,
, MAT , SECNUM
. -.
2) 2.1.2 : PrPr → Create →
Elements → Auto Numbered → Thru Nodes. , 1-2.
. 2.5.
(), ,
, Reset.
. 2.5.
:
UM → PlotCtrls → Style → Size and Shape → Display of Element → On
- (. 2.6).
UM → Plots → Elements, .
. 2.6. -
2.4
1) , , UM–
Pan zoom rotate ( ).
(Top, Front ..),
11
(Zoom, Box Zoom), Dynamic Mode ,
(), FIT.
2.5 ,
1) . PrPr → Loads → Define Loads → Apply → Structural →
Displacement → On Nodes. 4 ( ) – Apply.
UX, UY ( ,
, . . 2.7).
. 2.7.
1, All DOF – , .
2) . PrPr → Loads → Define Loads → Apply →
Structural → Force/Moment → On Nodes. 3. Y
, -10000 (. 2.8)
. 2.8.
3) . : MM → Solution → Analysis Type →
New Analysis → Static. : Solution → Solve → Current LS → OK.
Solution is done!
12
2.6
1) MM → General Postproc → Plot Results → Contour Plot → Nodal Solu.
: Stress → von Mises stress;
2) ,
: MM → General Postproc → Plot Results → Cntour Plot → Nodal
Solu DOF Solution → Displacement Vector Sum. Undisplaced shape Key
Deformed shape with undeformed model;
3) , .
. PrPr → Modeling → Delete → Elements → Pick all → Ok,
PrPr → Modeling → Delete → Nodes – Pick all → Ok.
2.7 Ansys
1) , : PrPr → Modeling →
Create → Keypoints in Active CS. :
x y z 1 0 0 0 2 0.5 0 0 3 1 0 0 4 0 -0.4 0
NPT Keypoint number ,
, .
2) : PrPr → Modeling → Create →
Lines Lines → Straight Line. ,
, ,
.
Count 0 2. ,
«» , List of Items.
. UM → PlotCtrls →
Numbering. KP Line .
13
2.8 1) . PrPr → Meshing → Mesh
Atrributes → Picked Lines. ,
( ,
, ,
). , (Pick Orientation Point)
;
2) PrPr → Meshing → Size
Cnrtls → ManualSize → Lines. L1, NDIV,
30 → Apply. L2 NDIV=30, L3=40. ,
NDIV;
3) PrPr → Meshing → Mesh →
Lines → Pick All. (. 2.10)
: UM → PlotCtrls → Style → Size and Shape → Display of Element → On;
. 2.10. -
, ,
.
2.9
1) MM → General Postproc → Plot Results → Contour Plot → Nodal Solu.
: Stress – von Mises stress
. 2.11.
2) ,
: MM → General Postproc → Plot Results → Contour Plot → Nodal Solu DOF
Solution → Displacement Vector Sum. Undisplaced shape Key Deformed
shape with undeformed model. .
. 2.12.
15
3

- .
, ,
, - .
3.1 , 1) (. 3.1).
. 3.1.
Oxyz , x
, . y z
, .
Oxy.
(. 3.2) 19425-74,
20 (. 3.1):

