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1. 1 2 0 1 4 - 2 0 1 5 2 2. 2 ....................................................................................................... 3 1 ................................................................................................. 4 2 ................................................................................................ 5 3 ... ....................................................................... 7 4 ............................................................................................................... 10 5 ............................................................................................................. 14 6 ...................................................................................... 16 7 ............................................................................... 20 8 .......................................................... 21 9 = ................................................................... 25 10 ............................................................................ 27 11 ....................................................................................... 29 12 .......................................................................................................... 30 13 .......................................... 32 14 ....................................................................................... 34 15 .......................................................................... 37 16 ................................................................. 38 ...................................................................................................... 39 3. 3 ............................................................................................ 40 . : , , , , . , , . , . . , , . , . !! 4. 4 , , . , , . : . , , . . . . 5. 5 : ( ) ,, , . , , , , . 6. 6 ,, ; . , , . 7. 7 , , . , , . . , . 8. 8 : . , , . ( ,, ). . ( , ). . . . . , . . 9. 9 , : Ringling Bros Walker Brothers cole brothers barnum and bailey 10. 10 (Poaching) , . 1998, Amherst , , , , , . , , , , . 11. 11 : , . , . , . , 19 . , . 2012 2013 60.000 , 60 , . 2012. Bouba Ndjidah . -47s , 1989. , . . 6.000 , . 12. 12 : , , . , . 1986, 6 , , , , , , , . , , , . 3.600 . . . , 1986 , 10.000 . 13. 13 : Taiji , . , . , "" . , Taiji , , . "" , "The Cove". , , . 14. 14 . , 84,5 , 6 27 . , ! ( 50% ), 40% , . 15. 15 : (, ) . . 90% (, ) . 65% 75% . 1950 18 . . , , 66,5 . ! 4 . ! 16. 16 , , . 43 , . . , . , . . , . , !! . , 100 300 . 17. 17 ; , , , , , , , , .. , . ; , . . . , . , . . , , . , . . , !! , , . , !! 18. 18 : 1. 100 , , . 2. . . 92 100 . 3. . . , . , , , , . . , . , . . . 4. : , , , in vitro, , , . 5. eyeliner, . . , , . , , , , , , . . 19. 19 : Avon Products Inc Ben & Jerry's Ice Cream Burberry [Coco] Chanel Inc Colgate-Palmolive Co. Dolce & Gabbana Johnson Products Co. Max Factor Oral-B Worldwide Mars Candy Olay Co. Oriflame Int'l Corp Pfizer Inc. Pantene Sephora Vogue Magazine : THE BODY SHOP Fresh line NEILs YARD KINGFISHER BIO BEAUTY , MONTAGNE JEUNESSE Paul Mitchell Marrakesh Jason Marks & Spencer Natalie Portman vegan shoes Stella McCartney Shoes Almacabio DANIEL FIELD 20. 20 : JoAnn Altsman . Lulu, . , . JoAnn . JoAnn Lulu. : O Yang Yun . Yang Yun . Mila, , . , . Yang Yun. 21. 21 ( ) , , , , , , . . , , . -- , . , , , , . , ( ) : DNA , ... , - , adespoto.gr. . . , : -/ - - - - , . , ( ) . , . , , , . . 1871, W. Hogarth '' 4 '' , . . - . Jeffrey Dahmer, Theodore Bundy, 30 , ... 22. 22 2004 , . : '' : ''. 10 , 6 12 . 2005, ( 7 ) , , . , 1995, - , ... . , - . , , , , '''' sites. , ASPCA, . , , , . . , , . '80 , . . , , . : , , . , 90%. , , . , . ,, -. 2005 '' : '' . , . , . , , , , . ... 1997 48 , 85% 63% . , .. . 23. 23 , , . 1980, 7 10 10 . , , 50% 5 ... . , , . , . , . . . . '''' , ... . - , , . - . 16-18 . . , . , . , , : '' '' . , . . 24. 24 *: , 71% , ! (Ascione, 1998) 88% , . Johns Hopkins University 1994 2000, 11 , ! 70% , 44% . (Arluke, A. & Luke, C. 1997). , 99% (!!!) 100% , ! 61,5% , . (Clarke, J. P. 2002) 63,3 % , ( )(Schiff Louw Ascione, 1999). , , ( ). 25. 25 = ( ). . . . 1905 . , , . , . , . , , . , , , / . , , .. 1997 ( ) Northeastern, . , FBI ( 70, ) , , , . , , , 1999 . , 15, , . 22 , . , . . , 13 , 11, . 22. , 16, , . , , . , , , . 26. 26 , . , . , . . , . , , . : , . : , . : , . ; . , , . . , . 27. 27 : , , , . , , . : . . . 28. 28 : (, ..) , , . . , , . , , , . (POP) , . ( ) 29. 29 1931 ' , . , . 4 , , . 30. 30 2017/1992 . , , ( ). , 2012 , , , , , . . , , . ( ), . , , - - 31. 31 5 300 1.500 . 1. . . . . , . , , , , . 6 300 1.500