© 2012 Ryo Sakurai - University of · PDF fileRYO SAKURAI A DISSERTATION PRESENTED TO THE...

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Transcript of © 2012 Ryo Sakurai - University of · PDF fileRYO SAKURAI A DISSERTATION PRESENTED TO THE...

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    CONFLICT ANALYSIS AND CAPACITY BUILDING FOR COMMUNITY-BASED

    MANAGEMENT OF ENDANGERED AND NUISANCE WILDLIFE IN JAPAN

    By

    RYO SAKURAI

    A DISSERTATION PRESENTED TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOL

    OF THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT

    OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF

    DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY

    UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

    2012

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    2012 Ryo Sakurai

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    To my parents

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    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

    There are numerous people that I would like to thank for assisting with or encouraging

    this project. First, I would like to thank the Supporting Organization for Research of Agricultural

    and Life Science in Tokyo and Toyooka City of Hyogo, for sponsoring the project. Second, I

    thank Dr. Gouhei Ueda, Naoko Matsuda, Tetsuya Maruyama, Dr. Stuart J. Carlton, and Dara

    Wald for providing instructive comments and advice for the project. Third, special thanks go to

    the School of Natural Resources and Environment for admitting me to their Interdisciplinary

    Ecology program; my committee members, Dr. Madan Oli, Dr. Glenn Israel, Dr. Martha Monroe,

    Dr. Kenneth Wald, and to my advisor Dr. Susan K. Jacobson of the Department of Wildlife

    Ecology and Conservation. Susan has been always helpful, enthusiastic, encouraging, creative

    and a great mentor for over five years of the Masters and PhD program, and I cannot possibly

    put my gratitude into words. I could not accomplish my research and the graduate study so

    successfully without such a wonderful advisor. Last but not least, sincere thanks go to my

    parents for their endless support and encouragement.

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    page

    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ...............................................................................................................4

    LIST OF TABLES ...........................................................................................................................7

    LIST OF FIGURES .........................................................................................................................8

    ABSTRACT .....................................................................................................................................9

    CHAPTER

    1 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................11

    2 MEDIA COVERAGE OF BLACK BEAR MANAGEMENT IN JAPAN............................14

    Opening Statement ..................................................................................................................14

    Asiatic Black Bears in Japan ...........................................................................................14

    Conceptual Background ..................................................................................................16

    Purpose of Study ..............................................................................................................18

    Hypotheses ......................................................................................................................19

    Methods ..................................................................................................................................19

    Sample .............................................................................................................................19

    Coding .............................................................................................................................20

    Analysis ...........................................................................................................................21

    Results.....................................................................................................................................21

    Article Length and Frames ..............................................................................................21

    Coverage of Bear-Related Risks .....................................................................................22

    Topics Covered in Articles ..............................................................................................22

    Discussion ...............................................................................................................................24

    Management Implications ......................................................................................................26

    3 PUBLIC RISK PERCEPTION AND SOCIAL TRUST OF BEARS IN JAPAN .................30

    Opening Statement ..................................................................................................................30

    Conceptual Framework ...........................................................................................................32

    Risk Perception ................................................................................................................32

    Social Trust ......................................................................................................................33

    Wildlife Acceptance Capacity .........................................................................................34

    Hypotheses ..............................................................................................................................35

    Methods ..................................................................................................................................35

    Study Site .........................................................................................................................35

    Survey Instrument ...........................................................................................................37

    Analysis ..................................................................................................................................37

    Results.....................................................................................................................................38

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    Demographic Variables ...................................................................................................38

    Distribution of Cognitive Variables and Behaviors ........................................................38

    Relationships between Social Trust and Risk Perception ...............................................39

    Relationships between Risk Perception and Acceptance Capacity .................................39

    Relationships between Social Trust and Behaviors .........................................................40

    Discussion ...............................................................................................................................40

    Relationships between Risk Perception and Social Trust ...............................................40

    Relationship between Social Trust and Behaviors ..........................................................42

    Limitation of Study ..........................................................................................................44

    4 ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF A WILDLIFE EDUCATION PROGRAM ON

    JAPANESE ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIORAL INTENTIONS ........................................49

    Background .............................................................................................................................49

    Theoretical Background ..........................................................................................................52

    Hypotheses ..............................................................................................................................55

    Methods ..................................................................................................................................56

    Study Site .........................................................................................................................56

    Questionnaire ...................................................................................................................57

    Analysis ...........................................................................................................................57

    Results.....................................................................................................................................57

    Descriptive Information ...................................................................................................57

    Comparison of Treatment District of Fukahodo and Control District of Kuno ..............58

    Assessing the Association between Five Variables and Behavioral Intentions ..............58

    Comparison of Reported Comments between Two Districts ..........................................59

    Discussion ...............................................................................................................................59

    Limitation of the Study ...........................................................................................................63

    5 CONCLUSION.......................................................................................................................73

    LIST OF REFERENCES ...............................................................................................................75

    BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH .........................................................................................................85

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    LIST OF TABLES

    Table page

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