2 40 20
200 100 7 11,4
2) , , ,
: PrPr → Modeling → Create → Keypoints in Active
CS. :
x y z 1 0 0 0 2 2 0 0 3 6 0 0
3) : PrPr → Modeling → Create →
Lines → Lines → Straight Line. 1 2 → Apply, 2 3 → OK .
3.2 -
1) . PrPr → Element Type → Add/Edit/Delete.
Beam 188 → OK. . PrPr →
Sections → Beam → Common Sections, (. 3.3)
. 3.3.
2) . PrPr → Material Props → Material Models. :
=2·1011 (); DENS = 7800 (/3); PRXY=0.3;
3) .
Y (. 3.4) 4 (0,1,0).
. 3.4.
4) : PrPr → Meshing → Mesh
Attributes → All Lines. Pick Orientation Keypoint Yes. 4
;
5) . PrPr → Meshing → Size
Cnrtls → ManualSize → Lines. L1, NDIV=10 → Apply. L2 NDIV=20.
18
6) : PrPr → Meshing → Mesh–Lines → Pick
All. : UM
→ PlotCtrls → Style → Size and Shape → Display of Element → On.
. 3.6. -
3.3
1) - (UY=UZ=0): PrPr → Loads → Define
Loads → Apply → Structural → Displacement → On Keypoints.
1 – Apply. UY, UZ.
: PrPr → Loads → Define Loads → Apply → Structural →
Displacement → On Keypoints. 3 → All DOF → OK;
2) .
OY. ,
1: UM → Select → Entities → Lines By Num/Pick → Line
1. Lines Elements, Attached to Lines, Reselect
( ) → OK (. 3.7). , Plot
Elements, ;
:
PrPr → Loads → Define Loads → Apply → Structural → Pressure →
On Beam → Pick All, ValI=40000 → OK. : U →
Select → Everything;
. PrPr → Loads → Define Loads → Apply →
Structural → Force/Moment →On Keypoints , 2, MZ=-20000
. 3.7 –
3.4
1) . : M → Solution → Analysis Type → New
Analysis – Static. Solution → Solve → Current LS → OK.
2) OY (. 3.7),
: MM → General Postproc → Plot Results → Contour Plot →
Nodal Solu → DOF Solution → Y-Component of displacement, Undisplaced shape key
Deformed shape with undeformed model.
. 3.8. OY
3) Qy. Ansys
.
Help Beam 188 .
:
ETABLE,QYI,SMISC,5
ETABLE,QYJ,SMISC,18
PLLS,QYI,QYJ
:
ETABLE,MZI,SMISC,2
ETABLE,MZJ,SMISC,15
PLLS,MZI,MZJ
. UM →
PlotCtrls → Write Metafile → Invert White/Black.
20
. 4.1.
,
Q=10 . ,
CT 0300 . , .
4.1 1) , : MM → PreProcessor
→ Modeling → Create → Keypoints in Active CS.
:
x y z 1 0 0 0 2 0.04 0 0 3 0.08 0 0 4 0 0.08 0 5 0.04 0.08 0 6 0.08 0.08 0
2) 1 4, 2 5, 3 6 (. 4.2)
. 4.2.
MM → PreProcessor → Modeling → Create → Lines → Lines → Straight Line.
1 4, → Apply, 2 5 → Apply, 3 6 → OK.
4.2
1) . MM → Preprocessor → Element Type →
Add/Edit/Delete. Beam 188 → OK. :
MM → Preprocessor → Sections → Beam → Common Sections,
, B=H= 0.001 ;
2) . MM → Preprocessor → Material Props → Material
Models. : =2·1011 (); 7800 (/3); 0.3;
(Structural – Thermal Expansion – Secant Coefficient)
α=11,85·10-6 1/0C. 2. : =1,2·1011 (); 8950
(/3); 0,3; α=16,8·10-6 1/0C;
3) . MM → PrPr → Meshing
→ Size Cnrtls → ManualSize → Lines. 10 ;
4) .
: PrPr → Meshing → Mesh Attribute → Picked Lines. 1 3,
Material number 2 ( ).
2 1.
. :
UM → PlotCtrls → Style → Size and Shape → Display of Element → On;
. 4.3. -
22
4.3 1) Y. MM → Prpr →
Coupling/Ceqn → Couple DOFs. 2, 13, 24 (
), NSET 1, Lab UY;
2) : PrPr → Loads → Define
Loads → Apply → Structural → Displacement → On Nodes. 1, 12, 23 → All
DOF → OK;
3) PrPr → Loads → Define Loads → Apply →
Structural → Temperature → On Lines, 300 0 ;
4) Y :
PrPr → Loads → Define Loads → Apply → Structural → Force/Moment, 24,
FY=10000.
4.4 1) . : → Solution → Analysis Type → New
Analysis → Static. Solution → Solve → Current LS → OK.
2) , ,
. :
FINISH /POST1 STEEL_N = NODE (0.04,,,) COPPER_N = NODE (0.08,0,0) STEEL_E = ENEARN (STEEL_N) COPPER_E = ENEARN (COPPER_N) ETABLE,STRS_ST,LS,1 ETABLE,STRS_CO,LS,1 *GET,STRSS_ST,ELEM,STEEL_E,ETAB,STRS_ST *GET,STRSS_CO,ELEM,COPPER_E,ETAB,STRS_CO . (. 4.4):
. 4.4.
,
F . ,
.
1) :
x y z 1 0 0 0 2 1 0 0.1 3 1 1 -0.1 4 0 2 0.3
2) (. . 5.1) → PrPr → Create →
Areas → Arbitrary → through KPs;
4) .
5.2 1) PrPr → Delete → Areas only;
2) ;
3) .
2) MM → PrPr → Create → Areas → Arbitrarys By lines;
3) , ;
4) ;
5) . : UM → Files → Clear &
Start New → OK – yes.
5.4 ,
1) (. . 5.2):
z 1 -2.0 0.0 0.0 2 -1.0 0.5 0.0 3 0.0 0.8 0.0 4 1.0 0.4 0.0 5 2.0 0.0 0.0
5.2.
2) : → PrPr → reate → Splines → Spline through KPs.
3) (. . 5.3):
z 6 -2.0 -0.2 2.0 7 -1.0 0.6 2.0 8 0.0 0.8 2.0 9 1.0 0.5 2.0
10 2.0 -0.1 2.0
5.3.
5) (. . 5.4):
z 11 -2.0 0.1 3.0 12 -1.0 0.5 3.0 13 0.0 0.7 3.0 14 1.0 0.3 3.0 15 2.0 0.1 3.0
6) .
5.4.
7) (. . 5.5) MM → PrPr → Create → Areas →
Arbitrary → By Skinning.
9) .
8) . .
26
1) :
x y z
1 -5 0 0 2 10 0 0 3 -5 2 0 4 -2 2 0 5 2 1 0 6 6 3 0 7 8 4 0 8 10 4.5 0
2) KP3…KP4 KP4…KP5.
3) KP5…KP8.
4) :
UM → PlotCtrls → Numbering → LINE → ON → OK;
UM → Plot → LINE .
1. PrPr → Create → Line Fillet;
2. L2 L3;
3. .
5. .
2. Pick All.
4. .
5.6
1) PrPr → Modeling → Create → Areas → Circle → Partial Annulus.
2) : wp x = 1; wp y = 1.
3) Rad – 1 = 1(
Rad – 1 = 0).
4) , ,
: Theta –1 = 45.
5) : Rad – 2 = 2.
6) , ,
: Theta –2 = 180.
7) .
28
2) : wpx = 1; wpy =1.
3) Rad – 1 = 0.
4) Rad – 2 = 2.
5) .
29
6.1 :
1) PrPr → Element type → Add/Edit/Delete → Add;
2) Shell;
3) Elastic 4 node 181;
4) ;
5) Close.
6.2 :
1) PrPr → Material Props → Material Models. Material Models Avalilable
Structural – Density DENS = 7800 (/3).
Linear – Elastic – Isotropic. : =2·1011 ();
PRXY=0.3.
2) PrPr → Sections → Shell → Lay-up → Add/Edit. : Thickness = 0,002 ()
3) ;
2) : 1=-2(); 2=2(); 1=-1(); 2=1();
3) .
4) R=0.5 , :
=0; =0:
6) 2 () 1 ()
Subtract. PrPr → Modeling → Operate → Booleans → Subtract → Areas.
, Subtract Areas,
.
8) PrPr → Meshing → MeshAttributes → Picked Areas. ;
9) ;
10) : =1; TYPE = 1 (SHELL181);
ESYS=0;
6.4
1) PrPr → Meshing → Size Cntrls → ManualSize → Lines → Picked Lines.
, Size (Element edge length) 0.1 .
6.5 (. . 6.1):
1) PrPr → Meshing → Mesh → Areas → Free → Pick All. .
. 6.1.
6.6 PrPr → Meshing → Modify Mesh → Refine At → Elements.
1) Circle Refine mesh at elements;
2) , , ,
;
6.2.
3) Unpick Single Refine mesh at elements;
31
4) (
);
5) .
6) LEVEL=2. (. .
6.2).
6.7
1) PrPr →Meshing → Clear → Areas.
2) , .
3) .
6.8 1) KP9 : x=0; y=0; z=0.
2) 9 4, 9 3, 9 2, 9
1.
3) Divide 3 L11, L10, L9 L12:
4) PrPr → Operate → Divide → Areas by line:
1. 3; 2. ; 3. L9, L10, L11 L12; 4. .
. 6.3.
32
5)
( . . 6.3):
1. PrPr → Operate → Add → Lines;
2. L15 L16;
3. ;
4. Apply;
6. ;
7. Apply;
9. ;
11. .
6) PrPr → Size Cntrls → All Lines.
1.: NDIV=20.
Mapped → 3 or 4 sided → Pick All (. . 6.4).
. 6.4.
33

