დავით კაკაბაძე

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ჟურნალი "Marriott Tbilisi", გამოცემა №24, ზამთარი 2015: დავით კაკაბაძემ ისე ასახა იმერეთის გორაკებიდან დანახული სამყარო,თითქოს მშობლიურ მხარესგადაუფრინა.

Transcript of დავით კაკაბაძე

  • daviT kakabaZe

    Autoportrait / avtoportreti 1913

    FAMOUS GEORGIANS

    A PUBLICATION OF TBILISI MARRIOTT HOTEL & COURTYARD BY MARRIOTT TBILISI30

  • aviT kakabaZem ise asaxa imereTis gorakebidan danaxuli samyaro, TiTqos mSobliur mxares gadaufrina.

    rogorc kubizmis da

    abstraqciis epoqis mxatvars,

    daviT kakabaZes drois da

    sivrcis gamaxvilebuli

    SegrZneba hqonda. is farTo masStabSi aRiqvamda

    xilul sinamdviles da Sesatyvis mxatvrul

    saxeebs qmnida. feradovan monakveTebad

    danawevrebuli miwis zedapiri mis suraTebSi

    xaliCasaviT efineba ferdobebs.

    quTaisis gimnaziis damTavrebis Semdeg, 1910-15

    wlebSi, daviT kakabaZe erTdroulad swavlobda

    peterburgis universitetis sabunebismetyvelo

    fakultetze da dmitriev-kavkazskis kerZo

    samxatvro studiaSi. 1918 wels is dabrunda

    saqarTveloSi, romelic im dros damoukidebel

    respublikas warmoadgenda. misi namuSevrebi

    didebis taZarSi (dRevandeli erovnuli

    galerea) qarTvel mxatvarTa gamofenaze

    gamoifina. ramdenime axalgazrda mxatvarTan

    erTad, saqarTvelos mTavrobam kakabaZe

    parizs miavlina, sadac man 1919-27 wlebi

    dahyo. msoflio xelovnebis centrSi kakabaZis

    xedvam mravalferovani gamovlena hpova.

    is modernistul Ziebebs jer kidev sankt-

    peterburgSi swavlis dros SeuerTda, magram

    parizma mis maZiebel gonebas gansakuTrebiT

    farTo asparezi gadauSala. man kubizmiT

    daiwyo da abstraqciamde mivida, dadaizmis

    elementebic organulad gaCnda mis namuSevrebSi

    da surealisturi abstraqciisac.

    drois mier motanili yvela teqnologiuri

    siaxle aRfrTovanebas iwvevda masSi. jer

    kidev quTaisis gimnaziis mowafe iyo, rodesac

    Segrovili fuliT fotoaparati SeiZina,

    romelic mas Semdeg mudam momarjvebuli

    hqonda. aseve aRtacebas iwvevda masSi kino.

    1922-23 wlebSi stereo kinosaproeqcio aparati

    Seqmna, romelic mesame ganzomilebis efeqtis

    usaTvalod Seqmnis saSualebas iZleoda.

    gamogonebisTvis man patentebi miiRo dasavleT

    evropis mravali qveynidan, didi britaneTidan

    da aSS-dan. Semdgom, minis da liTonis detalebi,

    romlebic aparatze muSaobis dros dagrovda

    mis atelieSi, kolaJebis Sesaqmnelad gamoiyena.

    zog kolaJs mxatvarma ukana mxridan naTura

    miuerTa. sarkis nawilebi, linzebi, mocimcime

    elementebi mis kompoziciebSi axleburad

    mianiSnebda siRrmes da dinamizmis axal gancdas

    badebda. am xerxebis Sesaqmnelad is xana

    STaagonebda, romelsac Tavad maSinizmis da

    kinematografis epoqa uwoda.

    1921-27 wlebSi kakabaZem biomorfuli

    abstraqciebis seriebi Seqmna. mis namuSevrebSi

    xSirad amoikiTxavT embrionis monaxazs an

    mcenareul warmonaqmns. organuli abstraqciis

    nimuSia misi skulpturuli obieqtic - Z,

    anu gangmiruli Tevzi (ielis universitetis

    samxatvro galereis koleqcia, aSS).

    1926 wels amerikelma mxatvarma da

    koleqcionerma qeTrin draierma kakabaZis

    skulptura parizis damoukidebelTa salonSi

    SeiZina gamofenidan. Semdeg mxatvars ewvia

    da misi kidev or aTeulamde namuSevari

    SearCia bruklinis (niu-iorki) saerTaSoriso

    gamofenisTvis. am gamofenaze, daviT

    kakabaZe duSanTan, mondrianTan, men reisTan,

    kandinskisTan, brankusisTan, mirosTan,

    maleviCTan, leJesTan da sxva liderebTan

    erTad warmoadgenda uaxlesi epoqis avangardul

    xelovnebas.

    studentur eqzersisebs Tu ar CavTvliT,

    kakabaZe arasodes xatavda qalis naturas.