. 7.1.
7.1
1) , : PrPr → Create → KeyPoints → in
Active CS X Y Z 1 -0.025 0.09 0 2 -0.025 0.115 0 3 -0.004 0.155 0 4 -0.004 0.23 0 5 -0.007 0.230 0 6 -0.007 0.255 0 7 -0.004 0.255 0 8 -0.004 0.29 0 9 -0.014 0.29 0 10 -0.014 0.3 0 11 -0.03 0.3 0 12 -0.03 0.325 0
2) ,
: PrPr → Modeling → Reflect → all → Y-Z plane;
3) 500 501
500 (-0.01,0,0) , 501 (0.01,0,0);
4) 1 P2, 2 P3, 3 P4, 4
P5, 5 P6, 6 P7, 7 P8, 10 P11, KP11 12, 12 24, 24 23,
34
23 22, 20 19, 19 18, 18 17, 17 16, 16 15, 15
14, 14 13, 13 1 (. . 7.2);
5) 10 8 9
0,01, 20 22 21 0,01;
6) 0,02 L1 L2, L18 L19,
L2 L3, L18, L17. PrPr → Modeling → Create → Lines → Line Fillet;
7) 0,003 L6 L4, L13 L17. .7.2.
;
. 7.2.
.
25 28, 26 27, 29 31, 30 32, 34 19, 33
35, 8 20;
9) 39 (0,
0.306, 0);
10) 10, 22, 39: PrPr →
Modeling → Create → Lines → Arcs → Through 3 KPs
11) ( 9)
, . 7.3;
12) :
1. : MM
→ Workplane → Align WP with Global Cartesian
2. 900
+Y: MM → Workplane → Offset WP by Increments
. 7.3.

35
3. 11 (KCN = 11, KCS = Cylindrical 1),
: MM → Workplane → Local Coordinate Systems →
Create Local CS → At WP origins
5) 30 :
1. : MM → Workplane →
Change Active CS to → Specified Coord Sys → 11
2. 30 Y: PrPr → Modeling →
Move/Modify → Areas → Areas. . . 7.4.
. 7.4.
6) : PrPr → Modeling
→ Operate → Extrude → About Axis. ,
, 500 501. 60. . . 7.5 7.6.
. 7.5.
36
. 7.6.
7.2 1) . 7.7. MM
→ WorkPlane → AlignWP with → Plane Normal to Line → L93 → Ratio Along Line=0,5.
93,
XY;
2) : MM → WorkPlane → Change Active
CS to → Working Plane;
3) 4 , :
1 0.012 0 -0.0085 2 0.012 0 0.0085 3 0 0 -0.004132 4 0 0 0.004132
37
4) 64 65, 65 63, 63 62, 62
64;
5) 0,002 L96 L97,
L98 L97 (. 7.8);
. 7.8.
6) : PrPr → Modeling → Create →
Areas → Arbitrary → By Lines, L95, L96, L99, L97,
L100, L98 (. . 7.8);
7) : MM → WorkPlane →
Change Active CS to → Global Cartesian;
8) , ,
0,1 (. . 7.9 7.10): PrPr → Modeling → Operate → Extrude → Areas → By XYZ Offset;
. 7.9.
38
. 7.10.
9) , : PrPr →
Modeling → Operate → Booleans → Subtract → Volumes (. . 7.11).
, .
. 7.11.
7.3

, .
1) 22, 10: PrPr → Modeling
→ Create → Line → Lines → Normal to Line. 10 ,
64 (. 7.12);
39
2) (WorkPlane),
64, 22, 57: MM → WorkPlane → Align WP with
Keypoints;
3) : PrPr → Delete → Line and Below → L93;
4) : PrPr → Operate → Booleans →
Divide → Volu by WrkPlane;
5) ,
10 (. . 7.12 7.13);
. 7.13.
6) . WorkPlane
82, 83, 68 (. . 7.12), . 4 ,
. . 7.14;
40
7.4
1) PrPr → Material Props → Material Models.
: =2·1011 (); 7800 (/3); 0,3.
2) 1. PrPr → Element type → Add/Edit/Delete → Add → Shell → 3D 4node 181
2. PrPr → Element type → Add/Edit/Delete → Add → Solid → Brick 8 Node 185
3) , . 7.15 7.16: PrPr →
Meshing → Size Cntrls → Lines → Picked Lines.
. 7.15.
. 7.16.
41
4) Shell 181: PrPr → Meshing → Mesh Attributes → All Areas
5) 105 (. 7.15)
: PrPr → Meshing → Mesh → Areas → Free.

6) Solid 185 (PrPr → Meshing → Mesh Attributes → All
Volumes), (sweep): PrPr →
Meshing → Mesh → Volume Sweep → Sweep.
. 7.17.
7) : PrPr → Meshing →
Mesh → Volumes → Mapped 4 to 6 sided
. 7.18.
8) . 7.19. 9) (8), -
. 6 Free, pped. . 7.20.
10) - :
PrPr → Meshing → Mesh → Volume Sweep → Sweep. 8 1;
. 7.21.
11) : PrPr → Meshing → Clear → Areas → Pick all. 7.5 ,
,
42


1) , : UM
→ Select → Entities → Areas →…