    Tumca, es Tema aratradiciulad mainc vlindeba

    mxatvris SemoqmedebaSi. misi naturaa tera -

    miwa (imereTis peizaJebSi is iSviaTad uTmobs

    adgils cas an wyals), dedis saxiT ganazogadebs

    samSoblos ideas (imereTi - dedaCemi), xolo

    misi organuli abstraqciebi qalis Temis

    qvecnobier Canacvlebad SeiZleba miviCnioT.

    parizidan wamosvlis win Seqmnil ferwerul

    abstraqciebSi, mxatvari TiTqos mikroskopSi

    danaxul ujreds, an teleskopiT xilul

    kosmiur peizaJs gamosaxavs. namuSevrebi

    gvarwmuneben, rom mikro da makro samyaroebi

    bunebaSi erTsa da imave organizaciul

    wesrigzea damyarebuli. es wesrigi kakabaZis

    mTeli Semoqmedebis qvakuTxedia. buneba,

    sicocxlis sawyisi misi STagonebis mudmivi

    wyaroa.

    FAMOUS GEORGIANS

    A PUBLICATION OF TBILISI MARRIOTT HOTEL & COURTYARD BY MARRIOTT TBILISI31

  • parizSi wasvlisas, kakabaZem miznad daisaxa, Seeswavla

    axali mimdinareobebi xelovnebaSi da eTqva sakuTari

    sityva am ganxriT. man Seasrula dasaxuli amocana

    da ara mxolod mxari auba uaxles mxatvrul

    tendenciebs, aramed erT-erTma pirvelma Seqmna

    organuli anu biomorfuli abstraqcia. is aseve

    erT-erTi pirvelia, vis SemoqmedebaSic art dekos

    niSnebi gamoCnda.

    1927 wels mxatvari samSobloSi dabrunda. man datova

    damoukidebeli saqarTvelo, sadac modernistuli

    mxatvruli da literaturuli azrovneba aRmavlobas

    ganicdida da dabrunda gasabWoebul qveyanaSi,

    romelSic avangarduli midrekilebebisTvis

    sjidnen. daviT kakabaZe Teatrisa da kinos mxatvrad

    muSaobda, samxatvro akademiaSi aswavlida, Teoriul

    werilebs aqveynebda. man gadaiRo filmi qarTuli

    Zeglebis Sesaxeb. mogvianebiT peizaJis Janrsac

    miubrunda. magram mxatvars socialisturi realizmis

    principebisTvis SeuTavseblobis gamo akritikebdnen,

    da am mizeziT samxatvro akademiidanac daiTxoves.

    1952 wels, daviT kakabaZe gulis infarqtiT

    gardaicvala.

    Imeretian naturmort / imeruli natiurmorti 1918

    FAMOUS GEORGIANS

    A PUBLICATION OF TBILISI MARRIOTT HOTEL & COURTYARD BY MARRIOTT TBILISI32

  • dRes, 3D-s epoqaSi, gansakuTrebiT naTlad Cans, Tu

    ramdenad progresulad azrovnebda daviT kakabaZe.

    is organzomilebian sibrtyeze sivrcis problemebis

    axali xerxebiT gadawyvetis amocanebze muSaobda.

    miznis misaRwevad, optikis ganxriT mecnierTa

    naazrevsac iTvaliswinebda (herman helmholci, jeims

    maqsveli) da qarTuli arqiteqturuli ornamentis

    kvlevasac awarmoebda. modernizmis uTvalsaCinoesma

    warmomadgenelma Tavisi novatoruli gamogonebebis

    saxiT iseTi namuSevrebi datova, romlebic procesis

    formiT 21-e saukuneSic ganagrZoben arsebobas

    (2011 wels SvedeTSi, q. lundis municipalitetis

    daxmarebiT, ganxorcielda stalinis hologramuli

    portretis miseuli proeqti). avangarduli,

    eqsperimentuli xasiaTis miuxedavad, kakabaZis yvela

    namuSevari klasikur, mkvidr kanonebzea dafuZnebuli.

    me-19-20 saukuneTa mijnaze, imereTis gorakze mdgari

    daviT kakabaZis Tvali epoqas gausworda. is samyaros

    WeSmariti klasikosis TvaliT aRiqvamda da maradiul

    Rirebulebebze dafuZnebul avangardul nawarmoebebs

    qmnida.

    Abstraction / abstraqcia, 1927

    FAMOUS GEORGIANS

    A PUBLICATION OF TBILISI MARRIOTT HOTEL & COURTYARD BY MARRIOTT TBILISI33

  • Peisage, Bretan / bretanis peizaJi, 1921

    FAMOUS GEORGIANS

    A PUBLICATION OF TBILISI MARRIOTT HOTEL & COURTYARD BY MARRIOTT TBILISI34

  • FAMOUS GEORGIANS

    Abstraction / abstraqcia

    A PUBLICATION OF TBILISI MARRIOTT HOTEL & COURTYARD BY MARRIOTT TBILISI35

  • Abstraction / abstraqcia, 1927

    FAMOUS GEORGIANS

    A PUBLICATION OF TBILISI MARRIOTT HOTEL & COURTYARD BY MARRIOTT TBILISI36